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Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide1: THE HISTORY OF AND ORIENTATION TO, THE FIRE SERVICE Georgia Basic Fire Fighter Training Course Chapter 1TERMINAL PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE: TERMINAL PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE Given the proper instructions the students shall describe the changes in the chain of command from earlier times and shall describe the chain of command in their department according to their SOP’S and SOG’S ENABLING OBJECTIVES : ENABLING OBJECTIVES Describe changes in the fire department from the colonial days to the present Discuss some of the major events in the past history of the fire serviceENABLING OBJECTIVES : Define the chain of command as it applies to fire departments Describe the roles of fire fighters within the fire department ENABLING OBJECTIVES ENABLING OBJECTIVES : Describe the fire department’s regulations, policies, and standard operating procedures; and how they apply to the fire fighter ENABLING OBJECTIVES ENABLING OBJECTIVES : List the different types of organizations that the fire departments may interact with. Define the roles and responsibilities of Fire Fighter ENABLING OBJECTIVES INTRODUCTION: INTRODUCTION Training to become a fire fighter is challenging. The art and science of extinguishing fire is much more complex than most people imagine. You will be challenged-both physically and mentally-during this course. You must keep your body in excellent condition so you can complete your assignments and you must remain mentally alert to cope with the various conditions you will encounter.FIRE SERVICE IN THE UNITED STATES: About 1.1 million fire fighters Approximately 30,000 fire departments 75% of career fire fighters serve communities of 25,000 or larger Half of volunteers serve rural areas of population 2,500 or smaller FIRE SERVICE IN THE UNITED STATESFIRE SERVICE IN THE UNITED STATES: 401,000 residential fires in 2002 Average of 46 per hour 2,695 residential fire fatalities in 2002 Average of one every 195 minutes 80% of all fire deaths and injuries occur in residential occupancies. FIRE SERVICE IN THE UNITED STATESHISTORY OF THE FIRE SERVICE: Romans created first fire department. First paid department in the U.S. was Boston (established in 1679). Ben Franklin started the first volunteer department in the U.S. in Philadelphia in 1735. Citizens kept fire buckets to assist with fire suppression. HISTORY OF THE FIRE SERVICETHE GREAT CHICAGO FIRE: THE GREAT CHICAGO FIRE Began October 8, 1871 Burned for three days Damage totals: 2,000 acres burned 17,000 homes destroyed $200 million in damage 300 dead 90,000 homeless FIRE EQUIPMENT: Colonial fire fighters had buckets. Hand-powered pumpers developed in 1720 Steam-powered pumpers developed in 1829 FIRE EQUIPMENTFire Equipment (1 of 2): Colonial fire fighters had buckets and fire hooks. Hand-powered pumpers developed in 1720 Steam-powered pumpers developed in 1829 Fire Equipment (1 of 2) 1 FordSlide14: La FranceSlide15: DodgeFIRE EQUIPMENT: Present-day equipment: Single apparatus used for several purposes Fire hydrants developed in 1817 First public call boxes developed in 1860 FIRE EQUIPMENTCOMMUNICATIONS: Fire wardens and night watchmen used during colonial period Present day: Hardwired and cellular telephones dispatch facilities Computer-aided COMMUNICATIONSCOMMUNICATIONS: Fireground communications Early days: Chief’s trumpet (bugles), now a symbol of authority Present: Two-way radios Mobile data terminals COMMUNICATIONSPAYING FOR FIRE SERVICE: In early times, insurance companies paid fire departments for service. Career departments are generally funded through local tax funds. Volunteer departments are funded by: Donations Tax dollars PAYING FOR FIRE SERVICESlide20: In early times, insurance companies paid fire departments for service. The homeowner had this symbol displayed showing that homeowners had insurance. PAYING FOR FIRE SERVICEORGANIZATION OF THE FIRE SERVICE: Source of authority Local governments Sometimes from state and federal governments Fire chief accountable to the governing body ORGANIZATION OF THE FIRE SERVICEBASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATION: Unity of command Each fire fighter answers to only one supervisor Establishes a direct route of responsibility Span of control Number of people one person can supervise effectively BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATIONBASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATION: The organization of a typical fire department. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATIONCHAIN OF COMMAND: Structure for managing the department and the fireground operations Ranks may vary by department, but the concept is the same Chief of Department Assistant Chief Battalion Chief Captain Lieutenant Firefighter CHAIN OF COMMANDCHAIN OF COMMAND: Lieutenant Responsible for a single company on a single shift Captain Responsible for company on his/her shift and for coordinating company’s activities with other shifts Battalion chief Coordinates activities of several companies in a defined geographic area CHAIN OF COMMANDCHAIN OF COMMAND: Assistant or division chief In charge of a functional area within the department Chief of the department Overall responsibility for administration and operations of the department CHAIN OF COMMANDCOMPANY: COMPANY A Company historically is the basic unit of a fire department. Companies may be composed of various combinations of people and equipment; in smaller departments, a company may fill many rolls.COMPANY TYPES: COMPANY TYPES Engine Secures water source, deploys hand lines, conducts search-and-rescue operations, and puts water on the fire COMPANY TYPES: Truck Specializes in forcible entry, ventilation, roof operations, search-and-rescue operations above the fire, and deployment of ground ladders. Rescue Rescues victims from fires, confined spaces, trenches, and high-angle situations COMPANY TYPESCOMPANY TYPES: Wildland brush Dispatched to wildland and brush fires that larger engines cannot reach Hazardous materials Responds to and controls scenes involving spilled or leaking hazardous materials EMS Respond to and assist in transporting victims to medical facilities COMPANY TYPESGENERAL ROLES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT: Fire fighter Driver/operator Company officer Safety officer Training officer Incident Commander Fire marshal/ inspector/investigator Fire and life safety education specialist GENERAL ROLES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENTGENERAL ROLES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENT: 9-1-1 dispatcher/ telecommunicator Apparatus maintenance personnel Fire police Information Management Public Information Officer GENERAL ROLES WITHIN THE DEPARTMENTMISSION STATEMENT: MISSION STATEMENT The Georgia Fire Academy is committed and dedicated to develop and deliver training to Emergency Responders to safely serve our customers and protect property. We will be responsive to the needs of our customers by providing rapid professional, humanitarian services essential to the health, safety, and well being of the general public.SPECIALIZED RESPONSE ROLES: SPECIALIZED RESPONSE ROLES Aircraft/crash rescue fire fighter Hazardous materials technician Technical rescue technician SCUBA dive rescue technician EMS personnel First-Responder EMT-Intermediate EMT-Paramedic REGULATIONS, POLICIES, AND SOPs : SOPs: Provide specific information on actions that should be taken to accomplish a task Ensure that all members perform a task in the same manner Provide a uniform way to deal with situations May also be called standard operating guidelines (SOGs) REGULATIONS, POLICIES, AND SOPs WORKING WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONS: Fire departments need to interact with other organizations in the community. Law enforcement EMS The military Incident Management System (IMS) Unified command system Means to control multiple agencies at an incident WORKING WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONSROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OFTHE FIRE FIGHTER: Don and doff personal protective equipment properly. Hoist hand tools using appropriate ropes and knots. Understand and correctly apply appropriate communication protocols. Use SCBA. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FIRE FIGHTERROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OFTHE FIRE FIGHTER: Respond on apparatus to an emergency scene. Force entry into a structure. Exit a hazardous area safely as a team. Set up ground ladders safely and correctly. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FIRE FIGHTERROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OFTHE FIRE FIGHTER: Attack a passenger vehicle fire, an exterior Class A fire, and an interior structure fire. Conduct search and rescue in a structure. Perform ventilation of an involved structure. Overhaul a fire scene. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FIRE FIGHTERROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OFTHE FIRE FIGHTER: Conserve property with salvage tools and equipment. Connect a fire department engine to a water supply. Extinguish Class A, Class B, Class C, and Class D fires. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FIRE FIGHTERROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OFTHE FIRE FIGHTER: Turn off utilities. Perform fire safety surveys. Clean and maintain equipment. Present fire safety information to station visitors, community groups, or schools. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FIRE FIGHTERFIRE FIGHTER GUIDELINES: FIRE FIGHTER GUIDELINES Be safe. Follow orders. Work as a team. Think! Follow the Golden Rule. Treat each person, patient, or victim as an important person. TERMINAL PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE: TERMINAL PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE Given the proper instructions the students shall describe the changes in the chain of command from earlier times and shall describe the chain of command in there department according to their SOP’S and SOG’S ENABLING OBJECTIVES : ENABLING OBJECTIVES Describe changes in the fire department from the colonial days to the present Discuss some of the major events in the past history of the fire service ENABLING OBJECTIVES : ENABLING OBJECTIVES Define the chain of command as it applies to fire departments Describe the roles of fire fighters within the fire department ENABLING OBJECTIVES: ENABLING OBJECTIVES Describe the fire department’s regulations, policies, and standard operating procedures, and how they apply to the fire fighter ENABLING OBJECTIVES : ENABLING OBJECTIVES List the different types of organizations that the fire department may interact with. 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