How the French Lost their Foothold in North America - narrated - part

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Edward J. Dodson, M.L.A. How the French Lost their Foothold in North America PART ONE

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Cape Breton Island

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William Shirley

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“… As chief representative of the American policy of France, I feel that, cost what it might, we must hold fast to Canada and link her to Louisiana not only with forts, … but, even more importantly, with no less than ten thousand settlers from the mother country. …”

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“These people, from all stations in our society, should be spread to settle and multiply in the broad valleys of the interior, to hold back the British Colonies and cramp their growth by confinement within narrow limits. …”

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“Already an ominous flow of British traders, against whom our forts have little control, moves westward from the mountains, even to beyond the Mississippi River. They are alienating the natives to our cause and close on their heels are coming land speculators with an eye to future English settlement.” Marquis de la Galissoniere, Governor of New France

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Albany, New York – late 17 th century

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“The Indians could scarcely believe what happened when William Johnson dealt with them. As was usual in trading deals, liquor flowed in abundance, but it was there that the common custom ended. …”

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“It was normal, after drinking to excess, for the braves to fall into drunken stupor and then awaken to find their pelts mostly gone as payment for the rum that had been drunk, and not enough skins left with which to buy clothes and blankets and ammunition for them and their families in the months ahead. …”

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“Not so when William Johnson dealt with them. This is what astounded them: when they came groggily erect the next morning, they found that the rum they had drunk was not charged against them, that their pelt bundles were intact, and that an excellent deal awaited them in the trade.”

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William Johnson

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END OF PART ONE

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