PP#4-Chapter Three THE SCRIPT

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CHAPTER THREE: THE SCRIPT:

CHAPTER THREE: THE SCRIPT COMM 119: TV Production I

THE SCRIPT:

THE SCRIPT A Good Script Tells You: What The Program Is A bout Who Is I n It What Everyone Says What Needs To Happen & Where and When It’s Supposed to Happen How The Audience Should See & Hear The Event

BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS:

SINGLE COLUMN DRAMA SCRIPT Standard Format for TV & Film Includes every word of actors’ dialogue Who is doing what, when & where How the action should play Used in Fictional, Narrative Productions BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS

BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS:

TWO-COLUMN A/V SCRIPT The Page-Right Column contains the audio information (what’s being heard) The Page-Left Column contains the video information (what’s being seen) Often called the “Documentary” Format because it is written AFTER production and used in editing Script might o nly b e p artially w ritten o ut on page – ellipsis used instead BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS

BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS:

FULLY SCRIPTED A/V FORMAT Exactly as it sounds – the script is fully written out in the right column PARTIAL TWO-COLUMN A/V SCRIPT Exactly as it sounds – t he script only reflects part of the dialogue and ellipses are used BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS

BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS:

NEWS SCRIPT Always Fully Scripted for Anchors and also has Instructions/Partial scripts for what LIVE or RECORDED News Segments the Director Must Call Up and When You are writing to the VISUALS! BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS

BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS:

SHOW FORMAT: Guide to Routine Shows Only changes are detailed FACT SHEET: List on Items to be Mentioned and Shown on Air Also Known as a “Rundown” or “Prop” Sheet BASIC SCRIPT FORMATS

THE SCRIPT:

THE SCRIPT SEMESTER PROJECTS Which Script Format for Segments? HOST DIALOGUE QUESTIONS FOR GUESTS SEGMENT STRUCTURE

STRUCTURAL BASICS:

The Four Basic Elements of Drama THEME: What? PLOT: How? CHARACTERS: Who? ENVIRONMENT: Where? STRUCTURAL BASICS

DRAMATIC CONFLICT:

DRAMATIC CONFLICT Cultural/Ideological Differences Ideal VS. Rational Worldviews Feeling VS. Reason Wishful Thinking VS. Reality Society VS. the Individual Honesty VS. Corruption Rich and Poor

CLASSICAL FORMULA:

CLASSICAL FORMULA BASIC FORMAT: EXPOSITION: sets the context in which action occurs POINT OF ATTACK: the first crisis RISING ACTION: more conflicts and trouble brewing CLIMAX: major crisis or turning point FALLING ACTION & RESOLUTION: wins or loses (or not?)

EVENT ORDER:

EVENT ORDER Shifting Past, Present, & Future through Editing has redefined the idea that a good story must have a neat beginning, middle and end – but the formula pieces are typically still there, just in a different order…

NONDRAMATIC STRUCTURE:

NONDRAMATIC STRUCTURE NONFICTION & INFORMATIONAL News, Documentary, Commercials, Instructional Videos, etc. While called “Nondramatic”, news stories and documentaries (nonfiction) often still use traditional storytelling tactics

NONDRAMATIC STRUCTURE:

NONDRAMATIC STRUCTURE NONFICTION & INFORMATIONAL Commercials & Instructional Videos use GOAL-DIRECTED Information Going for an observable effect (cause to effect model) to buy or learning something specific

NONDRAMATIC STRUCTURE:

NONDRAMATIC STRUCTURE FROM IDEA TO PROCESS MESSAGE Examples on Page 54 in book: +FEATURE: Story on Favorite Football Team (2 approaches) +GOAL-DIRECTED: Counting from 1 to 5

WRITERS ON WRITING:

WRITERS ON WRITING TV WRITERS PANELS A Night in the Writers’ Room: COMEDY http :// www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdddFr7DyJ4 A Night in the Writers’ Room: DRAMA http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=agSerdRzzvw

LOOKING AHEAD:

LOOKING AHEAD NEXT WEEK = LAB/QUIZ DAY QUIZ-CHAPTER THREE Same Format as Quiz #1 & 2 SCANNED QUIZ SECTION WILL BE UP ON BLACKBOARD We’ll go over Quiz #2 and then do lab time – one group at a time

TV PRODUCTION I:

TV PRODUCTION I Maury Update: 4/2 – WEDNESDAY PICK-UP at 4pm (food & transportation provided) Takes place of regular class

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