Module 5 - Citations DOI References - APA 6th ed

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Citations DOI References APA 6th ed. Texas State University Education and Community Leadership EDCL

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CITATIONS, DOI, & REFERENCES:

CITATIONS, DOI, & REFERENCES APA 6 th Edition Trae Stewart, Ph.D., Associate Professor & EDCL Program Coordinator Zane Wubbena, M.A., Ph.D. Student – School Improvement (Updated July 2014)

Overview:

Overview APA 6 th Edition Citations Indirect (and narrative) Direct (and narrative ) Long Quote Secondary S ource Interview DOI (Digital Object Identifier) References Video Tutorial (References) Journal Articles Online Resources/Website Books & Organizations Other Print Sources Interviews Video Tutorial (Reference Section) Self Quiz Helpful Resources

Citation In-text (Indirect-narrative) :

APA requires in-text citations Indirect in-text citations (i.e., not a direct quote) follow author-year methods Author(s) Year Direct in-text citation (short quote < 40 words) Direct in-text citation (long quote > 40 words) Page Number (e.g., p. X ). C itations in-text ( direct, indirect, blocked) are included in reference section at end of manuscript Citation In-text (Indirect-narrative)

Citation In-Text (Indirect):

Citation In-Text (Indirect) Indirect (paraphrase) citations (i.e., not a direct quote) Enclosed with parentheses A uthors last name, comma, year of publication Period of sentence after closed parenthesis Paraphrased sentence Comma Authors last name Year of publication Period (end of sentence) Open & c losed parentheses

Citation In-Text (Indirect-Narrative) :

Citation In-Text (Indirect-Narrative) Period (end of sentence) Past tense or past present tense Narrative indirect (paraphrase) citation (i.e., not a direct quote) Author-date method: name with y ear enclosed by parentheses Verb past tense (e.g., suggested) or past present tense (e.g., has suggested) Subsequent citing in paragraph requires only author name Year of publication Authors last name Paraphrased sentence Open & c losed parentheses

Citation In-Text (Direct) :

Citation In - Text (Direct) D irect in-text citations (i.e., direct quote) Citation enclosed by parentheses A uthors last name followed by a comma Year of publication followed by comma Page number of quoted text Quoted sentence Commas Authors last name Year of publication Period (end of sentence) Open parenthesis Close parenthesis “p.” = Page Period Quotation marks – opened & closed

Citation In-Text (Direct-Narrative) :

Narrative direct in-text citations (i.e., quote ) Author-date method: name with year enclosed by parentheses Verb past tense (e.g., suggested) or past present tense (e.g., has suggested) Enclose textual quote with quotation marks Included page number in parentheses—e.g., (p. X ). Quoted sentence Year of publication Period (end of sentence) Open parenthesis Close parenthesis Past tense or past present tense Authors last name Citation In - Text (Direct-Narrative) Quotation m arks – open and closed Period “p.” = Page Page number from text

Citation In-Text (Long Quote) :

Citation In-Text ( Long Quote) L ong quote: 40 or more words long Indent text of long quote: .05” Period before ( not after) citation Quoted text 40 or more words long NOTE: Period before citation on a block quote Author Y ear published p. a nd page #

Citing In-Text (Two Authors):

Citing In-Text ( Two Authors) Two Authors A mpersand (i.e., &) between last name of authors followed by comma and year enclosed by parentheses N arrative citation write out “and” between authors and put year in parentheses A ll subsequent citations in paragraph require only authors’ names D irect quotes require page number after quoted text

Citing In-Text (Three to Five Authors):

Citing In-Text ( Three to Five Authors) Three to Five Authors Cite all of the 3 -5 authors the first time Only cite the first authors thereafter N arrative citation write out “and” before the last author with year in parentheses S ubsequent narrative citations require the first author’s name followed by “et al.”

Citing In-Text (Six or More Authors):

Citing In-Text (Six or More Authors) Six or More Authors F irst author’s name followed by et al. and year enclosed in parentheses No period after “et” and no comma after “al.” (i.e., et al. ) D irect quotes require page number with citation or after quoted text

Citing In-Text (Secondary Sources):

Citing In-Text ( Secondary Sources) Cite text discussed in secondary source by providing both primary and secondary sources Stewart and Wubbena is the primary source mentioned by Chomsky (2003) — the secondary source S econdary source is included in reference section

Citing In-Text (Interview):

Citing In-Text ( Interview) APA references are for traceable items that can be used by others Interviews are not recoverable data Personal interviews should be referenced as a parenthetical in-text citation : Month-Day, Year Communication types Parenthesis – Opened & Closed Last name follow by comma (“,”) First initial followed by period (“.”)

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) :

DOI (Digital Object Identifier) Digital Object Identifier (DOI) unique alphanumeric code assigned to online publications DOI more stable than URL link (URL may change) Two types of DOIs provided at end of article reference d oi: 10.1016 /j.lindif.2013.01.013 http:// dx.doi.org /10.1016/j.lindif.2013.01.013 Use CrossRef.org to find unknown DOI DOI is located after the page # range and period

PowerPoint Presentation:

DOI (Search Engine) http:// dx.doi.org / Type DOI here

PowerPoint Presentation:

DOI (DOI & URL Flowchart)

References (Video Tutorial):

References ( Video Tutorial)

References (Journal Article) :

References (Journal Article) Format for j ournal a rticle r eference Double - spaced Hanging indent 0.5 ” Last name followed by comma First initial followed by period Middle initial followed by period and comma Ampersand “&” Year enclosed in parenthesis followed by period Title of article - First letter capitalized and first letter after colon capitalized Title of journal in italics Volume # in italics (no space before issue #) Issue # in parenthesis followed by comma Page number range En dash “–”

References (Article Examples):

References (Article Examples) One Author Two to Seven Authors [List all authors] DOI URL

References (Online Resources/Websites):

References ( Online Resources/Websites) General Form Newspaper Article Online Encyclopedias and Dictionaries Online Report w/ No Author and No Date

References (Books & Organizations):

References ( Books & Organizations) General Form One Author Organization Author

References (Other Print Sources):

References ( Other Print Sources) Magazine Article Newspaper Article Chapter in a Book Dissertation

References (Interviews):

References ( Interviews) If you want to include a personal interview as part of your APA reference list, then include: the interviewee, the date of the interview, and the type of interview . For example:

Reference Section (Video Tutorial):

Reference Section ( Video Tutorial)

Reference self-quiz:

Reference self-quiz

Instructions:

Instructions For each of the following four examples, provide a correct reference in APA Style (6 th edition). Gather information: WHY = identify the type of reference WHO = author WHEN = year WHAT = title of document WHERE = specific volume/issue of journal, website, or book in which published, including page numbers HOW = should it be formatted? Use examples and general templates in this module or in the APA Style Manual A correct answer follows each example

Self-Quiz #1:

Self-Quiz #1

Self-Quiz #1 Answer:

Self-Quiz #1 Answer Authored Book Babb , L.A., & Laws, R. (1997). Adopting and advocating for the special needs child: A guide for parents and professionals . Westport , CT: Bergin & Garvey .

Self-Quiz #1:

Self-Quiz #1 Chapter by J.P. Allan and D. Land called “Attachment in Adolescence ” on pages 19-25

Self-Quiz #2 Answer:

Self-Quiz #2 Answer Chapter from an Edited Book Allan , J.P., & Land, D. (1999). Attachment in adolescence. In J. Cassidy & P.R . Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment : Theory , research, and clinical applications (pp. 19–25 ) . New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Self-Quiz #3:

Self-Quiz #3 http://www.psych.org/Departments/EDU/Library/APAOfficialDocumentsandRelated/PositionStatements/200205.aspx

Self-Quiz #3 Answer:

Self-Quiz #3 Answer Website American Psychiatric Association. (2014). Reactive Attachment Disorder . Retrieved from http :// www.psych.org/Departments?EDU/ Library/ APAOfficialDocumentsandRelated / PositionStatements /200205.aspx

Self-Quiz #4:

Self-Quiz #4

Self-Quiz #4 Answer:

Self-Quiz #4 Answer Journal Article Vasquez Heilig , J., & Darling-Hammond , L. (2008 ). Accountability Texas-style: The progress and learning of urban minority students in a high-stakes testing context . Education Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 30 (2 ), 75–110 .  

Helpful Resources:

Helpful Resources Purdue OWL APA 6 th edition Manual Visit Other APA Style (6 th ed.) Modules In This Series

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