Environmental Planning


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This presentation deals with the principles of environmental planning,


Presentation Transcript

Environmental Planning : 

Environmental Planning Dr. Deryck D. Pattron, Ph.D. All Rights Reserved © 2009 Dr. Deryck D. Pattron, Ph.D.

Slide 2: 

Failing to plan is planning to fail 2

Why Environmental Planning? : 

Why Environmental Planning? Provides tools and mechanisms for better understanding ourselves Identifies risks and health hazards Better utilization of scarce resources Improves the quality of life Prevents epidemics Encourages economic social growth Supports and incorporates sound scientific and technical information 3

Introduction : 

Introduction Three essential components of environmental planning: Current status Vision Implementation 4

Definitions of PlanningTerminology : 

Definitions of PlanningTerminology Planning is defined as a way or getting from point A to point B Goal is defined as a directed effort Policy is defined as a plan of action or guidelines Procedure is defined as a method of doing things 5

Types of Planning : 

Types of Planning Project planning Comprehensive planning Urban planning Public health planning Environmental health planning 6

The Planning Process : 

The Planning Process The planning process may consist of a six step method: Examination of the situation and its context. Set goals and targets. Set measurable objectives. Design the programme. Implement the programme. Conduct the programme evaluation. 7

Step 1: Examination of Situation & its Context : 

Step 1: Examination of Situation & its Context Information for planned activities for public health Available physical & human resources Information about the population Area geography Weather patterns Availability of utilities GIS = Geographic Information System 8

Step 2: Set Goals & Targets : 

Step 2: Set Goals & Targets Broad attainable focal points There may be several goals of increasing difficulty or complexity Serves to focus time, energy, money and human resources in achieving set objectives 9

Step 3: Set Measurable Objectives : 

Step 3: Set Measurable Objectives Specific Measurable Achievable Realistic Time specific 10

Step 4: Design the Programme : 

Step 4: Design the Programme Brainstorm Create Mold integrated activities Procedures and resources Labour Money Facilities Equipment 11

Step 5: Implement the Programme : 

Step 5: Implement the Programme Planned programme put into action Materials Personnel Technology Commitment Changing economic situation Re-assessment of available resources Limit on what can be actually achieved 12

Step 6: Conduct the Programme Evaluation : 

Step 6: Conduct the Programme Evaluation What is expected? What is actually achieved? Evaluation = Gap between what is expected and what is achieved Evaluate every two years or so Measures progress towards goals Dynamic not a static process 13

Case Study-Solid Waste : 

Case Study-Solid Waste A rural community in Trinidad does not have a garbage collection system The positioning of houses in this area makes it difficult to collect garbage from house to house Nearby rivers and water ways are being used as dumping grounds. Flooding and the emergence of diseases of public health importance 14

The Goal : 

The Goal To protect and enhance the welfare of the community residents by collecting and properly disposing of solid waste in order to reduce diseases of public health importance 15

Objectives : 

Objectives 16

The Programme : 

The Programme 17

Implementation : 

Implementation 18

Programme Evaluation : 

Programme Evaluation 19

Conclusion : 

Conclusion Environmental planning is a critical thinking process of asking and answering the questions: Where are we at present? Where do we want to go or achieve from here? How do we go about achieving this? 20

Slide 21: 

Questions 21

References : 

References Beck, J.E and Konkel, R.S. 1999. Participatory Planning. Occupational Health and Safety Magazine 69(8):97-103 Capper, S.A., Ginter, P.A.,Swayne, L.E. 2002. Public Health Leadership and Management: Cases and Context. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA. Morgan M.T. 2003. Environmental Health. Thomson Learning, CA. 22

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