Module 6 - Tables Figures - APA 6th ed

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APA Style - Tables - Figures - Texas State University - EDCL - Educational Leadership

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TABLES & FIGURES:

TABLES & FIGURES APA 6 th Edition Trae Stewart, Ph.D., Associate Professor & EDCL Program Coordinator Zane Wubbena, M.A., Ph.D. Student – School Improvement (Updated July 2014)

Overview:

APA 6 th Edition Guidelines: Table /Figure Overview Video Tables Uses Formatting Examples Figures Uses Formatting Examples Helpful Resources Overview

Guidelines (Tables & Figures):

Guidelines (Tables & Figures) Empirical study - Clarifies results and findings Literature review - Relevant research overview (Organize info. by category) Do not presented data in table/figure and in text of manuscript Tables and figures report complex data that would be confusing if presented in text M eans and standard deviations can be reported in tables Figures are often used to represent interactions between variables Figures can be used to diagram conceptual frameworks or models

Guidelines (Tables & Figures):

Guidelines (Tables & Figures) Placement of table or figure for publication depends on either: APA Manual, or Journal’s Author Guide Table/ f igure referred to in text and placed at end of manuscript (see order below): 1) Title Page, 2) Abstract, 3) Text, 4) R eferences, 5) Footnotes, 6) Tables, 7) Figures, and 8) Appendix Tables and Figures for classwork (dissertations, reports, etc.): Check professor and/or dissertation guide/committee Table and Figure often placed in text for readability

Guidelines (Tables & Figures):

Guidelines ( Tables & Figures) Three parts of a table(or figure) Reference table in-text (e.g., Table 1…) Indicated where to place table (or figure) Included table (or figure) after reference section Tables should be inserted on a new page after the references and footnotes, but before any figures Note: Often not all manuscripts include footnotes and/or figures Author(s) may suggest placement of table (or figure) in manuscript Referencing table (or figure) in text can take many forms. Examples: Table 1 show… … (See Table 1). … shown in Table 1.

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Overview (Video Tutorial)

Tables (Uses):

Tables (Uses) Reports important findings from study Often reports means and/or standard deviations Presents, compares, and/or contrast data/results Clean/clear tables are understandable at glance

Tables (Formatting) :

Tables (Formatting) List tables: Table 1, Table 2, etc. T able description in italics ( not indented) Text (i.e., font, Times New Roman; size,12 -point font) . Use single - spacing, one -and-a-half spacing, or double spacing Portrait or landscape orientation No vertical lines in tables T able note included information necessary to understand table, definitions, abbreviations Create APA Style Tables in MS Excel Create APA Style Tables in SPSS: StatsBlogs.com

Tables (Example):

Tables (Example) A description of the table in italics, not indented Begin with “Table 1”, then “Table 2”, etc. A table note provides other information to understand the table Notice that vertical lines are not used Single, 1.5, or double space may be used l abeled columns

Figures (Uses):

Figures (Uses) Represent interactions between variables; types: graphs, charts, maps, drawings, photographs C omplex results are understandable at glance Bar Chart Years range = Independent Variable (IV) Number of publications = Dependent Variable (DV)

Figures (Formatting):

Figures (Formatting) Text ( i.e., font, Arial ; size, 8-14) Label (i.e., X-axes, Y-axes) Legend Capitalize all major words Located within figure box Caption Located below figure Explanation and title of figure Figure on separate page at end of manuscript after references, footnotes, and table

Figure (Example - Bar Graph):

Figure (Example - Bar Graph) L egend c aption with figure number L abeled x-axis L abeled y-axis Figure 1. Addition and subtraction fluency according to non-/conservation levels

Helpful Resources:

Helpful Resources Purdue OWL APA 6 th edition Manual pp. 128–150 Tables pp. 150–167 Figures Visit Other APA Style (6 th ed.) Modules In This Series

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