AP Psych 2ed Uni 01

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Unit One of Myers Psychology for AP

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Myers’ Psychology for AP®, 2e:

Myers’ Psychology for AP ® , 2e David G. Myers AP ® is a trademark registered and/or owned by the College Board ® , which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this product. PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown High School Worth Publishers, © 2014

Unit 1: Psychology’s History and Approaches:

Unit 1: Psychology’s History and Approaches

Unit 01 - Overview:

Unit 01 - Overview Psychology’s History? Psychology’s Big Issues and Approaches Careers in Psychology Click on the any of the above hyperlinks to go to that section in the presentation.

Module 01: Psychology’s History:

Module 01: Psychology’s History

Psychology’s Roots:

Psychology’s Roots

Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology:

Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology Ancient Greeks: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle Rene Descartes Francis Bacon John Locke Tabula Rasa ( blank slate) Empiricism

Psychology’s Roots Psychological Science is Born:

Psychology’s Roots Psychological Science is Born Wilhelm Wundt (1879) University of Leipzig Reaction time experiment G. Stanley Hall

Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Structure:

Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Structure Edward Titchener Structuralism introspection

Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Function:

Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Function William James Functionalism

Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Function:

Psychology’s Roots Thinking About the Mind’s Function Mary Calkins Margaret Floy Washburn Experimental psychology

Psychological Science Develops:

Psychological Science Develops

Psychological Science Develops:

Psychological Science Develops Sigmund Freud

Psychological Science Develops:

Psychological Science Develops Behaviorism John B. Watson Rosalie Raynor

Psychological Science Develops:

Psychological Science Develops Behaviorism B.F. Skinner “study of observable behavior” conditioning

Psychological Science Develops:

Psychological Science Develops Humanistic psychology Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychological Science Develops:

Psychological Science Develops Psychology Science Behavior Mental processes

Module 02: Psychology’s Big Issues and Approaches:

Module 02: Psychology’s Big Issues and Approaches

Psychology’s Biggest Question:

Psychology’s Biggest Question

Psychology’s Biggest Question:

Psychology’s Biggest Question Nature – Nurture Issue Biology versus experience History Greeks Rene Descartes Charles Darwin Natural selection

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis:

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis:

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis Levels of Analysis Biological Psychological Social-cultural Biopsychosocial Approach

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis:

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis:

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis:

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis:

Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis

Psychological Approaches/Perspectives:

Psychological Approaches/Perspectives Behavioral perspective Biological perspective Cognitive perspective Evolutionary perspective Humanistic perspective Psychodynamic perspective Social-cultural perspective

Psychology’s Subfields:

Psychology’s Subfields

Psychology’s Subfields:

Psychology’s Subfields Psychometrics Basic Research Biological psychologists Developmental psychologists Cognitive psychologists Educational psychologists Personality psychologists Social psychologists

Psychology’s Subfields:

Psychology’s Subfields Applied Research Industrial/organizational psychologists Human factors psychologists Counseling psychologists Clinical psychologists Psychiatrists Positive psychology Community psychologists

Module 03: Careers in Psychology:

Module 03: Careers in Psychology

Basic Research Subfields:

Basic Research Subfields

Basic Research Subfields:

Basic Research Subfields Cognitive psychologists Developmental psychologists Educational psychologists Experimental psychologists Psychometric and Quantitative Psychologists Social psychologists

Applied Research Subfields:

Applied Research Subfields

Applied Research Subfields:

Applied Research Subfields Forensic psychologists Health psychologists Industrial/organizational (I/O) psychologists Neuropsychologists Rehabilitation psychologists School psychologists Sport psychologists

The Helping Professions:

The Helping Professions

The Helping Professions:

The Helping Professions Clinical psychologists Community psychologists Counseling psychologists

The End:

The End

Teacher Information:

Teacher Information Types of Files This presentation has been saved as a “basic” Powerpoint file. While this file format placed a few limitations on the presentation, it insured the file would be compatible with the many versions of Powerpoint teachers use. To add functionality to the presentation, teachers may want to save the file for their specific version of Powerpoint. Animation Once again, to insure compatibility with all versions of Powerpoint, none of the slides are animated. To increase student interest, it is suggested teachers animate the slides wherever possible. Adding slides to this presentation Teachers are encouraged to adapt this presentation to their personal teaching style. To help keep a sense of continuity, blank slides which can be copied and pasted to a specific location in the presentation follow this “Teacher Information” section.

Teacher Information:

Teacher Information Unit Coding Just as Myers’ Psychology for AP 2e is color coded to the College Board AP Psychology Course Description (Acorn Book) Units, so are these Powerpoints . The primary background color of each slide indicates the specific textbook unit. Psychology’s History and Approaches Research Methods Biological Bases of Behavior Sensation and Perception States of Consciousness Learning Cognition Motivation, Emotion, and Stress Developmental Psychology Personality Testing and Individual Differences Abnormal Psychology Treatment of Abnormal Behavior Social Psychology

Teacher Information:

Teacher Information Hyperlink Slides - This presentation contain two types of hyperlinks. Hyperlinks can be identified by the text being underlined and a different color (usually purple). Unit subsections hyperlinks : Immediately after the unit title and module title slide, a page can be found listing all of the unit’s subsections. While in slide show mode, clicking on any of these hyperlinks will take the user directly to the beginning of that subsection. Bold print term hyperlinks: Every bold print term from the unit is included in this presentation as a hyperlink. While in slide show mode, clicking on any of the hyperlinks will take the user to a slide containing the formal definition of the term. Clicking on the “arrow” in the bottom left corner of the definition slide will take the user back to the original point in the presentation. These hyperlinks were included for teachers who want students to see or copy down the exact definition as stated in the text. Most teachers prefer the definitions not be included to prevent students from only “copying down what is on the screen” and not actively listening to the presentation. For teachers who continually use the Bold Print Term Hyperlinks option, please contact the author using the email address on the next slide to learn a technique to expedite the returning to the original point in the presentation.

Teacher Information:

Teacher Information Continuity slides Throughout this presentation there are slides, usually of graphics or tables, that build on one another. These are included for three purposes. By presenting information in small chunks, students will find it easier to process and remember the concepts. By continually changing slides, students will stay interested in the presentation. To facilitate class discussion and critical thinking. Students should be encouraged to think about “what might come next” in the series of slides. Please feel free to contact me at kkorek@germantown.k12.wi.us with any questions, concerns, suggestions, etc. regarding these presentations. Kent Korek Germantown High School Germantown, WI 53022 262-253-3400 kkorek@germantown.k12.wi.us

Division title (red print) subdivision title (blue print):

Division title (red print) subdivision title ( blue print) xxx xxx xxx

Division title (red print in text) subdivision title (blue print in text):

Division title (red print in text) subdivision title ( blue print in text) Use this slide to add a table, chart, clip art, picture, diagram, or video clip. Delete this box when finished

Definition Slide:

Definition Slide = add definition here

Definition Slides:

Definition Slides

Empiricism:

Empiricism = the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation.

Structuralism:

Structuralism = early school of thought promoted by Wundt and Titchner; used introspection to reveal the structure of the human mind.

Functionalism:

Functionalism = a school of thought promoted by James and influenced by Darwin; explored how mental and behavioral processes function – how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish.

Experimental Psychology:

Experimental Psychology = the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method.

Behaviorism:

Behaviorism = the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).

Humanistic Psychology:

Humanistic Psychology = a historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people.

Cognitive Neuroscience:

Cognitive Neuroscience = the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language).

Psychology:

Psychology = the science of behavior and mental processes.

Nature-Nurture Issue:

Nature-Nurture Issue = the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today’s science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture.

Natural Selection:

Natural Selection = the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.

Levels of Analysis:

Levels of Analysis = the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon.

Biopsychosocial Approach:

Biopsychosocial Approach = an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis.

Behavioral Psychology:

Behavioral Psychology = the scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation by principles of learning.

Biological Psychology:

Biological Psychology = the scientific study of the links between biological (genetic, neural, hormonal) and psychological processes. Some biological psychologists call themselves behavioral neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, behavior geneticists, physiological psychologists, or biopsychologists .

Cognitive Psychology:

Cognitive Psychology = the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.

Evolutionary Psychology:

Evolutionary Psychology = the study of the evolution of behavior and mind, using principles of natural selection.

Psychodynamic Psychology:

Psychodynamic Psychology = a branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders.

Social-Cultural Psychology:

Social-Cultural Psychology = the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking.

Psychometrics:

Psychometrics = the scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits.

Basic Research:

Basic Research = pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.

Developmental Psychology:

Developmental Psychology = a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.

Educational Psychology:

Educational Psychology = the study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning.

Personality Psychology:

Personality Psychology = the study of an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.

Social Psychology:

Social Psychology = the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.

Applied Research:

Applied Research = scientific study that aims to solve practical problems.

Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychologists:

Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychologists = the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.

Human Factors Psychologists:

Human Factors Psychologists = an I/O subfield that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use.

Counseling Psychology:

Counseling Psychology = a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, and marriage) and in achieving greater well-being.

Clinical Psychology:

Clinical Psychology = a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treat people with psychological disorders.

Psychiatry:

Psychiatry = a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who often provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy.

Positive Psychology:

Positive Psychology = the scientific study of human functioning, with the goals of discovering and promoting strengths and virtues that help individuals and communities to thrive.

Community Psychology:

Community Psychology = a branch of psychology that studies how people interact with their social environments and how social institutions affect individuals and groups.

Testing Effect:

Testing Effect = enhanced memory after retrieving, rather than simply rereading information. Also sometimes referred to as a retrieval practice effect or test-enhanced learning .

SQ3R:

SQ3R = a study method incorporating five steps; Survey, Question, Read, Rehearse, Review.

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