endangered species of animals in estonia

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Endangered species of animals in Estonia:

Endangered species of animals in Estonia Tarvastu Gymnasium 2010

General information:

General information We have 78 species of animals under protection in Estonia Main reasons are: decreasing number and destroyed habitats due to human actions in nature, and pollution Today people need licence to even record the voices and filming nesting places of those animals Moreover, it is forbidden to tell about the habitat of any such animals on TV or in newspapers, or even on the Internet People are forbidden to walk in the nesting areas during nesting season (spring-summer)

Small Falcon:

Small Falcon Migratory bird Lives in the areas with fields, swamps, bogs and small forests Builds its nest of small pebbles, or uses the nest of crows and ravens Endangered because we only have very few of them, as their living places are not in good condition in many places – too much noise around.

Grey owl:

Grey owl The biggest owl in Estonia Lives in boggy places, in fir-tree and mixed forests Peaceful bird, the only enemies are wolf and lynx (attack very rarely) Endangered because of a lot of poaching Does not even nest in Estonia any more; only old birds visit us.

Sea eagle:

Sea eagle Our biggest raptor Lives near water in mixed and fir-tree forests, most favourite living place is in pine forests Nests can be found on the top of pine trees Endangered as the number has decreased because of pesticides used in the fields, and poisoning dead animal flesh in forests (not any more but in Soviet times, until 1990) Today their number has increased because of protective actions in their living places

Green toad:

Green toad “Scabrous” skin. When gets older, spots become bigger. Does not move much, eats insects from the ground Moves around at nights Lives in dry places, even in the gardens Hibernates in winter, uses rodents’ dens as “sleeping place” Spawns in water Endangered because people’s actions have polluted the water the toad spawns in.

Black stork:

Black stork Beautiful bird Lives in old forests and deserted bogs Loves to be alone Eats frogs and fish Makes its nest high up on a tree, on side branches and uses the nest for many years We have only 150-200 “couples” Endangered because people destroy their nests when cutting down trees for furniture, construction, paper, etc When somebody discovers the stork’s nest, the area is instantly under protection

Flying squirrel:

Flying squirrel Big eyes because active at nights Does not fly (as name says), it glides and uses its tail to “brake” Spends almost all life on trees, does not come down on the ground Living places are old aspen forests (old trees have cavities – makes its nest into them) Endangered because we have very few of them left People have cut down old forests – destroyed their habitats When a tree with its nest is found, the area instantly becomes protected

European mink:

European mink A small preditor Lives half a time in water Good swimmer and diver Active at nights Lives on the bank of small rapid and clean rivers or creeks Makes nest into a tree cavity The species is completely “lost” Reason: because of human action on the shores, their habitats have been disturbed and destroyed. Also many of them are victims of poaching. Today a zoo is dealing with their rehabilitation into wild nature again

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