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For instance- Air Water Nourishment Sleep Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs : Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Everyone has these physiological needs and you cannot survive without them. According to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, physiological needs are at the bottom of this pyramid. ("Motivation," 2009) This is because these needs must be established before building onto the foundation. If your physiological needs are not established then you can’t exist. Motives Serve to Satisfy Needs : Motives Serve to Satisfy Needs According to Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition, 10/1/2009, p1-1, “Motivation, in psychology, is the intention of achieving a goal, leading to goal-directed behavior.” ("Motivation," 2009) Which leads me to my next point, every human has a drive to do something. This drive is an innate biological mechanism. In turn you learn these mechanisms and use them to your advantage to survive. Satisfying Your Needs : Satisfying Your Needs Biological needs Higher needs Food Water Oxygen Rest & sleep Activity Vitamins & minerals pH balance Temperature (98.6 or close to it) Excretion Sex Avoid pain Companionship (love) Friends (belongingness) Safety & security Esteem Self-actualization, which according to dictionary.com, states, “the achievement of one's full potential through creativity, independence, spontaneity, and a grasp of the real world.” ("Dictionary.com," 2009) Drives Vs. Motives : Drives Vs. Motives Drives serve to fulfill biological needs or a physiological deficiency. Drive-to strive vigorously toward a goal or objective ("Dictionary.com," 2009). Motives serve to fulfill needs not required by your body. Motive- something that causes a person to act in a certain way, do a certain thing, etc.; incentive ("Dictionary.com," 2009). What Plays an Important Role in Motivation? : What Plays an Important Role in Motivation? Beliefs are one of the most important role players in one’s motivation to act in any manner. Positive Reinforcement from others let us know if they have expectations for us, which in turn influences our actions. It is vital to each individual that we have and uphold one’s own beliefs. Don’t be quick to judge. Be open to new ideas and activities but be wary of what you believe is wrong and right. Intrinsic Motivation : Intrinsic Motivation “Intrinsic motivation is the energy source that is central to the active nature of the organism.” (Deci, & Ryan, 1985) The points in this were that not all behaviors are drive-based, and they are not a function of external controls either. If a person is intrinsically motivated then they are one following one’s interests. These behaviors are based in four primary drives. All that happen to be physiological needs. Empirical Drive Theory : Empirical Drive Theory Four primary drives: Hunger Thirst Sex Avoidance of pain Drives provide the energy for behavior. Behavior is then reinforced by a primary reinforcer, that supports the behavior. This in turn strengthens the various responses. (Deci, & Ryan, 1985) Continued : Continued There is a secondary reinforcer. Exploration from curiosity is a reinforcer by itself. But only with periodical repairs from the primary reinforcer (Deci, & Ryan, 1985). “If exploration is to be considered a drive, it must have the same functional properties as the established drives such as hunger, thirst, and sex.” (Deci, & Ryan, 1985) One New Drive Explanation : One New Drive Explanation For example, if boredom is said to cause exploration, then you will only return to a boredom state again. “Attempting to use the drive theory approach to explain intrinsically motivated behaviors such as exploration and manipulation did prove useful, however, in that it clearly isolated this motivation source as being different from drives. (Deci, & Ryan, 1985). A Clear Distinction : A Clear Distinction Drives are based in non-nervous system tissue deficits. (Deci, & Ryan, 1985) This clearly means that the difference between intrinsic motivation and drives is physiological not psychological. The two types of motivation you have at birth is now distinct. It is based on a non-nervous-system tissue deficit (Deci, & Ryan, 1985). Conclusion : Conclusion Now I hope you have more of an understanding of your physiological needs and the difference between motives and drives. Remember a motive is your intentions while a drive is striving for a goal or objective. You are now informed and fully aware of what your body needs to survive and why it is that way. References : References Book Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York, NY: Plenum Press. Online Resource (2009). Dictionary.com. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/self+actualization http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Drives http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/motives Journal Article (2009). Motivation. Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition, p1-1. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.