riyaz-WHD

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Slide 1: 

Dr. Riyaz Ahamed s WORLD HEALTH DAY 2010 URBAN HEALTH MATTERS

Introduction : 

Introduction More than half of the world’s population resides in urban areas The World Health Organization regards urbanization as an urgent public health concern In terms of health, urbanization presents challenges as well as opportunities.

Slide 3: 

Jawan -experiencing transition towards Urbanization.

Population covered by RHTC. : 

Population covered by RHTC.

AGE WISE DISTRIBUTON OF POPULATION (AREA UNDER RHTC)(2008) : 

AGE WISE DISTRIBUTON OF POPULATION (AREA UNDER RHTC)(2008)

Slide 6: 

Rapid urbanization – - natural growth in populations, - migration. Challenges of Urbanization- different transitions

Transitions…Keys to the Future : 

Transitions…Keys to the Future The Demographic Transition The Epidemiologic Transition The Nutrition Transition The Urban Transition…

Demographic transition : 

Demographic transition “The shift from high to low mortality and fertility”.

World Population Growth : 

World Population Growth

The Demographic Transition: Impact on Society : 

The Demographic Transition: Impact on Society

PROJECTED POPULATION : 

PROJECTED POPULATION

2.The Epidemiologic Transition : 

2.The Epidemiologic Transition

Childhood Under nutrition : 

Rural Average 49.6 38.4 Urban Average Nutritional Status Percentage of under 3 years underweight for age (< –2 SD) Childhood Under nutrition

Major causes of death in children under 5 with disease-specific contribution of undernutrition, : 

Major causes of death in children under 5 with disease-specific contribution of undernutrition, Diarrhea16%

Increase in NCD : 

Increase in NCD

3.The Nutrition Transition : 

3.The Nutrition Transition Pre-processed foods More food of animal origin Fall in cereal and fiber intake More sugar added to food More alcohol Urbanization Source: Popkin, BM, 2001. Journal of Nutrition; 131:871S-873S, 2001)

4.The Urban Transition : 

4.The Urban Transition INDIA TOTAL

Middle & Low Income Urban Area Growth : 

Middle & Low Income Urban Area Growth Most Growth in Urban Centers in the next 30 years

Challenges of urban health : 

Challenges of urban health HOW TO MANAGE AND OVERCOME THESE TRANSITIONS

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