Gerund phrases

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Gerund phrases : 

Gerund phrases

Slide 2: 

Look at the following sentences. Which words are the nouns? The nouns are Alaska, English, and ice cream.

You chose these words because you know that you need nouns in those places. The red lines below show you where nouns are required. : 

You chose these words because you know that you need nouns in those places. The red lines below show you where nouns are required. You can put any noun on these red lines (as long as it makes logical sense). What if you want to say an action is fun or difficult? That is when you need a gerund. If you want to use an action word in a place that requires a noun, you can usually use a verb with an -ing ending. For example, In these sentences, fishing, hiking, and dancing look like verbs, but they are not verbs. They are nouns. When a noun looks like a verb with -ing, it is called a gerund.

As subjects : 

A gerund is a “verb + ing” used as a noun. Examples: Jogging is a healthy activity. gerund Swimming is a popular sport. gerund Bertha enjoys hiking gerund The police arrested him for speeding. gerund As subjects As objects

As subjects : 

As subjects A gerund phrase includes the gerund + its objects, modifiers, or complements. As objects

Slide 7: 

Gerund phrases as subjects Designing clothes is not a man´s job. Being a flight attendant sounds exciting. Writing a gossip column could be fun. Directing a TV shows would be interesting.

Slide 8: 

Gerund phrases as objects He wouldn´t like being a fashion designer. He´d enjoy being a flight attendant. She´d be good at writing a gossip column. They´d love directing a TV show.

Change the verb in parentheses into a gerund: : 

Change the verb in parentheses into a gerund: 1. (eat) We finished _____________the meal three hours ago. 2. (swear) My grandmother won't tolerate ______________. 3. (sweep) Juan will clean the windows , after ______________the floor. 4. (fight) ________________ will get you in trouble. 5. (dance) He loves ________________. 6. (lie) _______________is a terrible habit. 7. (waste) She insists on _____________ her time. 8. (gamble) _____________ is risky. eating swearing sweeping Fighting dancing Lying wasting Gambling object object object subject object subject object subject

A Look at the gerund phrases in column A.Write your opinion of each job by choosing information from columns B and C. Then add two more gerund phrases and write similar sentences. : 

A Look at the gerund phrases in column A.Write your opinion of each job by choosing information from columns B and C. Then add two more gerund phrases and write similar sentences. A Working as an architect Taking care of children Winning the lottery Conducting an orchestra Working on a movie set Making a living as an artist Writing for a newspaper Retiring at age 40 ____________________ ____________________ B is seems sounds must be could be would be C awful scary fantastic fascinating pretty difficult kind of boring really rewarding very challenging

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