Healtyh Promotion in Neighbourhoods

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This presentation deals with health promotion in neighbourhoods.

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Health Promotion in Neighbourhoods : 

Health Promotion in Neighbourhoods By Dr. Deryck D. Pattron, Ph.D. Public Health & Safety Consultant All Reserved Rights © 2008 Dr. Deryck D. Pattron

Definitions : 

Definitions Neighbourhood small localities where people know each other and the provision of essential services bounded geographically residents define their local neighbourhood Immediate environment where people live, work and play

Why neighbourhoods are an ideal setting for health? : 

Why neighbourhoods are an ideal setting for health? Infrastructure for health Provision of physical environment Provision of social environment Provision of services Shops Post offices Places of worship Sports facilities Community halls Transport systems Health services

Critical Reflections : 

Critical Reflections How would you define your neighbourhood? In what ways does your neighbourhood support health? In what ways does your neighbourhood compromise health?

Physical Environment : 

Physical Environment Any locality, area or environment where we live, learn, play and interact with others The environment is responsible for 24 % of the total burden of disease (WHO, 2007)

The Social Environment : 

The Social Environment Is a powerful determinant of health Social cohesion Existence of social networks Active involvement in the community

Social Capital : 

Social Capital Social cohesion and the cumulative experience of relationships Is only possible above a certain threshold of income (Moser, 1996) Social capital is not only positive, but can be negative as well drug dealing and criminality rely on closely integrated networks

Critical Reflection : 

Critical Reflection Can crime and fear have a detrimental effect on people’s health? What measures could be used in achieving community safety? pre-school education? community policing? Increased surveillance of the physical environment?

Services : 

Services Adequate service infrastructure shops, groceries and post offices fire stations, police stations, schools, hospitals, health centers healthy living centers: Improve quality of life Address the needs of the most disadvantaged Encourage community participation Complement local and regional strategies

Evaluating Neighbourhood Work : 

Evaluating Neighbourhood Work

Conclusion : 

Conclusion The Neighbourhood is important in health promotion because it is: Valuable setting for accessing vulnerable groups-the young, the aged, immunocompromised, the pregnant, the low income earner and socially displaced people Important avenue for addressing core determinants of health Provide opportunity to address people’s self-defined needs and concerns

References : 

References http://www.euro.who.int/envhealth Naidoo J and Wills J 2000 Health Promotion: Foundations for Practice. Bailliere Tindall, Edinburgh, Moser C 1996 confronting crisis. Comparative study of household responses to poverty and vulnerability in four urban communities. Environmentally sustainable investment studies, monograms series. World Bank, Washington WHO 1997 New players for a new era: leading health promotion into the 21st century. 4th International Conference on Health Promotion, Jakarta, Indonesia 21-25 July 1997. Conference Report WHO, Geneva/Ministry of Health, Indonesia

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