Affixes : Affixes Prefix and Suffix What does it mean? : What does it mean? A word element (morpheme)--usually a prefix or suffix--that can be attached to a base, stem, or root to form a new word.
Noun: affixation. Adjective: affixable.
From the Latin, "fasten“
We have two kinds of affixes:
suffix Affixes : Affixes Adding affixes to existing words (the base or root) to form new words is common in academic English.
We can add affixes to the beginning of a word .It is called prefix
We can add affixes to the end of the word. It is called suffix. prefixes : prefixes Prefixes : Prefixes prefix + verb> verb Verbal prefixes : Verbal prefixes The most common prefixes used to form new verbs are: re-, dis-, over-, un-, mis-, out-.
outreach Nominal prefixes : Nominal prefixes The most common prefixes that is used with nouns are the following:
Ziology Nominal prefixes : Nominal prefixes prefix + noun >noun Adjective prefixes : Adjective prefixes negative + adjective> adjective
Many adjectives are formed from a base of a different class with a suffix Adverbial prefixes : Adverbial prefixes Suffixes : Suffixes suffixes : suffixes Suffixes are endings that are added to root words.
We have a lot of endings that can be added to the root of the word Kinds of suffixes : Kinds of suffixes there are four kinds of suffixes. 1. Nominal suffixes2. Verbal suffixes3. Adjectival suffixes4. Adverbial suffixes 1-Verbal suffixes : 1-Verbal suffixes suffixes which are attached before the verbs and forms new words. Verbal suffixes : Verbal suffixes 2-Nominal Suffixes : 2-Nominal Suffixes Suffix added to a verb ,noun or adjective> noun Verbs >nouns : Verbs >nouns Adjectives>nouns : Adjectives>nouns Nouns >nouns : Nouns >nouns Adjective suffixes : Adjective suffixes . Suffix added to verbs or nouns >adjective Adjectives : Adjectives Many adjectives are formed from a base of a different class with a suffix (e.g. -less, -ous). Adjectives can also be formed from other adjectives, especially by the negative prefixes (un-, in- and non-).
The most common suffixes are -al, -ent, -ive, -ous, -ful, -less Verb or Noun > Adjective : Verb or Noun > Adjective Rules of affixes : Rules of affixes Nominal suffixes : Nominal suffixes It derives the abstract nouns from verbs, adjectives and nouns Nominal suffixes : Nominal suffixes –age: This is used to express an activity as in coverage, leakage, orphanage etc.–al : This suffix is added to verbs to form abstract nouns and denotes an action like in arrival, renewal etc.–ance: This also vary asence, ancy, ency. This is used along with verbs to create the words such as retardance, absorbance etc.–ant: This is used to form count nouns like attractant, dispersant etc Nominal suffixes : Nominal suffixes –cy/-ce: This suffix attaches with nouns and forms adjectives like agency, presidency etc. The suffix –cy is used to denote the quality, states, properties or facts. The examples in which this –cy suffix is used are convergence, divergence etc.–ee: This is attached with the nouns and denotes or qualifies the job of a person from the noun form of the job. The words with this suffix are employee, biographee, amputee etc.–ion: This is one of the suffixes that we use often. This can be combined with –ify and forms the combined suffix of –ification and used with the works like personification Nominal suffixes : Nominal suffixes When this –ion is combined with –ate forms another suffix –ation which is used in the words like starvation.–ism: This forms the abstract nouns from the nouns, adjectives and derivatives and expresses the attitude, state, condition, theory or beliefs. Some of these words are Marxism, Buddhism, Jainism More nominal suffixes : More nominal suffixes –ship used in the words like friendship, –ness used in the words like goodness, badness etc., –ment used in the words like rudiment, basement etc., –ity in infertility, –ist in the words like mentalist, feminist etc. Verbal suffixes : Verbal suffixes . –ate: forms ending with this suffix represent a rather heterogeneous group. These represents so called ornative and resultative meanings like fluorinate, formate, regulate.–en: The Germanic suffix enattaches to monosyllables that end in a positive, fricative. Most of the mords are formed similar to ripen, blacken, broaden etc. Verbal suffixes : Verbal suffixes –ify: This suffix attaches with the base words that are monosyllabic. The general words that are formed with this suffix are solidify, humidify etc. This suffix represents the formation of something. The words that are formed with the suffix –ize also have the same meaning with the words formed by –ify suffix.–ize: This suffix represents the words that are having the related concepts like ornative, locative, resultative, simulative, performative. The derivatives of the –ize suffix represents the complex patterns and difficult to derive sometimes. Consonant ending : Consonant ending If the ending begins with a consonant, the s
pelling of the root word is usually not altered.
The old picture was badly damaged(bad>badly)
Their loss caused much sadness.(sad>sadness) Vowel ending : Vowel ending . If the ending begins with a vowel, the spelling of the root word usually changes
Are you planning to visit me in Myrtle Beach?(plan>planning)
Only a great writer could produce such a novel(write>writer)
I never received an answer to my question(receive>received)