Tyler - his curriculum model

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Category: Education
     
 

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Overview of this very important beginning point for curriculum developers.

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A Curriculum Model based on the work of Ralph Tyler:

A Curriculum Model based on the work of Ralph Tyler Source: Madeus, G.F., & Stufflebeam, D.L. (1989). Educational evaluation: The works of Ralph Tyler .Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Press.

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A Definition of Curriculum ( Daniel Tanner, 19 80 ) “ The planned and guided learning experiences and intended learning outcomes, formulated through the systematic reconstruction of knowledge and experiences, under the auspices of the school, for the learners’ continuous and willful growth in personal social competence. ”

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Curriculum Models Are based on a body of theory about teaching & learning. Are targeted to needs & characteristics of a particular group of learners. Outline approaches, methods & procedures for implementation.

The Tyler Model of Curriculum Design:

The Tyler Model of Curriculum Design The nature & structure of knowledge The needs of the society The needs of the learner

Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum :

Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum What educational purposes should the school seek to attain?

Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum :

Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum What educational experiences can be provided that are likely to attain these purposes?

Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum:

Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum How can these educational experiences be effectively organized?

Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum:

Fundamental Questions in Developing Curriculum How can we determine whether and to what extent these purposes are being attained?

The Nature & Structure of Knowledge:

The Nature & Structure of Knowledge Selection of subject matter Organization of subject matter or discipline Theoretical basis of methods & approaches

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Philosophy of Education Goals & Aims General Instructional Objectives Specific Instructional Objectives & Outcomes Task Analysis & Content Selection Learning Activities Curriculum Development Process

Selection of Subject Matter:

Selection of Subject Matter Criteria: Relevance, importance, priority Scope: Amount, depth of coverage, concentration Sequence: Hierarchy & progression of complexity or difficulty

Organization of Subject Matter:

Organization of Subject Matter Discrete subjects or courses Broad fields or disciplines Core or interdisciplinary Skills or processes Projects & activities

Approaches to Subject Matter:

Approaches to Subject Matter Textual Experimental Developmental Psycho-social Experiential

Needs of the Learner:

Needs of the Learner Cognitive development Linguistic development Psycho-social development Moral/affective development Vocational focus

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Self - Actualization Self - Esteem Love & Belonging Safety Physiological Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs

The Needs of Society:

The Needs of Society Literacy Vocational skills Social order & morality Interpersonal skills Transmission of values & culture Creativity & innovation

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