cooperative individualism - lesson 10 - neither left nor right - narra

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This lesson presents a very different look at the left-right paradigm and the appearance of liberalism in the 20th century as a set of policies embraced as a middle ground.

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Cooperative Individualism: The Third Way to the Just Society LESSON 10 Neither Left Nor Right

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F E D E R A L I S M

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Liberalism arose as …

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PAY YOUR FRIEND AT THE NEXT EXIT

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law SANCTIONED INEQUALITY EQUALITY OF CONDITION

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law Sanctioned Inequality Equality of Condition EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY

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“Separate an individual from society, and give him an island or a continent to possess, and he cannot acquire personal property. He cannot be rich. …All accumulation, therefore, of personal property, beyond what a man’s own hands produce, is derived to him by living in society; and he owes on every principle of justice, of gratitude, and of civilization, a part of that accumulation back again to society from whence the whole came.”

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law Sanctioned Inequality Equality of Condition EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY CONTROL OF NATURE AND CAPITAL GOODS By the State and/or a privileged elite (e.g., oligarchy) By the State, with wealth production and distribution highly planned Primarily by private individuals and groups, with some State control of the “public domain” as societal trustee By private groups on a cooperative basis, limited to what is actively used in production of wealth By private individuals and groups under voluntary agreements

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law Sanctioned Inequality Equality of Condition EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY CONTROL OF NATURE AND CAPITAL GOODS By the State and/or a privileged elite (e.g., oligarchy) By the State, with wealth production and distribution highly planned Primarily by private individuals and groups, with some State control of the “public domain” as societal trustee By private groups on a cooperative basis, limited to what is actively used in production of wealth By private individuals and groups under voluntary agreements

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Labor and capital goods theory of property

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law Sanctioned Inequality Equality of Condition EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY RELATIONS BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS Directed by the State and laws based on moral relativism Directed by the State and bureaucratic authority, subject to extensive corruption Directed primarily by reliance on private voluntary (i.e., non-coercive arrangements, subject to law based on reasoned principles Directed entirely by non-hierarchical decision-making (e.g., a tribal council) but with risk of behavior codes being based on tradition rather than reasoned principles Governed entirely on the basis of voluntary, private arrangements, without distinction between tradition, moral relativism or reasoned principles

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law Sanctioned Inequality Equality of Condition EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY PROPERTY DEFINED By the State and may or may not be limited to personal items By the State and is generally limited to personal items (other than housing) By law consistent with human rights, so that what is produced by the individual (with assistance by capital goods) is private property By the community based on voluntary agreement (sometimes consistent with the principles of human rights, sometimes based on tradition and moral relativism By individuals in voluntary association (sometimes consistent with principles of human rights, sometimes based on tradition and moral relativism

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law Sanctioned Inequality Equality of Condition EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS CONTROLLED BY A privileged minority with minimal citizen participation A privileged minority, with citizen participation at local and regional level All citizens under a system of law guaranteeing individual liberty and narrowly defining the powers of the State Small, largely autonomous groups and loosely cooperating on matters affecting each other In the absence of the State, societal responsibilities contractually undertaken

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law Sanctioned Inequality Equality of Condition EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY RIGHTS Are defined and codified into law by the State and its privileged elite Are defined and codified into law by the State and its privileged bureaucracy Are attached to the individual as a human being, are protected by positive law and are consistent with reasoned principles of justice Are attached to the individual as a member of the group, are protected by positive law but may or may not be consistent with reasoned principles of justice Are defined under contractual agreements voluntarily negotiated, and may or may not be consistent with reasoned principles of justice

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TOTALITARIANISM STATE SOCIALISM COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM COMMUNITARIANISM ANARCHISM Liberalism Security Redistribution Policy Driven Positive Constraints Centralized Authority Delegated Democracy Liberty Natural Distribution Market Driven Moral/Ethical Constraints Decentralized Authority Participatory Democracy Positive Law Natural Law Sanctioned Inequality Equality of Condition EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY PROPERTY IN NATURE Sanctioned by the State, generally to the benefit of a privileged elite and to the exclusion of the overwhelming majority of people Held by the State and administered by bureaucratic agencies for the benefit of the privileged elite Defined by law as a privilege, with titles to nature a form of economic license the exchange value of which is collected by government as a societal fund for use in creating public infrastructure or distribution as a dividend to all citizens Conveyed to the group, with rights of usage allocated in some manner accepted as just by the citizens Sanctioned by private, contractual agreements with holdings protected by the force of universal acceptance

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END of Lesson Ten

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