The War in Afghanistan

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The War in Afghanistan : 

The War in Afghanistan Analyze the Causes and Effects

Afghanistan : 

Afghanistan What is this land like?

Basics : 

Basics Population = 32 million Size = Texas Language = Afghan Persian 70 different languages Ethnicity = Mixed Pastun 50% Associate with Tribes Literacy Rate = 36% Land = Mountain and Desert Landlocked

Afghan History : 

Afghan History Diverse Nation Conquered in past by: Persians, Romans, Ottomans, British Won Independence from Great Britain in 1919 1978 Civil War

Afghan History : 

Afghan History 1979 Soviet Invasion ? Beat USSR in 89’ w/ USA aid 1989 – 1996 – Civil War ? Taliban wins Taliban “seekers of knowledge” govt. in power Harsh & repressive government Radical Muslims Drug Trade (Heroin) ? Famine Extreme Poverty

USSR vs. Afghanistan 1979 - 1989 : 

USSR vs. Afghanistan 1979 - 1989

Soviets leaving Afghanistan 1989 : 

Soviets leaving Afghanistan 1989

Slide 10: 

Taliban Police

Slide 11: 

Public Execution in 1999

Slide 12: 

1,500 year old Buddha statues March 2001

Opium – poppy plants : 

Opium – poppy plants

Poppy seed : 

Poppy seed

Heroin : 

Heroin

September 11, 2001 : 

September 11, 2001 How does this relate to Afghanistan?

The War in AfghanistanOperation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan : 

The War in AfghanistanOperation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan September 11, 2001 The Attackers and their Motivation Planning of the Attacks The Hijackers Osama bin Laden & Khalid Sheikh Mohammed US-led Coalition Response Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan Effects of the War in Afghanistan

Questions Page : 

Questions Page Which attack alarmed you the most? Why?

Al-Qaeda : 

Al-Qaeda Claims responsibility for attack on USA Taliban harbors and is allied with Osama bin Laden

Al-Qaeda Alliance with Taliban : 

Al-Qaeda Alliance with Taliban 1996 Osama bin Laden moves from Sudan to Afghanistan Leader of Al-Qaeda

Slide 28: 

Al-Qaeda Network

Soviets in Afghanistan 1988 : 

Soviets in Afghanistan 1988

Thanks USA : 

Thanks USA

Slide 32: 

Why did these people want to attack America? Do you feel their actions are justified?

9/11 : 

9/11 Men who Hijacked planes

Slide 35: 

Hi-jacker

Slide 36: 

Today, what problems would terrorists have in planning similar attacks on the US?

Osama bin Laden : 

Osama bin Laden ?

Slide 39: 

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed Architect of 9/11 Captured

How does the USA respond? : 

How does the USA respond? Tells Taliban to: deliver Al-Qaeda leaders to USA release all US citizens in jails protect foreigners in Afghanistan Close terrorist facilities Does the Taliban accept?

Slide 42: 

Do you feel an attack on a country that harbors terrorists is justifiable?

Operation Enduring Freedom : 

Operation Enduring Freedom Invade Afghanistan (Oct. 7, 2001) Mission: 1) Capture Osama bin Laden 2) Destroy Al-Qaeda network 3) Remove Taliban Regime

NATO : 

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization “committed to preserving peace through international cooperation and collective (joint) security.” Have given forces to War in Afghanistan (49 countries – now 37)

Americans in Helmand Province 2007 : 

Americans in Helmand Province 2007

Afghan Man : 

Afghan Man Friend or Foe?

Where’s Osama? : 

Where’s Osama? Rumor has it … Pakistan Why so tough to find?

Questions : 

Questions Do you feel the USA and Congress made the right decision to attack the Taliban in 2001? Question: Why do you think the US, with the most powerful military in the world, and its allies, have not been able to totally subdue the Taliban?

What are the problems? : 

What are the problems? Friend or Foe? Suicide Bombers Taliban Aid from Iran Taliban Aid from Russia Drug Trade Flourishes (92% of World’s Heroin) Famine Never known democracy Extreme Islamic Groups Human Shields Mountains and Terrain Border crossing Inadequate amount of US troops Untrained Afghani Troops Abuse of Detainees by U.S. Forces Civilian Casualties +3,000 Deaths

Taliban : 

Taliban “Thanks Iran!”

Successful or Unsuccessful? : 

Successful or Unsuccessful? New Government in Afghanistan Unstable however Taliban no longer in control Yet have re-emerged (quadrupled in size) in SE Afghanistan & now parts of Pakistan NATO losing control in region Osama bin Laden can’t be found Sanctuary in Pakistan? 7 ½ year war – Obama deploying troops to the region Declared a Failed State by U.N.

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