Romania and Vulcan

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A few things about our country…ROMANIA : 

A few things about our country…ROMANIA …and about our village… VULCAN Student:ELA MARIA Teacher Postolache Dumitrita

...ROMANIA... : 

...ROMANIA... Romania is a country in Southeastern Europe. It borders Hungary and Serbia to the W, Ukraine and Moldova to the NE and Bulgaria to the S. Romania is a “gifted country”, as it has a stretch of sea coast along the Black Sea and the eastern and southern Carpathian Mountains run through its center.

Main INFO about Romania : 

Main INFO about Romania Politics: Romania is a parliamentary democratic republic where executive functions are held by prime minister. The president is elected by popular vote for maximum two terms, and since the amendments in 2003, the terms are five years. Administrative divisions: Romania is divided into 41 counties and the municipality of Bucharest. Each county is further subdivided into cities and communes, which have own mayor and local council. There are a total of 319 cities and 2686 communes in Romania. Demographics: In 2002, Romania had a population of 21,698,181. Geography: With a surface area of 238,391 square kilometres (92,043 sq mi), Romania is the largest country in southeastern Europe and the twelfth-largest in Europe.[119] Romania's terrain is distributed roughly equally between mountainous, hilly and lowland territories. Language: The official language of Romania is Romanian, an Eastern Romance language related to Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Catalan. Religion: Romania is a secular state, thus having no national religion. The dominant religious body is the Romanian Orthodox Church.

UNIQUENESS in Romania : 

UNIQUENESS in Romania The statue of Decebalus The Statue of Dacian king Decebalus (40-meter high) is the tallest rock sculpture in Europe. It is located on the Danube, near the city of Orşova. Beusnita – Ochiul Bei Bei Lake will amazes you by its colors: one of the most clear blue ever seen.

UNIQUENESS in Romania : 

UNIQUENESS in Romania Castles and palaces Bran Castle Peles Castle Humedoara Castle Făgăras Fortress Painted monasteries Sucevita Moldovita Humor Voronet

Slide 6: 

Location: Vulcan is large village, situated in the south west of Romania, in Hunedoara county. Hunedoara county in Romania VULCAN village in Hunedoara county Culture & Religion: Half of the inhabitants of Vulcan village are Romanians and the other half is formed bz Hungarians.Therefore, there are two churches and two religions: the Orthodox and Calvinist religion. Languages: Due to this mixture, there are two languages spoken here: the Romanian and the Hungarian languages Education: There is only one school in Vulcan, named Scoala Generala; it comprises kindergartens, primary and secondary schools, both for Romanians and for Hungarians. ...our village...VULCAN

Vulcan in pictures : 

Vulcan in pictures The Romanian church

Brief History of Iasi City The Romanian territory is a classical geographical example of unity in diversity. : 

Brief History of Iasi City The Romanian territory is a classical geographical example of unity in diversity. 4/27/2012 www.brainybetty.com 9

Slide 10: 

The Carpathians, the Danube and the Black Sea are the three elements whose mixture leads to the unity and originality of the Romanian territory called the Carpathian-Danubian-Pontic space.

If the Carpathians have always been the backbone of the Romanian land and the Danube has connected the Romanians to the sea and the rest of the world, then the Black Sea has always been a crossing place of international traffic offering the Romanians the opportunity to participate in this commercial circuit. : 

If the Carpathians have always been the backbone of the Romanian land and the Danube has connected the Romanians to the sea and the rest of the world, then the Black Sea has always been a crossing place of international traffic offering the Romanians the opportunity to participate in this commercial circuit. ROMANIA 4/27/2012 www.brainybetty.com 11

Slide 12: 

Born in the Carpathian-Danubian-Pontic space, the Romanian people, descending from the Dacians and the Romans, represents in the ethno-cultural space of Europe one of the oldest people, having according to the historian Nicolae lorga, "roots which are four times millennial"

Slide 13: 

Your Su"roots which are four times millennial". Forced to suffer the wild attacks of migratory people for a long time, the Romanians constituted themselves into independent states in the 14th century by uniting the existent pre-state territories. Although historic circumstances prevented the forming of a unique Romanian state for a long time there have always existed btitle Here 4/27/2012 www.brainybetty.com 13

Slide 14: 

In 1859, as a result of an immense internal effort and a favorable external context, the Union of Moldova and Wallachia was achieved by the election of Alexandru loan Cuza as Prince of both states. "The Small Union" was consolidated by a reforming work which brought the newly formed state closer to Europe and enabled it to make itself known in external affairs. Iasi was the city that made the first steps towards the unification. The decisive step towards the constituting of the Romanian Unitary National State was taken during the year 1918. By uniting all the Romanian territories some of which had been under foreign rule: Basarabia, Bucovina, Banat and Transilvania, the Great Union was accomplished in Alba lulia on December

Slide 15: 

1st, 1918. Iasi was the Center for resistance during the World War I. Here was initiated the Great Union. The anti-Communist revolution of December 1989 showed the Romanians' option for democracy and liberty. Thoroughly European, Romania has given the world cultural patrimony great personalities: the scholar Dimitrie Cantemir, the sculptor Constantin Brancusi, the musician George Enescu, the inventor Henri Coand�, the diplomat Nicolae Titulescu, the historian Nicolae lorga, the dramatist Eugen lonescu, the historian Mircea Eliade, the mathematician Grigore Moisil. Many of them have their lives strongly related to Iasi City. Representing an oasis of Latinity in this part of the world, the Romanians confirm the statement made by the Romanian historian Nicolae lorga: "We have remained Romanians because we could not part from the memory of Rome".

Used websites: : 

Used websites: http://www.world-geographics.com/cfg/public/_lib/img/maps/europe/map_of_romania.jpg www.wikipedia.com www.inromania.org www.goromaniatours.com

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