benjamin franklin - april 2013 - narrated

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

Physiocratie, the political economy of Benjamin Franklin

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Physiocratie – the Political Economy of Benjamin Franklin:

Physiocratie – the Political Economy of Benjamin Franklin A Presentation by Edward J. Dodson, M.L.A .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Boston

PowerPoint Presentation:

“I was put to the grammar-school at eight years of age, my father intending to devote me, as the tithe of his sons, to the service of the Church. My early readiness in learning to read (which must have been very early, as I do not remember when I could not read), and the opinion of all his friends, that I should certainly make a good scholar, encouraged him in this purpose of his.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“…Franklin, provided with a few books, had been able to create practicable and unforgettable formulas which he used to infinite profit during his whole life and in the midst of a century which pushed intellectual and sentimental refinement to such extremes.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Deism

PowerPoint Presentation:

Philadelphia New York City

PowerPoint Presentation:

Sir William Keith Benjamin Franklin

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… that curious intellectual society of brilliant, dissolute men who met in the shadowy taverns and who sometimes slipped into the salons of the great.” Bernard Fay

PowerPoint Presentation:

Sir Hans Sloane

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Junto

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… to give mutual aid and protection.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… the riches of a country are to be valued by the quantity of labour its inhabitants are able to purchase.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Library Company: Fifth Street near Chestnut Street

PowerPoint Presentation:

“In France [Freemasonry] was freethinking and opposed to absolution. …The Masons of the most eminent lodge in France became his informal colleagues in the service of the new republic.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Philosophical Hall - Philadelphia

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… there are many in every province in circumstances that set them at ease and afford leisure to cultivate the finer arts and improve the common stock of knowledge.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“I enjoy, through mercy, a tolerable share of health. I read a great deal, ride a little, do a little business for myself, more for others, retire when I can, and go into company when I please; so the years roll round, and the last will come, when I would rather have it said ‘He lived usefully’ than ‘He died rich.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Land being thus plenty in America, and so cheap as that a labouring Man, that understands Husbandry, can in a short Time save Money enough to purchase a Piece of new Land sufficient for a Plantation, whereon he may subsist a Family; …”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… such are not afraid to marry; for if they even look far enough forward to consider how their Children when grown up are to be provided for, they see that more Land is to be had at Rates equally easy, all Circumstances considered.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Frederick Jackson Turner

PowerPoint Presentation:

Adam Smith David Hume

PowerPoint Presentation:

“While the government is mild and just, while important civil and religious rights are secure, such subjects will be dutiful and obedient. The waves do not rise but when the winds blow.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

David Hume

PowerPoint Presentation:

Francois Quesnay

PowerPoint Presentation:

“The Land is the source of Matter from whence all Wealth is produced” and “The Labour of man is the Form which produces it…”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Pierre Samuel Du Pont de Nemeurs

PowerPoint Presentation:

Anne Robert Jacques Turgot

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Clear the way and leave things alone.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… a fair field with no favors .”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“The best way to do good is not making [the poor] easy in poverty, but leading or driving them out of it.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“All food or substance for mankind arises from the earth or waters. …There seem to be but three ways for a nation to acquire wealth. The first is by war, as the Romans did, in plundering their conquered neighbours. This is robbery. …”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“The second by commerce, which is generally cheating. The third by agriculture, the only honest way, wherein man receives a real increase of the seed thrown into the ground, in a kind of continual miracle, wrought by the hand of God in his favor, as a reward for his innocent life and his virtuous industry.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“In those countries a small part of society are landlords, great noblemen, and gentlemen, extremely opulent, living in the highest affluence and magnificence; the bulk of the people tenants, living in the most sordid wretchedness in dirty hovels of mud and straw and clothed only in rags.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… the poverty and misery of the Irish people were an example of what might come to America if the old colonial system of exploitation were kept up. America must defend itself from such a future. America and Ireland had a common cause against England.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Your countenancing me has obtained for me many friends and much reputation, for which please accept my sincere thanks.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“For my own part, I thought it very hard to have the country set on fire about my ears almost the moment I got into it.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“The effect of paper currency is not understood on this side of the water. … This currency, as we manage it, is a wonderful machine. It performs its office when we issue it; it pays and clothes troops and provides victuals and ammunition; and when we are obliged to issue a quantity excessive, it pays itself off by depreciation.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… the lands are taken up and cultivated, and the excess of people … cannot get land [would those coming from the Old World have difficulty finding employment].”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… any difficulties or doubtfulness that may occur to you.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“I have not lost any of the principles of political economy you once knew me possessed of, but to get the bad customs of the country changed, and new ones, though better, introduced, it is necessary first to remove the prejudices of the people, enlighten their ignorance, and convince them their interests will be promoted by the proposed change; and this is not the work of a day. ...”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Our legislators are all landholders; and they are not yet persuaded that all taxes are finally paid by the land … therefore we have been forced into the mode of indirect taxes, i.e., duties on importation of goods.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

James Madison

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Madison shared the ideals and high hopes of Jefferson’s enlightened, philosophe circle in Paris, but his political tasks in the United States gave him a turn of mind inclined to dampen or amend Jefferson’s speculations. …”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Madison thought the unfortunate yet relentless way overpopulation caused human misery meant laws though helpful…, would never be able to abolish poverty. Likewise, the noble principle that the earth belonged to the living generation, … needed to be restrained and amended, les it upset vital and useful aids to order and stability.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“there is, perhaps, no legislative act in which greater opportunity and temptation are given to a predominant part to trample on the rules of justice.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… with regard to the landed interest … particularly in relation to taxes, …no tax can be laid on land which will not affect the proprietor of millions of acres as well as the proprietor of a single acre. Every landholder will therefore have a common interest to keep taxes on land as low as possible; and common interest may always be reckoned upon as the surest bond of sympathy.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Well, Doctor, what have we got, a republic or a monarchy? To which Franklin replied:

PowerPoint Presentation:

“A republic, if you can keep it.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

Charles Beard

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Speculation in western lands was one of the leading activities of capitalists in those days. …Furthermore, large areas had been bought outright for a few cents an acre and were being held for a rise in value. …”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“Every leading capitalist of the time thoroughly understood the relation of a new constitution to the rise in land values beyond the Alleghanies.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… the sage whom two worlds claimed as their own.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

“… he tore from the skies the lighting and from tyrants the sceptre.”

PowerPoint Presentation:

The End

authorStream Live Help