Environmental Issues

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Environmental Issues:

Environmental Issues in EUROPE

Manufacturing of goods :

Manufacturing of goods

Industry =:

Industry = Industry =

Slide 5:

i n Germany

Acid rain =:

Acid rain = Rain mixed with pollutants in the air

Slide 8:

Gases are released into air by burning of fossil fuels, like coal or oil

Early half of 1900s: East Germany burned massive amounts of brown coal:

Early half of 1900s: East Germany burned massive amounts of brown coal

Slide 10:

Brown coal gives off a gas called sulphur dioxide when burned.

Effects of Acid Rain:

Effects of Acid Rain FORESTS: More than ½ of Germany’s trees have been damaged or killed by acid rain

Effects of Acid Rain:

Effects of Acid Rain BODIES OF WATER: Rain pollutes rivers and lakes, killing fish as well as the plants and microscopic organisms that fish need to survive

Effects of Acid Rain:

Effects of Acid Rain BUILDINGS: Acid rain eats away at brick and stonework buildings – some losing up to 4% of their weight each year

Slide 18:

Who should be concerned?

To combat acid rain, :

To combat acid rain, Germany has made strict changes to coal production practices: closed old, inefficient factories made efforts to change to less polluting fuels like oil & natural gas created laws to reduce pollution Factories pay fines if they don’t reduce emissions Cars must have converters on exhaust systems

Slide 20:

Air Pollution in the U.K. United Kingdom

Smog =:

Smog = A visible haze of air pollution over cities

Air Pollution in UK:

Air Pollution in UK Past: caused by emissions from factories or homes burning coal

Great London Smog of 1952:

Great London Smog of 1952 Smog hovered over cities, leading to 4,000 deaths

Air Pollution in UK:

Air Pollution in UK Today: caused by emissions from cars & trucks and ozone

Pollutants from cars include carbon monoxide & nitrous oxides:

Pollutants from cars include carbon monoxide & nitrous oxides They hover close to the ground, contaminating the air people breathe.

Ozone:

f orms when air pollutants interact with sunlight Ozone

Slide 28:

Air Pollution c an lead to many health problems

To combat air pollution, :

To combat air pollution, The U.K. has t ightened emissions standards for vehicles endorsed the use of cleaner fuels urged citizens to use public transportation buses s ubway systems

Slide 31:

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