APPsych2e_LecturePPTs_Unit05

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AP Psychology Myers for AP Psychology

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David G. Myers PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown High School Worth Publishers, © 2014 Myers’ Psychology for AP ® , 2e AP ® is a trademark registered and/or owned by the College Board ® , which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product.

Unit 5: States of Consciousness:

Unit 5: States of Consciousness

Unit 05 - Overview:

Unit 05 - Overview Understanding Consciousness and Hypnosis Sleep Patterns and Sleep Theories Sleep Deprivation, Sleep Disorders, and Dreams Psychoactive Drugs Click on the any of the above hyperlinks to go to that section in the presentation.

Module 22: Understanding Consciousness and Hypnosis:

Module 22: Understanding Consciousness and Hypnosis

Defining Consciousness:

Defining Consciousness

Defining Consciousness:

Defining Consciousness Consciousness States of consciousness Sleep Wake Altered states

Defining Consciousness:

Defining Consciousness

Defining Consciousness:

Defining Consciousness

Defining Consciousness:

Defining Consciousness

Defining Consciousness:

Defining Consciousness

Defining Consciousness:

Defining Consciousness

Defining Consciousness:

Defining Consciousness

Defining Consciousness:

Defining Consciousness

Hypnosis:

Hypnosis

Hypnosis:

Hypnosis Hypnosis Hypnotic induction Hypnosis as an altered state?

Hypnosis Frequently Asked Questions About Hypnosis:

Hypnosis Frequently Asked Questions About Hypnosis Can Anyone Experience Hypnosis? Postural sway Susceptibility Can Hypnosis Enhance Recall of Forgotten Events? Can Hypnosis Force People to Act Against Their Will?

Hypnosis Frequently Asked Questions About Hypnosis:

Hypnosis Frequently Asked Questions About Hypnosis Can Hypnosis Be Therapeutic? Hypnotherapists Posthypnotic suggestion Can Hypnosis Alleviate Pain?

Hypnosis Explaining the Hypnotized State: Hypnosis as a Social Phenomenon:

Hypnosis Explaining the Hypnotized State: Hypnosis as a Social Phenomenon “Good hypnotic subjects” Social influence theory

Hypnosis Explaining the Hypnotized State: Hypnosis as Divided Consciousness:

Hypnosis Explaining the Hypnotized State: Hypnosis as Divided Consciousness Hilgard Dissociation Unified account of hypnosis

Hypnosis Levels of Analysis for Hypnosis:

Hypnosis Levels of Analysis for Hypnosis

Hypnosis Levels of Analysis for Hypnosis:

Hypnosis Levels of Analysis for Hypnosis

Hypnosis Levels of Analysis for Hypnosis:

Hypnosis Levels of Analysis for Hypnosis

Hypnosis Levels of Analysis for Hypnosis:

Hypnosis Levels of Analysis for Hypnosis

Module 23: Sleep Patterns and Sleep Theories:

Module 23: Sleep Patterns and Sleep Theories

Biological Rhythms and Sleep:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Circadian Rhythm:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Circadian Rhythm Circadian rhythm 24 hour cycle Temperature changes Circadian rhythm and age

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages Sleep 90 minute cycles REM Sleep versus NonREM Sleep

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages Measuring Sleeps Activity Eye Movements Muscle Tension EEG Patterns Beta Waves Alpha Waves Delta Waves

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages Parts of sleep Waking Beta Waves Waking Alpha Waves NonREM Sleep REM Sleep

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages Parts of sleep NonREM Sleep NREM-1 Hallucinations Hypnagogic sensations NREM-2 Sleep Spindles NREM-3 Delta waves

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages Parts of sleep REM Sleep EEG Patterns Paradoxical Sleep REM Rebound

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages: What Affects Our Sleep Patterns?:

Biological Rhythms and Sleep Sleep Stages: What Affects Our Sleep Patterns? Suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) melatonin

Sleep Theories:

Sleep Theories

Sleep Theories:

Sleep Theories Sleep theories Sleep protects Sleeps helps recuperation Memory storage Sleep and creative thinking Sleep and growth

Module 24: Sleep Deprivation, Sleep Disorders, and Dreams:

Module 24: Sleep Deprivation, Sleep Disorders, and Dreams

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss US Navy and NIH studies Age and sleep loss Chronic sleep loss Springs and fall time changes

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss: Major Sleep Disorders:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss: Major Sleep Disorders Sleep disorders Insomnia Narcolepsy

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss: Major Sleep Disorders:

Sleep Deprivation and Sleep Disorders Effects of Sleep Loss: Major Sleep Disorders Sleep disorders Sleep apnea Night terrors Sleepwalking/ sleep talking

Dreams:

Dreams

Dreams What We Dream:

Dreams What We Dream Dreams Manifest content Latent content

Dreams Why We Dream:

Dreams Why We Dream To satisfy our own wishes To file away memories To develop/preserve neural pathways To make sense of neural static To reflect cognitive development REM rebound

Dreams Why We Dream:

Dreams Why We Dream

Module 25: Psychoactive Drugs:

Module 25: Psychoactive Drugs

Tolerance and Addiction:

Tolerance and Addiction

Tolerance and Addiction:

Tolerance and Addiction Substance Use Disorder Psychoactive Drugs Tolerance Addiction Withdrawal

Types of Psychoactive Drugs:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs

Types of Psychoactive Drugs:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Three types of psychoactive drugs Depressants Stimulants Hallucinogens

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Depressants:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Depressants Depressants Alcohol Barbiturates (tranquilizers) Opiates

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Depressants: Alcohol:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Depressants: Alcohol Disinhibition Slowed neural processing Memory disruption Reduced self-awareness and self-control Expectancy effects

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Depressants: Barbiturates and Opiates:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Depressants: Barbiturates and Opiates Barbiturate (tranquilizers) Opiates Endorphins

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants Stimulants Caffeine Nicotine Amphetamines Cocaine - crack Methamphetamine Ecstasy (MDMA)

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Nicotine:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Nicotine Nicotine Usage Tolerance

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine Cocaine Neurotransmitters Crack

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Cocaine

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Methamphetamine:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Methamphetamine Methamphetamine Amphetamine Dopamine Effects and Aftereffects

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Ecstasy (MDMA):

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Stimulants: Ecstasy (MDMA) Ecstasy MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine) Dopamine and Serotonin “Club Drug”

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Hallucinogens:

Types of Psychoactive Drugs Hallucinogens Hallucinogens (psychedelics) LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) Acid Near death experience Marijuana THC

The End:

The End

Teacher Information:

Teacher Information Types of Files This presentation has been saved as a “basic” Powerpoint file. While this file format placed a few limitations on the presentation, it insured the file would be compatible with the many versions of Powerpoint teachers use. To add functionality to the presentation, teachers may want to save the file for their specific version of Powerpoint. Animation Once again, to insure compatibility with all versions of Powerpoint, none of the slides are animated. To increase student interest, it is suggested teachers animate the slides wherever possible. Adding slides to this presentation Teachers are encouraged to adapt this presentation to their personal teaching style. To help keep a sense of continuity, blank slides which can be copied and pasted to a specific location in the presentation follow this “Teacher Information” section.

Teacher Information:

Teacher Information Unit Coding Just as Myers’ Psychology for AP 2e is color coded to the College Board AP Psychology Course Description (Acorn Book) Units, so are these Powerpoints . The primary background color of each slide indicates the specific textbook unit. Psychology’s History and Approaches Research Methods Biological Bases of Behavior Sensation and Perception States of Consciousness Learning Cognition Motivation, Emotion, and Stress Developmental Psychology Personality Testing and Individual Differences Abnormal Psychology Treatment of Abnormal Behavior Social Psychology

Teacher Information:

Teacher Information Hyperlink Slides - This presentation contain two types of hyperlinks. Hyperlinks can be identified by the text being underlined and a different color (usually purple). Unit subsections hyperlinks : Immediately after the unit title and module title slide, a page can be found listing all of the unit’s subsections. While in slide show mode, clicking on any of these hyperlinks will take the user directly to the beginning of that subsection. Bold print term hyperlinks: Every bold print term from the unit is included in this presentation as a hyperlink. While in slide show mode, clicking on any of the hyperlinks will take the user to a slide containing the formal definition of the term. Clicking on the “arrow” in the bottom left corner of the definition slide will take the user back to the original point in the presentation. These hyperlinks were included for teachers who want students to see or copy down the exact definition as stated in the text. Most teachers prefer the definitions not be included to prevent students from only “copying down what is on the screen” and not actively listening to the presentation. For teachers who continually use the Bold Print Term Hyperlinks option, please contact the author using the email address on the next slide to learn a technique to expedite the returning to the original point in the presentation.

Teacher Information:

Teacher Information Continuity slides Throughout this presentation there are slides, usually of graphics or tables, that build on one another. These are included for three purposes. By presenting information in small chunks, students will find it easier to process and remember the concepts. By continually changing slides, students will stay interested in the presentation. To facilitate class discussion and critical thinking. Students should be encouraged to think about “what might come next” in the series of slides. Please feel free to contact me at kkorek@germantown.k12.wi.us with any questions, concerns, suggestions, etc. regarding these presentations. Kent Korek Germantown High School Germantown, WI 53022 262-253-3400 kkorek@germantown.k12.wi.us

Division title (red print) subdivision title (blue print):

Division title (red print) subdivision title ( blue print) xxx xxx xxx

Division title (red print in text) subdivision title (blue print in text):

Division title (red print in text) subdivision title ( blue print in text) Use this slide to add a table, chart, clip art, picture, diagram, or video clip. Delete this box when finished

Definition Slide:

Definition Slide = add definition here

Definition Slides:

Definition Slides

Consciousness:

Consciousness = an awareness of ourselves and our environment.

Hypnosis:

Hypnosis = a social interaction in which one person (the subject) responds to another person’s (the hypnotist’s) suggestions that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur.

Posthypnotic Suggestion:

Posthypnotic Suggestion = a suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized; used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors.

Dissociation:

Dissociation = a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others.

Circadian Rhythm:

Circadian Rhythm = the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms (for example, of temperature and wakefulness) that occur on a 24-hour cycle.

REM Sleep:

REM Sleep = rapid eye movement sleep; a recurring sleep state during which vivid dreams commonly occur. Also known as paradoxical sleep , because the muscles are relaxed (except for minor twitches) but other body systems are active.

Alpha Waves:

Alpha Waves = the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.

Sleep:

Sleep = periodic, natural loss of consciousness – as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernation.

Hallucinations:

Hallucinations = false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus.

Delta Waves:

Delta Waves = the large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep.

NREM Sleep:

NREM Sleep = non-rapid eye movement sleep; encompasses all sleep stages except for REM sleep.

Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN):

Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN) = a pair of cell clusters in the hypothalamus that controls circadian rhythm. In response to light, the SCN causes the pineal gland to adjust melatonin production, thus modifying our feelings of sleepiness.

Insomnia:

Insomnia = recurring problems in falling or staying asleep.

Narcolepsy:

Narcolepsy = a sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often at inopportune times.

Sleep Apnea:

Sleep Apnea = a sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated momentary awakenings.

Night Terrors:

Night Terrors = a sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during NREM-3 sleep, within two or three hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered.

Dream:

Dream = a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person’s mind. Dreams are notable for their hallucinatory imagery, discontinuities, and incongruities, and for the dreamer’s delusional acceptance of the content and later difficulties remembering it.

Manifest Content:

Manifest Content = according to Freud, the remembered story line of a dream (as distinct from its latent, or hidden, content).

Latent Content:

Latent Content = according to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream (as distinct from its manifest content).

REM Rebound:

REM Rebound = the tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation (created by repeated awakenings during REM sleep).

Substance Use Disorder:

Substance Use Disorder = continued substance craving and use despite significant life disruption and/or physical risk.

Psychoactive Drug:

Psychoactive Drug = a chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods.

Tolerance:

Tolerance = the diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug’s effect.

Addiction:

Addiction = compulsive craving of drugs or certain behaviors (such as gambling) despite known adverse consequences.

Withdrawal:

Withdrawal = the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing an addictive drug or behavior.

Depressants:

Depressants = drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow body functions.

Alcohol Use Disorder:

Alcohol Use Disorder = (popularly known as alcoholism ). Alcohol use marked by tolerance, withdrawal, and a drive to continue problematic use.

Barbiturates:

Barbiturates = drugs that depress central nervous system activity, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment.

Opiates:

Opiates = opium and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.

Stimulants:

Stimulants = drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine, and Ecstasy) that excite neural activity and speed up body functions.

Amphetamines:

Amphetamines = drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes.

Nicotine:

Nicotine = a stimulating and highly addictive psychoactive drug in tobacco.

Cocaine:

Cocaine = a powerful and addictive stimulant, derived from the coca plant, producing temporarily increased alertness and euphoria.

Methamphetamine:

Methamphetamine = a powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system, with speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes; over time, appears to reduce baseline dopamine levels.

Ecstasy (MDMA):

Ecstasy (MDMA) = a synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen. Produces euphoria and social intimacy, but with short-term health risks and longer-term harm to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood and cognition.

Hallucinogens:

Hallucinogens = psychedelic (“mind-manifesting”) drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.

LSD:

LSD = a powerful hallucinogenic drug; also known as acid ( lysergic acid diethylamide ).

Near-Death Experience:

Near-Death Experience = an altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death (such as by cardiac arrest); often similar to drug-induced hallucinations.

THC:

THC = the major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects, including mild hallucinations.

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