Affixes

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Presentation Transcript

Affixes : 

Affixes Prefix and Suffix

What does it mean? : 

What does it mean? A word element (morpheme)--usually a prefix or suffix--that can be attached to a base, stem, or root to form a new word. Noun: affixation. Adjective: affixable. Etymology: From the Latin, "fasten“ We have two kinds of affixes: Prefix suffix

Affixes : 

Affixes Adding affixes to existing words (the base or root) to form new words is common in academic English. We can add affixes to the beginning of a word .It is called prefix We can add affixes to the end of the word. It is called suffix.

prefixes : 

prefixes

Prefixes : 

Prefixes prefix + verb> verb

Verbal prefixes : 

Verbal prefixes The most common prefixes used to form new verbs are: re-, dis-, over-, un-, mis-, out-. Retype Disappear Overwhelm Untie Misplace outreach

Nominal prefixes : 

Nominal prefixes The most common prefixes that is used with nouns are the following: Antibiotic Biochemistry Chemotherapy Ziology

Nominal prefixes : 

Nominal prefixes prefix + noun >noun

Adjective prefixes : 

Adjective prefixes negative + adjective> adjective Many adjectives are formed from a base of a different class with a suffix

Adverbial prefixes : 

Adverbial prefixes

Suffixes : 

Suffixes

suffixes : 

suffixes Suffixes are endings that are added to root words. We have a lot of endings that can be added to the root of the word

Kinds of suffixes : 

Kinds of suffixes there are four kinds of suffixes. 1. Nominal suffixes2. Verbal suffixes3. Adjectival suffixes4. Adverbial suffixes

1-Verbal suffixes : 

1-Verbal suffixes suffixes which are attached before the verbs and forms new words.

Verbal suffixes : 

Verbal suffixes

2-Nominal Suffixes : 

2-Nominal Suffixes Suffix added to a verb ,noun or adjective> noun

Verbs >nouns : 

Verbs >nouns

Adjectives>nouns : 

Adjectives>nouns

Nouns >nouns : 

Nouns >nouns

Adjective suffixes : 

Adjective suffixes . Suffix added to verbs or nouns >adjective

Adjectives : 

Adjectives Many adjectives are formed from a base of a different class with a suffix (e.g. -less, -ous). Adjectives can also be formed from other adjectives, especially by the negative prefixes (un-, in- and non-). The most common suffixes are -al, -ent, -ive, -ous, -ful, -less

Verb or Noun > Adjective : 

Verb or Noun > Adjective

Rules of affixes : 

Rules of affixes

Nominal suffixes : 

Nominal suffixes It derives the abstract nouns from verbs, adjectives and nouns

Nominal suffixes : 

Nominal suffixes –age: This is used to express an activity as in cover­age, leakage, orphanage etc.–al : This suffix is added to verbs to form abstract nouns and denotes an action like in arrival, renewal etc.–ance: This also vary asence, ancy, ency. This is used along with verbs to create the words such as retardance, absorbance etc.–ant: This is used to form count nouns like attractant, dispersant etc

Nominal suffixes : 

Nominal suffixes –cy/-ce: This suf­fix attaches with nouns and forms adjectives like agency, presidency etc. The suffix –cy is used to denote the qual­ity, states, properties or facts. The examples in which this –cy suffix is used are convergence, divergence etc.–ee: This is attached with the nouns and denotes or qualifies the job of a per­son from the noun form of the job. The words with this suf­fix are employee, biographee, amputee etc.–ion: This is one of the suf­fixes that we use often. This can be com­bined with –ify and forms the combined suffix of –ification and used with the works like personification

Nominal suffixes : 

Nominal suffixes When this –ion is com­bined with –ate forms another suf­fix –ation which is used in the words like star­va­tion.–ism: This forms the abstract nouns from the nouns, adjec­tives and deriv­a­tives and expresses the atti­tude, state, con­di­tion, the­ory or beliefs. Some of these words are Marx­ism, Bud­dhism, Jain­ism

More nominal suffixes : 

More nominal suffixes –ship used in the words like friend­ship, –ness used in the words like good­ness, bad­ness etc., –ment used in the words like rudi­ment, base­ment etc., –ity in infer­til­ity, –ist in the words like men­tal­ist, fem­i­nist etc.

Verbal suffixes : 

Verbal suffixes . –ate: forms ending with this suffix represent a rather heterogeneous group. These represents so called ornative and resultative meanings like fluorinate, formate, regulate.–en: The Germanic suffix enattaches to mono­syllables that end in a positive, fricative. Most of the mords are formed sim­i­lar to ripen, blacken, broaden etc.

Verbal suffixes : 

Verbal suffixes –ify: This suf­fix attaches with the base words that are mono­syl­labic. The gen­eral words that are formed with this suf­fix are solid­ify, humid­ify etc. This suf­fix rep­re­sents the for­ma­tion of some­thing. The words that are formed with the suf­fix –ize also have the same mean­ing with the words formed by –ify suf­fix.–ize: This suf­fix rep­re­sents the words that are hav­ing the related con­cepts like orna­tive, loca­tive, resul­ta­tive, sim­u­la­tive, per­for­ma­tive. The deriv­a­tives of the –ize suf­fix rep­re­sents the com­plex pat­terns and dif­fi­cult to derive sometimes.

Consonant ending : 

Consonant ending If the ending begins with a consonant, the s pelling of the root word is usually not altered. The old picture was badly damaged(bad>badly) Their loss caused much sadness.(sad>sadness)

Vowel ending : 

Vowel ending . If the ending begins with a vowel, the spelling of the root word usually changes Are you planning to visit me in Myrtle Beach?(plan>planning) Only a great writer could produce such a novel(write>writer) I never received an answer to my question(receive>received)