Cellular Respiration DCS 2016 Edit

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Biology:

Biology Cell Respiration ,

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Every organism is affected by the things in its environment.

Target:

Target I can describe Cellular Respiration and explain how Glucose Is converted into useable energy.

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Organisms that CANNOT use the sun’s energy to make food— heterotrophs

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We don’t get energy from the sun…

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So…How does your body get energy?

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Eating ! When we eat, our food is broken down in our bodies to get energy out of it.

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What is energy ? the ability to do work

Ingredients to make energy:

Ingredients to make energy The energy-making process depends on the breathing system and the digestive system. This will produce energy in the form of heat but only if it is supplied with 2 main ingredients. FUEL OXYGEN Imagine a fire...

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What is a calorie ? The energy obtained from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats is measured in units of heat called … calories . Energy is measured in Calories

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How do our bodies take food and make it into energy?

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Cellular Respiration! Cellular respiration is a chemical process in which glucose molecules are broken down to release energy (ATP) for cellular functions

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What types of organisms undergo cellular respiration? Cellular respiration occurs in ALL living cells!

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What happens to the food we eat? 1. We break our food down into small molecules 2. We use the energy stored in the bonds in our food to make ATP 3. A small amount of the food becomes waste

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What are some of the things that our body does that requires energy? Physical Activities Running Playing sports Pumping our hearts Cellular Activities Sending messages to our brain Transporting molecules in and out of our cells

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Cellular Respiration is a chemical reaction ! During chemical reactions, molecules break apart and rearrange to make new molecules.

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Like photosynthesis, cellular respiration has a specific chemical reaction that happens every time . O 2 + C 6 H 12 O 6  CO 2 + H 2 O + Energy (ATP) We breathe in oxygen and get glucose from our food We breathe out carbon dioxide +  (reactants) (products)

How is digested food used by the body?:

The body needs a constant supply of energy which comes from digested food. Glucose from digested carbohydrate is an important substance that contains stored chemical energy . How is digested food used by the body? When glucose reacts with oxygen a lot of energy is released. The release of energy from glucose is called… In the body’s cells, glucose and oxygen react to release energy . Some of this is released as heat and the rest is used by the cells. respiration

What is respiration?:

from the digestive system from the breathing system useful! waste product exhaled waste product exhaled Respiration is the process that the body uses to release energy from digested food (glucose): What is respiration? carbon dioxide glucose oxygen water energy

Comparing respiration and combustion:

When something burns, heat and light energy are released and carbon dioxide and water are also produced, so combustion is similar to respiration. Burning is the reaction between a fuel and oxygen. This reaction is called combustion : Comparing respiration and combustion carbon dioxide fuel oxygen water However, combustion is different because it is not controlled. Respiration is a controlled reaction which slowly releases energy from food in the body’s cells and the cells do not catch fire!

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Glucose is SUGAR & sugar is FOOD . Cell Respiration

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Organisms that cannot make their own food, are called heterotrophs , which means “other-feeders” They eat plants ( autotrophs) or other heterotrophs and convert sugar into energy Some heterotrophs, consuming some autotrophs Cell Respiration

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Plants and animals typically depend on each other as part of a GREAT CIRCLE Cell Respiration

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The Great Circle In the film “The Lion King” Mufasa explains to his son Simba how all living things are connected: Antelopes eat the grass, lions eat antelopes , but when the lions die, their bodies become food for the grass, and so the ‘circle of life’ goes on…. “ The Lion King” and its associated characters are the property of Walt Disney Pictures, Incorporated.

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One part of the circle, Cell Respiration , occurs in heterotrophs and autotrophs Another part, Photosynthesis , occurs in autotrophs Cell Respiration , : part of The Great Circle

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can be summarized with a simple equation: C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2  CO 2 + H 2 O + Energy (ATP) . Cell Respiration Does it look Familiar? It’s the opposite of Photosynthesis

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Cell Respiration

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PHOTOSYNTHESIS Sugars like glucose can be thought of as $ 100-dollar ‘bills’ of energy!

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Cell Respiration Breaks down sugars ( glucose ) into useable forms of energy called…

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What does energy look like in your cells? In cells, energy is stored in the form of ATP!

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ATP = A denosine T ri p hosphate Adenine, ribose, and 3 phosphate groups One big molecule that is made of 5 smaller molecules bonded together.

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Analogy for ATP: ATP molecules are like coins : handy for small amounts of ‘money’ ( energy ), but not practical when lots of ‘cash’ is needed. A T P

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You go to the laundromat with a $ 100 bill B ut- laundry machines don’t take $100 bills . What do you need to do? You need to break the $100 and get change… The Human Body is like… ATP and ENERGY-The Laundromat Analogy:

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Let’s break that $100 $ 100 $1 Stored Fat Glucose Quarter

$100 = Stored Fat:

$100 = Stored Fat Fat is the energy source for rest and prolonged activity at lower levels of exertion. Breaking down fat is a SLOW process. Just as getting change for the $100 bill may be take a while, using fat to meet cellular energy demands takes longer than using glucose and ATP .

$1 = glucose:

$1 = glucose G lucose is like having dollar bills that can be broken down to quarters in a change machine. Can carry more $1 bills than quarters . The human body stores enough glucose for short amounts of energy- not enough to sustain long duration of exercise or a period of time without food.

Quarters = ATP:

Quarters = ATP Immediate energy source (ATP) The amount of ATP stored is very limited. Provides short bursts of energy for 8-12 seconds of intense exercise.

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