15 - Understanding our Political Economy - current state of land marke

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Lesson 15 - Current State of Land Markets

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Understanding our Political Economy LESSON FIFTEEN The Current State of Land Markets

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“In the aftermath of the financial crisis, so-called alternative investments, such as infrastructure or farmland, are all the rage. Farmland itself is touted as providing a hedge against inflation. And because its value doesn't go up and down in sync with other assets like gold or currencies, it allows investors to successfully diversify their portfolios.”

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Neil Harl

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“While U.S. land values have fluctuated in recent years, it is reasonably clear that investors in the United States (including producer-investors) are capitalizing part of the returns from commodity production into land values. It is equally clear that investors (including producer-investors) are capitalizing part of the expected government subsidy payments into land values. …”

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“... Likewise, it is empirically verifiable in virtually all metropolitan areas, certainly in all metropolitan areas that are expanding horizontally, that expected economic benefits from development are being capitalized into land values, well before the conversion in land use occurs.” Neil E. Harl. “Competitiveness in Production of Agricultural Commodities: What Not to Consider”

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Cristina Milesi

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“Urbanisation in the southeastern U.S. has risen from 4.5% of total land area in 1992 to 6.4% in 2000, far above the national average of 3%. …We are replacing something that was extremely productive from an agricultural point of view with lawns, golf courses and a few scattered trees. …We are eating up all the prime land.”

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“Urban sprawl in the United States is also hard to slow, much less roll back, because numerous government policies actively encourage it. …Consider federal tax policy. ...”

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“The current system hits earnings and savings, while interposing preferences for selected economic activities such as home-buying or the bond issues that finance new sports stadiums, industrial parks and malls. This blend of incentives frequently over-stimulates the exodus of population and jobs from central cities to outlying areas.” Pietro S. Nivola. “Make Way for Sprawl,” The Washington Post , 1 June 1999

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56% is privately owned Of this private forest land, 62% is owned by families and individuals The remaining private forest land is owned by corporations, conservation organizations, clubs, Native American tribes, and others 44% is publicly owned The Federal government administers 76% of the public forest land State forestry, park, and wildlife agencies account for most of the 21% of public forest land that is state-owned

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Fred Foldvary Mason Gaffney Nicolaus Tideman Gordon Tullock

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Locations in our cities and towns – for businesses, residences and institutions Agricultural land Mineral, timber, grazing, and fisheries The broadcast spectrum for television and radio Internet domain names Licenses that restrict competition (e.g., taxi services and liquor licenses) Rights of way for utility lines, for routes taken by airplanes and for landing and takeoff time slots

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END OF LESSON FIFTEEN

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