drug abuse

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OBJECTIVES:

OBJECTIVES To create awareness about drug abuse in communities. To provide factual information to communities about the harmful effects of drug abuse To change communities’ attitudes about drug abuse To mobilize communities to play an active role towards dealing with drug abuse

WHAT IS IT???:

WHAT IS IT??? Patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor advised by medical professionals

TYPES…:

TYPES… Narcotics – opiates like morphine & heroin Stimulants Cocaine, Amphetamines Depressants (sedatives) Hallucinogens

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Cannabis – Most common Prescription drug misuse Alcohol & tobacco

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Inhalants Glues Paints, thinner Petroleum products Nail polish remover Aerosols

MAGNITUDE How big is the problem???:

MAGNITUDE How big is the problem??? Estimated 200 million users worldwide Major chunk – Between 12 to 25 yrs ( esp teenagers)

Risk Factors:

Risk Factors Individual factors Low self esteem Poor self control Inadequate social coping skills Depression Anxiety Stressful life events

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Being young (when one is young, one is constantly struggling to define and affirm identity. In the course of the process young people often start experimenting as part of their search for an identity) Being male (world wide more men than women use drugs) Genetic Mental health

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Family Problems - family disruption, ineffective supervision, criminality and drug use in family , mental, physical or sexual abuse.

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Peer pressure - Peer networks are important support mechanisms and he or she may go to great length to maintain acceptance and status in it and finally fall prey to drug abuse

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Social and environmental milieu Unemployment Widespread availability of drugs Media and advertising

Symptoms of drug abuse:

Symptoms of drug abuse Behavioral Changes N eglecting responsibilities at school, work, or home Depression Abandoned activities you used to enjoy Using drugs under dangerous conditions or taking risks while high Drug use is getting you into legal trouble Drug tolerance Withdrawal symptoms Continue to use drugs, despite knowing it’s hurting you

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Physical warning signs of drug abuse Bloodshot eyes, pupils larger or smaller than usual Changes in appetite or sleep patterns. Sudden weight loss or weight gain Deterioration of physical appearance, personal grooming habits Unusual smells on breath, body, or clothing Tremors, slurred speech, or impaired coordination

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Behavioural signs of drug abuse Drop in attendance and performance at work or school Unexplained need for money or financial problems. May borrow or steal to get it. Engaging in secretive or suspicious behaviours Sudden change in friends, favourite hangouts, and hobbies Frequently getting into trouble (fights, accidents, illegal activities)

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Psychological warning signs of drug abuse Unexplained change in personality or attitude Sudden mood swings, irritability, or angry outbursts Periods of unusual hyperactivity, agitation, or giddiness Lack of motivation; appears lethargic or “spaced out” Appears fearful, anxious, or paranoid, with no reason

Problems Of Drug Abuse:

Problems Of Drug Abuse

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Problems of Drug abuse: Physical dependence Psychological addiction Social and economic problems Crime – Violence, Homicides Suicides Motor Vehicle Accidents Morbidity - infection, malnutrition Unprotected Sex – STDs, AIDS Physical & Mental Illnesses

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1990 1995 Same user of drugs 5 years later

Death…:

Death …

Treatment:

Treatment Behavioral therapy Pharmacological therapy No single treatment is appropriate for all individuals Multiple courses of treatment may be required for success

Prevention :

Prevention Increasing awareness( esp teenagers) Strict implementation of laws on drug trafficking

What Can You Do???:

What Can You Do??? As Parents : Bond and communicate with your children Talk to your child about underlying issues Monitor your teen’s activity Watch for symptoms Lay down rules and consequences Encourage positive behaviour, other interests and social activities Get help when needed Be a role model

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Warning signs of teen drug abuse Having bloodshot eyes or dilated pupils, using eye drops to try to mask these signs Skipping class, declining grades, suddenly getting into trouble at school Missing money, valuables, or prescriptions Acting uncharacteristically isolated, withdrawn, angry, or depressed Dropping one group of friends for another, being secretive about the new peer group Loss of interest in old hobbies, lying about new interests and activities Demanding more privacy, locking doors, avoiding eye contact, sneaking around

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As Teachers: Good teacher-student relationships Educate them Talk to them Monitor them Encourage other interests and social activities

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As Responsible Citizens: Avoid drug abuse Spread awareness about problems of drug abuse Help in implementation of laws against drugs

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LET US ALL TAKE A PLEDGE TODAY AND IMPLEMENT IT IMMEDIATELY I WILL NOT ABUSE ANY SUBSTANCE WHEN I HAPPEN TO COME ACROSS ANY PERSON ABUSING SUBSTANCES (ALCOHOL, TOBACCO,CANNABIS, OPIUM AND OTHER CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES) I WILL COUNSEL THE AFFECTED INDIVIDUALS AND HIS FAMILY MEMBERS TO GO TO NEAR BY GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL AND TAKE TREATMENT IN PSYCHIATRIC FACILITY I WILL PASS ON THE MESSAGE OF NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF DRUG ABUSE TO ALL THE YOUNGER GENERATION AND CREATE AN AWARENESS.

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