Slide 1: Principles of Management SPAN OF CONTROL Span of control : Principles Of Management Span of control is a term originating in military organization theory, but now used more commonly in business management, particularly human resource management. Span of control refers to the number of subordinates a supervisor has.
The term Spam of Control is also known as ‘span of Management’ , ‘span of authority’ ‘span of supervision’. Definition : Principles Of Management Definition “Span of control implies the number of subordinaes reporting directly to an authority”
It refers to the number of people an executive can manage effectively. Slide 4: Principles Of Management The concept of span of control was developed in the United Kingdom in 1922 by Sir Ian Hamilton. It arose from the assumption that managers have finite amounts of time, energy, and attention to devote to their jobs.
In studies of British military leaders, Hamilton found that they could not effectively control more than three to six people directly. These figures have been generally accepted as the "rule of thumb" for span of control ever since. Slide 5: Principles Of Management More than a decade later, A.V. Graicumas illustrated the concept of span of control mathematically. His research showed that the number of interactions between managers and their subordinates—and thus the amount of time managers spent on supervision—increased geometrically as the managers' span of control became larger. Types Of Span Of Control : Principles Of Management Types Of Span Of Control Wider span Of control
Narrow Span Of control
Wider Span Of control also known as Flat oraganisation implies few levels of supervision.
The supervisor controls and guides the activites of subordinates directly under his control. Wide Span Of Control : Principles Of Management Wide Span Of Control Advantages
A wide span of control forces managers to develop clear goals and policies, delegate tasks effectively,
and select and train employees carefully.
Since employees get less supervision, they tend to take on more responsibility
and have higher morale with a wide span of control.
Managers with a wide span of control might become overloaded with work, have trouble making decisions, and lose control over their subordinates. Slide 8: Principles Of Management Narrow Span Of control
Narrow Span control implies tall or vertical Organisation.
There are many levels and more supervisors are required to perform the job of guidence and control for different activities. Narrow Span Of Control : Principles Of Management Narrow Span Of Control Narrow Span Of Control : Principles Of Management Narrow Span Of Control Advantages
A narrow span of control tends to give managers close control over operations and to facilitate fast communication between managers and employees.
A narrow span of control can also create a situation where managers are too involved in their subordinates' work, which can reduce innovation and morale among employees.
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