Epilepsy

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Epilepsy :

Epilepsy Enri Arroyo

What is Epilepsy :

What is Epilepsy It's neurological disorder of the brain that can cause seizures. According to the Institute of Medicine 2.2 million American have epilepsy 150,000 new cases diagnosed each year 1 in 26 people will develop epilepsy

Causes of Epilepsy:

Causes of Epilepsy Idiopathic- No cause Symptomatic- it could be a head injury, drug abuse, brain tumor

Types of Seizures:

Types of Seizures Partial Seizures Simple partial Complex partial Generalized Seizures Primary generalized seizure Secondary generalized tonic clonic seizure

How is epilepsy diagnosed? Medical History Physical Exam Neurological Exam EEG MRI:

How is epilepsy diagnosed? Medical History Physical Exam Neurological Exam EEG MRI

Triggers Missing medication Flashing lights Lack of adequate rest Stress Use of illicit drugs Alcohol consumption :

Triggers Missing medication Flashing lights Lack of adequate rest Stress Use of illicit drugs Alcohol consumption

Treatment Options Surgery Ketogenic Diet Medication Sedatives Anticonvulsants:

Treatment Options Surgery Ketogenic Diet Medication Sedatives Anticonvulsants

First Aid:

First Aid What to do Staying with the person until the seizure ends and he or she is fully awake. After it ends, help the person sit in a safe place. Once they are alert and able to communicate, tell them what happened in very simple terms. Comfort the person and speak calmly. Check to see if the person is wearing or a medical bracelet or other emergency information. Keep yourself and other people calm. Offer to call a taxi or another person to make sure the person gets home safely. What NOT to do Don’t hold the person down. Don’t put anything in the person’s mouth Don’t shake the person Of course if you are unsure of the person's medical conditions you can always call 911 to get them immediate aid

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Support your family and friends Thank you

Sources Epilepsy Fast Facts. (2016). Retrieved November 01, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/epilepsy/basics/fast-facts.htm @. (n.d.). Complex Partial Seizures. Retrieved November 05, 2016, from http://www.epilepsy.com/learn/types-seizures/complex-partial-seizures (image of brain) Begg, D. (2016). Purple Day – The Epilepsy Patients Are Not Alone! Retrieved November 10, 2016, from https://www.consumerhealthdigest.com/health-awareness/purple-day.html Evidence-Based Resource Summary. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2016, from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/tools-resources/evidence-based-resource/epilepsy-across-spectrum Epilepsy Foundation. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2016, from http://epilepsychicago.org/epilepsy/seizure-types/generalized-seizures/ Simple Partial Seizures. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2016, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1184384-overview Sesupport, S. (n.d.). Causes of a Seizure | The Johns Hopkins Epilepsy Center. Retrieved November 16, 2016, from http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/neurology_neurosurgery/centers_clinics/epilepsy/seizures/causes/ Grand mal seizure. (n.d.). Retrieved November 16, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/grand-mal-seizure/basics/treatment/con-20021356 @. (n.d.). Seizure First Aid: How to Respond When Someone Has an Episode. Retrieved November 16, 2016, from http://www.healthline.com/health/seizure-first-aid-how-respond-when-someone-has-episode :

Sources Epilepsy Fast Facts. (2016). Retrieved November 01, 2016, from http://www.cdc.gov/epilepsy/basics/fast-facts.htm @. (n.d.). Complex Partial Seizures. Retrieved November 05, 2016, from http://www.epilepsy.com/learn/types-seizures/complex-partial-seizures (image of brain) Begg, D. (2016). Purple Day – The Epilepsy Patients Are Not Alone! Retrieved November 10, 2016, from https://www.consumerhealthdigest.com/health-awareness/purple-day.html Evidence-Based Resource Summary. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2016, from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/tools-resources/evidence-based-resource/epilepsy-across-spectrum Epilepsy Foundation. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2016, from http://epilepsychicago.org/epilepsy/seizure-types/generalized-seizures/ Simple Partial Seizures. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2016, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1184384-overview Sesupport, S. (n.d.). Causes of a Seizure | The Johns Hopkins Epilepsy Center. Retrieved November 16, 2016, from http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/neurology_neurosurgery/centers_clinics/epilepsy/seizures/causes/ Grand mal seizure. (n.d.). Retrieved November 16, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/grand-mal-seizure/basics/treatment/con-20021356 @. (n.d.). Seizure First Aid: How to Respond When Someone Has an Episode. Retrieved November 16, 2016, from http://www.healthline.com/health/seizure-first-aid-how-respond-when-someone-has-episode

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