SOCIOLOGICAL BASIS OF EDUCATION

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SOCIOLOGICAL BASIS OF EDUCATION : 

SOCIOLOGICAL BASIS OF EDUCATION Dr. Sushil Kumar SinghLecturer LOVELY INSTITUTE OF EDUCATIONLOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITYPUNJAB

Slide 2: 

SOCIOLOGY: August Comte (1798-1857)France Father of Sociology Soclus (Greek) + Logos (Latin) = sociology Implied scientific discipline or science of society Comte was followed by Herbert Spencer (Eng. Philosopher) writer of book ‘Principles of Sociology’ & who believed individual like a ‘cell’ and society like an ‘organism’ Defn; Sociology is the study of social relationships. It studies: -human behaviour in groups -social structure and social phenomena -different forms of human interrelations Branches of Specialization Criminal sociology Educational sociology Industrial sociology Medical sociology Occupational sociology Rural & Urban sociology

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SOCIOLOGICAL BASIS OF EDUCATION : -Implies sociology plays important role in educational issues -has led to the emergence of sociology of education or educational sociology -George Payne(USA);Father of educational sociology: He says, “Educational Sociology is the science which describes and explains institutions, groups and social processes in relation to the educational system in its evolution and changing function”

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-Ottaway “Educational sociology starts with the assumption that education is an activity which goes on in a society, and its aims and methods depends on the nature of the society, in which it takes place -Brown “Educational sociology is the study of interaction of the individual and his cultural environment including other individuals, social groups and patterns of behaviours

IMPORTANCE AND CONTRIBUTION OF EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY TO EDUCATION : 

IMPORTANCE AND CONTRIBUTION OF EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY TO EDUCATION SOCIOLOGY DISCHARGES FIVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS TECHNICAL: To determine the functions of educational institutions and to suggest necessary improvements INTRODUCTORY: Acquaint the people with the nature of education system and its processes and also indicates the directions which it should follow INFORMATIVE: Problems of the society and provides guidelines to education to solve them CULTURAL: To develop a cosmopolitan outlook, universal brotherhood and tolerance towards other societies and outlines the role of education in this task. DEMOCRATIC: Helps in understanding the democratic structure and developing democratic skills and values in the students as well as the masses

SOCIOLOGICAL BASIS AND; : 

SOCIOLOGICAL BASIS AND; AIMS OF EDUCATION Development of social feelings and qualities Development of a socially efficient individual Improvement of vocational efficiency Use of leisure time and development of healthy recreational pursuits Transmission of social heritage Diffusion of more and more knowledge Development of constructive and creative outlook of the individual Education for social service, social efficiency, emotional integration, national unity and patriotism

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CURRICULUM Based on conditions, problems and needs of society An agent for transmission of basic values of culture Prepare the child for global/world society Flexible and changeable for the effective realization of socially determined objectives Lead to the development of genuine ‘we feeling’ i.e. of a group having a spirit of social interaction METHODS OF TEACHING Enable child to acquire skills and knowledge needed Develop a capacity for social adjustment Develop problem solving and constructive thinking Socialised techniques; project and group methods

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ROLE OF THE TEACHER Destiny of the nation is shaped in classrooms by the teachers Be exposed to the concept of freedom, dignity of the individual, rights and duties so as to transmit the same to the younger generation Educational sociologists consider teacher as a social engineer working for social reconstruction Expected to possess right attitude of social behaviour Remain above casteism, regionalism, etc.

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THE SCHOOL Reflect and epitomize the larger society outside its walls Balance, purify and simplify the activities of the society in its environment DISCIPLINE Should come through participation in group activities and social service activities

CONCLUSION : 

CONCLUSION EDUCATION TAKES PLACE IN SOCIETY EDUCATION IS ESSENTIALLY A SOCIAL PROCESS SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT EDUCATES THE CHILD EDUCATION HAS A SOCIAL ROLE TO PLAY EDUCATION IS A LIFELONG PROCESS EDUCATION IS NOT ONLY SCHOOLING EDUCATION IS FORMAL, NON-FORMAL AND INFORMAL BESIDE SCHOOL; MANY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL FACTORS OF SOCIETY PLAY A DOMINENT ROLE IN EDUCATIONAL REFORMS EDUCATION MUST BE SOCIAL IN NATURE AND DEVELOP DEMOCRATIC SKILLS AND VALUES IN STUDENTS