native american literature

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Presentation Description

Discuss three Native American literature origin myths and the Iroquois Constitution. Also the history of Native American language.

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By: marthajburns (41 month(s) ago)

This is an excellent presentation that complements the myths we teach in 11th grade in my district.

Presentation Transcript

Native American Literature : 

By: Vista Townsend Native American Literature

Myths : 

The purpose of myths is to seek to explain or rationalize one or more aspects of the world or a society. Myths usually have religious or supernatural elements and have a character that is immortal Origin myth— a myth that explains how something began Myths

Creation Myths : 

Many cultures around the world have stories about creation. Three Native American creations myths : The Earth on Turtle’s Back ~ Onondaga When Grizzlies Walked Upright ~ Modoc Navajo Origin Legend ~ Navajo Creation Myths

Oral language : 

Oral language The languages of Native American tribes were never written down before the English arrived from Europe. Their stories were passed verbally from generation to generation.

Language of North America : 

Language of North America

Forgotten Languages : 

The population of the native civilizations of the current territory of the United States fell from about 20 million to the present level of less than 2 million. Beyond the shrinking size of the ethnic populations, the languages have also suffered due to the prevalence of English among those of Native American ancestry. Most Native American languages have ceased to exist, or are spoken only by older speakers, with whom the language will die in the coming decades. Forgotten Languages

Remaining Speakers : 

Only 8 indigenous languages of the area of the continental United States currently have a population of speakers in the U.S. and Canada large enough to populate a medium-sized town. Only Navajo still has a population of greater than 25,000 within the U.S. Remaining Speakers

Code Talkers in WW II : 

During World War II, bilingual Native Americans , mainly Navajo, transmitted messages through codes for the United States Army. The codes were never broken by the enemy. The Navajos could encode, transmit, and decode a three–line message in 20 seconds. Machines used at that time to perform the same operation took 30 minutes. Code Talkers in WW II

Slide 9: 

The Earth on Turtle’s Back

Time period and literary style : 

This story is a legend that was written by the Onondaga Tribe. It displays the emphases they placed on dreams It was most likely written before the Europeans came to America in the late 1400’s. There is no exact time period in which it was written. This legend was passed down from generation to generation. Time period and literary style

Author’s purpose : 

Origin myth which describe the creation of the earth. Shows that weaker and smaller animals can accomplish things that larger and stronger animals have failed to complete Teaches that you have determination nothing will stand in your way. Author’s purpose

Slide 12: 

Imagery—images formed in reader’s mind relating to story example: tree, water world, turtle Repetition—repeating something over and over example, when the Muskrat was swimming, the author repeated the idea of swimming deeper to show how much determination the Muskrat had Imagery & Repetition

Modoc : 

Modoc When Grizzlies Walked Upright Captain Jack

Time period and literary style : 

Time period—Before the Europeans came to American in the late 1400’s by the Modoc tribe Origin myth explaining “The Sky Spirit” creates the earth, and the creation of the Native Americans. Time period and literary style

Author’s purpose : 

Explains the creation of Mount Shasta and the land and animals nearby. Tells how the daughter of the Sky Spirit marries a bear and their children become the first Native Americans. The Native Americans living around the mountain would never kill a grizzly bear because of this story. Author’s purpose

Slide 16: 

The Sky Spirit had cursed the grizzlies by saying, “Get down on your hands and knees. You have wronged me, and from this moment all of you will walk on four feet and never talk again.” The Sky Spirit Chief behaved like a human when he used anger to punish the grizzlies. Conflict

Slide 17: 

The Navajo Origin Legend

Slide 18: 

Navajo woman with her children The time period of the story was when the Native Americans lived before the English people came to America. The Navajo told the myths verbally, passing them from generation to generation. Time Period

Author's purpose : 

The purpose of the story is to examine how the Navajo people believed the human race was created The Navajo people believed these stories were true. It is a origin myth telling how marriage began. Author's purpose

Literary techniques & author purpose : 

The author used symbolism in the literature. The corn was placed facing east and west, relating to the passage of the sun The man and woman were created from the corn and the buckskin. The corn & deer are basic foods which provide life for the Navajo. The four gods represent the four directions of the wind which gave life to the humans. Literary techniques & author purpose

Slide 21: 

The Iroquois Constitution

Slide 22: 

"The Iroquois Constitution" was first thought to have been written in the 1500's, but a newer theory believes it to be between 1090 and 1150 A.D. Five Nations that formed the Iroquois Confederation included the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca tribes. Time Period

Slide 23: 

The author uses imagery to help the reader picture what the author is describing. “Tree of the Great Peace” can be picture in your head. The author also uses symbolism. The tree symbolism the Iroquois Confederate The roots of that tree symbolized peace and strength. Imagery & Symbolism

Slide 24: 

The Iroquois Constitution set forth a series of laws, forming a government that any could join if they wished to obey the laws. At the beginning of counsel meetings, the Iroquois gave thanks to the Creator for the natural world. Government

Sources : 

Wikispaces http://beginnings-1750-p5.wikispaces.com/from+The+Navajo+Origin+Legend The Constitution of the Iroquois Nations http://www.indigenouspeople.net/iroqcon.htm Native America Languages http://www.cogsci.indiana.edu/farg/rehling/nativeAm/ling.html Sources

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