Environmental Planning : Environmental Planning Dr. Deryck D. Pattron, Ph.D.
All Rights Reserved © 2009 Dr. Deryck D. Pattron, Ph.D. Slide 2: Failing to plan is planning to fail 2 Why Environmental Planning? : Why Environmental Planning? Provides tools and mechanisms for better understanding ourselves
Identifies risks and health hazards
Better utilization of scarce resources
Improves the quality of life
Encourages economic social growth
Supports and incorporates sound scientific and technical information 3 Introduction : Introduction Three essential components of environmental planning:
Implementation 4 Definitions of PlanningTerminology : Definitions of PlanningTerminology Planning is defined as a way or getting from point A to point B
Goal is defined as a directed effort
Policy is defined as a plan of action or guidelines
Procedure is defined as a method of doing things 5 Types of Planning : Types of Planning Project planning
Public health planning
Environmental health planning 6 The Planning Process : The Planning Process The planning process may consist of a six
Examination of the situation and its context.
Set goals and targets.
Set measurable objectives.
Design the programme.
Implement the programme.
Conduct the programme evaluation. 7 Step 1: Examination of Situation & its Context : Step 1: Examination of Situation & its Context Information for planned activities for public health
Available physical & human resources
Information about the population
Availability of utilities
GIS = Geographic Information System 8 Step 2: Set Goals & Targets : Step 2: Set Goals & Targets Broad attainable focal points
There may be several goals of increasing difficulty or complexity
Serves to focus time, energy, money and human resources in achieving set objectives 9 Step 3: Set Measurable Objectives : Step 3: Set Measurable Objectives Specific
Time specific 10 Step 4: Design the Programme : Step 4: Design the Programme Brainstorm
Mold integrated activities
Procedures and resources
Equipment 11 Step 5: Implement the Programme : Step 5: Implement the Programme Planned programme put into action
Changing economic situation
Re-assessment of available resources
Limit on what can be actually achieved 12 Step 6: Conduct the Programme Evaluation : Step 6: Conduct the Programme Evaluation What is expected?
What is actually achieved?
Evaluation = Gap between what is expected and what is achieved
Evaluate every two years or so
Measures progress towards goals
Dynamic not a static process 13 Case Study-Solid Waste : Case Study-Solid Waste A rural community in Trinidad does not have a garbage collection system
The positioning of houses in this area makes it difficult to collect garbage from house to house
Nearby rivers and water ways are being used as dumping grounds.
Flooding and the emergence of diseases of public health importance 14 The Goal : The Goal To protect and enhance the welfare of the community residents by collecting and properly disposing of solid waste in order to reduce diseases of public health importance 15 Objectives : Objectives 16 The Programme : The Programme 17 Implementation : Implementation 18 Programme Evaluation : Programme Evaluation 19 Conclusion : Conclusion Environmental planning is a critical thinking process of asking and answering the questions:
Where are we at present?
Where do we want to go or achieve from here?
How do we go about achieving this? 20 Slide 21: Questions 21 References : References Beck, J.E and Konkel, R.S. 1999. Participatory Planning. Occupational Health and Safety Magazine 69(8):97-103
Capper, S.A., Ginter, P.A.,Swayne, L.E. 2002. Public Health Leadership and Management: Cases and Context. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Morgan M.T. 2003. Environmental Health. Thomson Learning, CA. 22