Waterfall Model in SDLC

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These PPT presentations help to understand waterfall model in SDLC. The Waterfall model is the earliest SDLC approach that was used for software development. There are five steps in the waterfall model.

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Waterfall Model in SDLC:

Waterfall Model in SDLC

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION A software development process or life cycle is a structure imposed on the development of a software product. There are several models for such processes, each describing approaches to a variety of tasks or activities that take place during the process. www.hndassignments.co.uk

Types of Software development models:

Types of Software development models Waterfall model V model Incremental model RAD model Agile model Iterative model Spiral model www.hndassignments.co.uk

Waterfall Model:

Waterfall Model There are total 7 models in software development. Waterfall model is a popular model of the system development life cycle . It is very simple to use and understand. In a waterfall model, each phase must be completed before the next phase can begin and there is no overlapping in the phases. www.hndassignments.co.uk

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Steps in Waterfall Model:

Steps in Waterfall Model Requirements: Requirements is the initial step in waterfall model. All possible requirements of the system to be developed are captured in this phase and documented in a requirement specification document. In this steps user demands the entire requirement for the software development. www.hndassignments.co.uk

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Design: This is the second step in waterfall model. This system design helps in specifying hardware and system requirements and helps in defining the overall system architecture. www.hndassignments.co.uk

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Implementation: It is very important part of waterfall model. After requirements and design the next step in implementation. With inputs from the system design, the system is first developed in small programs called units, which are integrated in the next phase. Each unit is developed and tested for its functionality, which is referred to as Unit Testing. The main purpose of these steps is to execute the program. www.hndassignments.co.uk

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Verification: In these steps the entire systems will be tested for any faults and failures. Once the functional and non-functional testing is done the product is deployed in the customer environment or released into the market. www.hndassignments.co.uk

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Maintenance: In these last steps there are some issues which come up in the client environment. In this steps the issue will be fixed, patches are released. Maintenance is done to deliver these changes in the customer environment. www.hndassignments.co.uk

Advantages:

Advantages This model is simple and easy to understand and use. It is easy to manage due to the rigidity of the model – each phase has specific deliverables and a review process. In this model phases are processed and completed one at a time. Phases do not overlap. Waterfall model works well for smaller projects where requirements are very well understood www.hndassignments.co.uk

Disadvantages:

Disadvantages Once an application is in the testing stage, it is very difficult to go back and change something that was not well-thought out in the concept stage. No working software is produced until late during the life cycle. High amounts of risk and uncertainty. Not a good model for complex and object-oriented projects . www.hndassignments.co.uk

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Poor model for long and ongoing projects. Not suitable for the projects where requirements are at a moderate to high risk of changing. www.hndassignments.co.uk

Uses of Waterfall Model:

Uses of Waterfall Model This model is used only when the requirements are very well known, clear and fixed. Product definition is stable. Technology is understood. There are no ambiguous requirements Ample resources with required expertise are available freely The project is short. www.hndassignments.co.uk

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