Bijbel en Inspiratie

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How was the Bible inspired? How was the Bible inspired? A study of Gods Word, with statements of Ellen G. White

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How was the Bible inspired? How was the Bible inspired? Seventh-day Adventist Fundamental Beliefs

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Fundamental Beliefs Seventh-day Adventists accept the Bible as their only creed and hold certain fundamental beliefs to be the teaching of the Holy Scriptures. These beliefs, as set forth here, constitute the church's understanding and expression of the teaching of Scripture. Revision of these statements may be expected at a General Conference session when the church is led by the Holy Spirit to a fuller understanding of Bible truth or finds better language in which to express the teachings of God's Holy Word.

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1. Holy Scriptures: The Holy Scriptures, Old and New Testaments, are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration through holy men of God who spoke and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. In this Word, God has committed to man the knowledge necessary for salvation. The Holy Scriptures are the infallible revelation of His will. They are the standard of character, the test of experience, the authoritative revealer of doctrines, and the trustworthy record of God's acts in history. (2 Peter 1:20, 21; 2 Tim. 3:16, 17; Ps. 119:105; Prov. 30:5, 6; Isa. 8:20; John 17:17; 1 Thess. 2:13; Heb. 4:12.)

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2 Peter 1:20-21 20 Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet's own interpretation. 21 For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

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2 Timothy 3:16,1 16 All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, 17 so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.

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Psalm 119:105 Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light for my path .

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Proverbs 30:5,6 5 "Every word of God is flawless; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him . 6 Do not add to his words, or he will rebuke you and prove you a liar.

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Isaiah 8:20 20 To the law and to the testimony ! If they do not speak according to this word, they have no light of dawn.

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John 17:17 4 I have given them your word and the world has hated them, for they are not of the world any more than I am of the world. 15 My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one. 16 They are not of the world, even as I am not of it. 17 Sanctify them by the truth; your word is truth . 18 As you sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world. 19 For them I sanctify myself, that they too may be truly sanctified.

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1 Thess. 2:13 13 And we also thank God continually because, when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men, but as it actually is, the word of God , which is at work in you who believe.

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Hebrew 4:12 12 For the word of God is living and active . Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart.

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How was the Bible inspired? How was the Bible inspired? Different types of Inspiration

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2 Peter 1:20-21 20 Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet's own interpretation. 21 For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

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Inspiration How does it work? Mechanical, Verbal or Thought Inspiration

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Mechanical Inspiration What is it? God takes complete control of the writer. The writer is merely Gods instrument in writing the Bible .

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Verbal Inspiration What is it? God dictates to the writer word for word. The author writes exactly down what Gods tells him.

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Thought Inspiration What is it? God gives the writer his thought and the writer puts it down in its own words. God makes sure that His purpose is made clear.

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How was the Bible inspired? How was the Bible inspired? Seventh-day Adventist Development in Inspiration

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1844 Early adventist took for granted common christian belief in ‘Verbal Inspiration’ 1882 Discussion within the Adventist church about inspiration. Moving away from ‘verbal inspiration’, yet most Adventist held on to verbal or mechanical inspiration 1883 Ellen White statement about inspiration related revision of “Testimomies to the Church”

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Ellen White about inspiration “We believe the light given by God to His servants is by the enlightenment of the mind, thus imparting the thought, and not (except in rare cases) the very words in which the ideas should be expressed.” “General Conference Proceedings,” Review and Herald , Nov 27, 1883, 741-742.

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1844 Early adventist took for granted common christian belief in ‘Verbal Inspiration’ 1882 Discussion within the Adventist church about inspiration. Moving away from ‘verbal inspiration’, yet most Adventist held on to verbal or mechanical inspiration 1883 Ellen White statement about inspiration related revision of “Testimomies to the Church”

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Ellen White about inspiration “We believe the light given by God to His servants is by the enlightenment of the mind, thus imparting the thought, and not (except in rare cases) the very words in which the ideas should be expressed.” “General Conference Proceedings,” Review and Herald , Nov 27, 1883, 741-742.

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1911 Revision of the “Great Controversy”; issue of Inspiration became an issue in the adventist church

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Ellen White & ‘The Great Controversy” Written in 1888 and revised for the 1911 version. It was unimaginable for Adventist who believed in ‘verbal inspiration’ that there was a revision: That which is verbally inspired cannot be revised. The introduction of the revised version promoted ‘thought inspiration’.

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Ellen White & ‘The Great Controversy” In the introduction of the ‘Great Controversy’ Ellen White simply indicated that revelation operates on the whole person infusing the human mind with divine thoughts.

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1911 Revision of the “Great Controversy”; issue of Inspiration became an issue in the Adventist church 1919 Bible Conference held on the topic of inspiration. The social-theological context kept promoting verbal inspiration and Adventist were divided on the issue of inspiration. 1900-1950 Verbal Inspiration kept being the prevailing method of inspiration

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from 1950 Thought Inspiration is becoming the main position of the church 1966 The Seventh-day Adventist Encyclopedia (1966) stated that “we do not believe in verbal inspiration, according to the usual meaning of the term, but in what may be properly called thought inspiration.”

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1975-2000 Inspiration of the bible attacked by the historical-critical method The world church officially rejected the critical methodology because it placed human beings as judges over the Bible. 1980 Fundamental Belief number one voted at the General Conference Session

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1. Holy Scriptures: The Holy Scriptures, Old and New Testaments, are the written Word of God, given by divine inspiration through holy men of God who spoke and wrote as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. In this Word, God has committed to man the knowledge necessary for salvation. The Holy Scriptures are the infallible revelation of His will. They are the standard of character, the test of experience, the authoritative revealer of doctrines, and the trustworthy record of God's acts in history. (2 Peter 1:20, 21; 2 Tim. 3:16, 17; Ps. 119:105; Prov. 30:5, 6; Isa. 8:20; John 17:17; 1 Thess. 2:13; Heb. 4:12.)

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Ellen White classical statement on inspiration “It is not the words of the Bible that are inspired, but the men that were inspired. Inspiration acts not on the man’s words or his expressions but on the man himself, who, under the influence of the Holy Ghost, is imbued with thoughts. . . . “

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Ellen White classical statement on inspiration “. . . But the words receive the impress of the individual mind. The divine mind is diffused. The divine mind and will is combined with the human mind and will; thus the utterances of the man are the word of God. ” 1 SM , p. 21 (Manuscript 24, 1886; written in Europe in 1886).

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Ellen White on her own inspiration “Although I am as dependent upon the Spirit of the Lord in writing my views as I am in receiving them, yet the words I employ in describing what I have seen are my own, unless they be those spoken to me by an angel, which I always enclose in marks of quotation.” 1 SM , p. 37. In another place she writes, “I am just as dependent upon the Spirit of the Lord in relating or writing the vision as in having the vision” (3 SM , p. 48).

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Ellen White on her own inspiration “Although I am as dependent upon the Spirit of the Lord in writing my views as I am in receiving them, yet the words I employ in describing what I have seen are my own, unless they be those spoken to me by an angel, which I always enclose in marks of quotation.” 1 SM , p. 37. In another place she writes, “I am just as dependent upon the Spirit of the Lord in relating or writing the vision as in having the vision” (3 SM , p. 48).

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The bible Gods Word Even though it was written by human hand, it is inspired by God and thus we can be sure that God is the author Even though it is written in human language, we can be sure that God is making his purpose clear. The bible is and will remain trustworthy

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