Duckery for Socioeconomic Empowerment

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Duckery for Empowering Farm Women by Dr. Avijit Dey. May2014.

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X: A¢i¢Sv ­c Hj ¢ i Hp¢p , ¢f HCQ ¢X Dr. Avijit Dey , M.V.Sc ., Ph.D. NË¡j£e BbÑp¡j ¡¢SL Eæu­e q¡yp f¡me Duckery for Socioeconomic Empowerment of Farmers

fË­u¡Se£ua¡ :-:

fË­u¡Se£ua¡ :- NË¡j h¡wm¡u M¡m, ¢hm, ec£, e¡m¡ - Ae¤L¨m f¢l­hn p¤¤oj M¡cÉ M¤h Lj fË­u¡Se - Sm¡nu ­b­L J l¡æ¡l E¢µRø M¡cÉ j¤lN£l ­b­L hR­l 40-50 ¢V ¢Xj ­hn£ Hhw ¢X­jl JSe 15-20 NË¡j ­hn£, c¡jJ ­hn£ ­l¡N hÉ¡¢d j¤lN£l a¥me¡u Lj Eæa h¡pÙÛ¡­el clL¡l ­eC - ¢iy­S pÉ¡yapÉy¡­a S¡uN¡ Ešj ­rœ

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q¡yp c¤-¢ae hRl ¢Xj f¡­s q¡yp j§max naLl¡ 95 i¡N ¢Xj ­cu pL¡m 9 V¡l j­dÉ - f¢lnËj Lj J abÉ pwNËq pqS j¡­Rl p¡­b ¢jnË Q¡­o MlQ Lj

­Le My¡¢L LÉ¡Çf­hm q¡yp?:

­Le My¡¢L LÉ¡Çf­hm q¡yp? pwLl¡ue fÜ¢a­a Evfæ Eæa S¡­al q¡yp k¡ ¢Xj Evf¡c­el SeÉ ¢hMÉ¡a 120-130 ¢c­eC ¢Xj f¡s­a öl¦ L­l Efk¤š² f¢lQkÑ¡u hR­l 280-300 ¢V ¢Xj f¡Ju¡ k¡u ­kM¡­e ­cn£ q¡y­p 100 ¢Vl ­hn£ eu Ni£l Sm¡n­ul clL¡l ­eC- öd¤ pÀ¡e Ll¡l ja Sm J S­ml Ni£la¡ clL¡l

q¡yp, j¤lN£ J ­L¡­u­ml ¢X­jl f¤¢øj§mÉ :- (fË¢a 100 NË¡j ­M¡m¡ R¡s¡ ¢Xj):

q¡yp, j¤lN£ J ­L¡­u­ml ¢X­jl f¤¢øj§mÉ :- (fË¢a 100 NË¡j ­M¡m¡ R¡s¡ ¢Xj) fËS¡¢al ¢Xj Sm (NË¡j) ­fË¡¢Ve (NË¡j) gÉ¡V (NË¡j) nLÑl¡ (NË¡j) M¢eS (NË¡j) n¢š² (¢L­m¡LÉ¡­m¡¢l) q¡yp 71.0 13.9 14.5 0.5 1.0 189 j¤lN£ 73.7 12.9 11.5 0.9 1.0 163 ­L¡­um 74.2 13.1 11.0 1.0 1.1 161

My¡¢L LÉ¡Çf­hm q¡y­pl °h¢nøÉ :-:

My¡¢L LÉ¡Çf­hm q¡y­pl °h¢nøÉ :-

¢Li¡­h f¡me Ll­he?:

¢Li¡­h f¡me Ll­he? f¤L¥­l q¡yp f¡me (j¤š²¡‰Z) O­l q¡yp f¡me (Bhªa¡‰Z) p¤¤pwqa fÜ¢a (C¢¾V­NË­VX g¡¢jÑw)

f¤L¥­l q¡yp f¡me :-:

f¤L¥­l q¡yp f¡me :- 0.5 ­qƒ­l 100 ¢V q¡yp ­X¡h¡l Sm ­ke Aü¡ÙÛÉLl e¡ qu a¡­ll S¡m h¡ h¡y­nl M¤y¢V ¢c­u S¡uN¡ ¢Ol­a q­h

O­l q¡yp f¡me (Bhªa¡‰Z) :-:

O­l q¡yp f¡me (Bhªa¡‰Z) :- O­l fkÑ¡ç B­m¡ h¡a¡p fË­u¡Se fÔ¡¢ØV­Ll / ­f¡s¡ j¡¢Vl / ¢p­j­¾Vl °al£ hsf¡­œ Sm plhl¡q Ll­a q­h O­ll °cOÑÉ hl¡hl f¡L¡ e¡m¡ hup (pç¡q) S¡uN¡ (hNÑ¢jV¡l) 0-4 0.09 5-16 0.279 17 h¡ ­h¢n 0.3 -0.4 q¡yp ¢fR¥ b¡L¡l S¡uN¡

p¤¤pwqa Ef¡­u q¡yp f¡me :-:

p¤¤pwqa Ef¡­u q¡yp f¡me :- 1 ­qƒl f¤L¥­l 8500 j¡­Rl Q¡l¡­f¡e¡ Hhw 500 M¡y¢L LÉ¡Çf­hm q¡yp f¡me L­l hR­l 4000 ­L¢S j¡R Hhw 250 ¢V ¢Xj fË¢aq¡yp f¡Ju¡ ­k­a f¡­l q¡y­pl ¢hù¡ J q¡y­pl f¢laÉš² M¡cÉ j¡­Rl M¡cÉ ¢qp¡­h hÉhq¡l qu f¤L¥­ll EhÑla¡ h¡s¡u- SmS M¡cÉ hÙ¹¥ °al£ Ll­a p¡q¡kÉ L­l f¤L¥­ll p¡l fË­u¡­Nl clL¡l ­eC

q¡y­pl M¡cÉ :-:

q¡y­pl M¡cÉ :- j¤š²¡‰Z- O¡p f¡a¡, ­f¡L¡j¡Ls, ­Ly­Q¡, n¡j¤L, …N¢m, E¢á‹ LZ¡, fË¡Z£S LZ¡ Bhªa¡‰Z- h¡S¡­ll h¡ O­l °al£ Ll¡ p¤¤oj M¡h¡l Hhw ­by­a¡ Ll¡ n¡j¤L

q¡y­pl h¡µQ¡ AhÙÛ¡u, h¡s¿¹ AhÙÛ¡u J ¢Xjf¡s¡ AhÙÛ¡u f¤¢øl Q¡¢qc¡ :-:

q¡y­pl h¡µQ¡ AhÙÛ¡u, h¡s¿¹ AhÙÛ¡u J ¢Xjf¡s¡ AhÙÛ¡u f¤¢øl Q¡¢qc¡ :- M¡cÉ ­fË¡¢Ve (na¡wn) n¢š² (¢L. LÉ¡m.) f¢lj¡Z (NË¡j/¢ce) X¡L ØV¡VÑ¡l (0-4 pç¡q) 20 2850 4- 100 X¡L ­NË¡u¡l (4-16 pç¡q) 17 2850 100-120 X¡L ­mu¡l (16 pç¡­ql ­hn£) 18 2800 130- 160

My¡¢L LÉ¡Çf­hm qy¡­pl M¡cÉ a¡¢mL¡ ­j¡V- 100 i¡N:

My¡¢L LÉ ¡ Çf­hm qy¡­pl M¡cÉ a¡¢mL¡ ­j¡V- 100 i¡N Ef¡c¡e h¡µQ¡ qy¡p h¡s¿¹ qy¡p ¢Xjf¡s¡ qy¡p qm¤c i¥–¡ i¡P¡ 25 40 30 Nj i¡P¡ 35 25 20 Q¡­ml Ly¥s¡ 8 10 17 pu¡¢he ­M¡m 25 15 20 öyV¢L j¡­Rl Ny¥s¡ 5 8 8 n¡j¤­Ll ­M¡m¡ Q¨ZÑ - - 3 M¢eS mhZ 2 2 2

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fË¢a 100 ­L¢S M¡­cÉ 35 NË¡j ­l¡¢i¢j„, 5 NË¡j ¢eu¡¢pe, 35 NË¡j ­L¡¢me ­LÓ¡l¡CX Hhw 50 NË¡j AÉ¡¢¸Vh¡­u¡¢VL ­jn¡­a q­h O­l¡u¡ pÙ¹¡l M¡h¡l ­kje hy¡¢p f¡El¦¢V, l¡æ¡ O­ll E¢µRø (g¥¢V­u) ­cJu¡ ­k­a f¡­l k¡ M¡h¡­ll MlQ Lj Ll­h

qy¡­pl LaV¡ M¡h¡l fË­u¡Se?:

qy¡­pl LaV¡ M¡h¡l fË­u¡Se? ­R¡V f¤L¥l h¡ ­X¡h¡ pq ­M¡m¡ S¡uN¡u qy¡p f¡me Ll­m M¡h¡­ll ¢h­no clL¡l qu e¡z qy¡p ¢fR¥ ¢c­e 50-60 NË¡j M¡h¡l q­mC Qm­h BhÜ AhÙÛ¡u qy¡p ¢fR¥ 4-5 ­L¢S (8 pç¡q fkÑ¿¹), 12-13 ­L¢S (20 pç¡q fkÑ¿¹), 50 ­L¢S (¢Xj f¡s¡ qy¡p, hR­l)

qy¡p­L ¢Li¡­h J ¢c­e L"h¡l M¡h¡l?:

qy¡p­L ¢Li¡­h J ¢c­e L"h¡l M¡h¡l? j¤š²¡‰e fÜ¢a­a f¡m­el ­r­œ pL¡­m HLh¡l J ¢h­L­m qy¡p­L O­l ­a¡m¡l pju HLh¡l AÒf M¡h¡l ¢c­mC q­h BhÜ AhÙÛ¡u ¢c­e c¤-¢ae h¡l M¡cÉ ¢c­a q­h M¡h¡­ll f¡­œl L¡­R ph pju S­ml f¡œ l¡M­a q­h

qy¡­pl kaÀ J f¢lQkÑ¡:

qy¡­pl kaÀ J f¢lQkÑ¡ My¡¢L LÉ¡Çf­hm qy¡­pl h¡µQ¡l 1-21 ¢ce fkÑ¿¹ ­hn£ kaÀ fË­u¡Se qy¡­pl h¡µQ¡­L ¢p­j­¸Vl ­j­T­a L¡­Wl …y­s¡ ¢h¢R­u a¡l Efl l¡M¡ k¡u 21-30 ¢ce fkÑ¿¹ h¡µQ­cl a¡f ¢c­u l¡M­a qu, k¡­L hË¥¢Xw h­m ehS¡a h¡µQ¡­L NÔ¥­L¡S Sm h¡ C­mLVÊm f¡EX¡l ¢j¢nËa Sm ­M­a ­cJu¡ fË­u¡Sez fËbj 2-3 ¢ce M¡cÉ­L S­ml p¡­b ¢j¢n­u elj J f¡am¡ L­l M¡Ju¡­a qu

…:

… 21-30 ¢ce fl p¡d¡lZ ­j­T h¡ f¤L¥­l R¡s¡ ­k­a f¡­l p¡l¡l¡a ­iS¡ M¡h¡l LMeC ­cJu¡ E¢Qa euz H­a qy¡­pll nl£­l BgÓ¡V¢„e pª¢øL¡l£ Rœ¡L fË­hn L­l Hhw iu¡hq ­l¡N pª¢ø L­l ¢Xjf¡s¡ qy¡­pl O­l ¢c­el B­m¡ R¡s¡J 2-4 O¸V¡ L«¢œj B­m¡ ¢c­m ¢Xj Evf¡ce h¡­s

…:

… L«¢jl fË­L¡f ­b­L j¤š² l¡M­a hoÑ¡l öl¦­a J ­n­o AhnÉC L«¢je¡nL Jo¤d M¡Ju¡­a q­h LLÚ¢p¢XJ¢pp ­l¡N k¡­a e¡ qu a¡l SeÉ qy¡p­L fË¢a­l¡dL j¡œ¡u LLÚ¢p¢Xu¡ e¡nL Jo¤d M¡Ju¡­a q­h fË¢a­l¡dL j¡œ¡u S£h¡Z¤ e¡nL Jo¤d M¡Ju¡­e¡ E¢Qa

…:

… AaÉ¢dL Nl­j ¢qV­ØVÊ¡­Ll q¡a ­b­L h¡yQ¡­a - NÔ¥­L¡S Sm h¡ …s Sm (50 NË¡j/¢m.) ­M­a ¢c­m Bl¡j q­h - ¢iV¡¢je ¢p h¡ j¡¢ÒV ¢iV¡¢je ¢c­a q­h - M¤h pL¡­m J påÉ¡l fl ­M­a ¢c­a q­h

PowerPoint Presentation:

HL q¡S¡l My¡¢L LÉÇf­hm q¡y­pl ej¤e¡ fËLÒf (BhÜ AhÙÛ¡u) j§mde MlQ: (L) Ol h¡hc *HL¢V hË¥X¡l J ­NË¡u¡l Ol (1000 h.g¥V) *HL¢V ­mu¡l Ol (2000 h.g¥V) 20*3000= 60,000.00 V¡L¡ (M) k¿»f¡¢a (5 V¡L¡/ q¡yp) 5*1000= 5000.00 V¡L¡ (N) q¡yp h¡µQ¡ 1100 (10 V¡L¡/ q¡yp) 10*1100= 11,000.00 V¡L¡ (O) M¡h¡l MlQ 0-20 pç¡q (11 ­L¢S/ q¡yp, 8V¡/­L¢S)= 96,800.00 V¡L¡ (P) Jo¤d, V£L¡, nË¢jL (10 V¡L¡/ q¡yp) = 10,000.00 V¡L¡ ­j¡V= 1,82,800.00 V¡L¡ q¡yp f¡m­el Bu-hÉ¡­ul ¢qp¡h

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BhÑa MlQ ( fË¢a hRl ): * M¡h¡l (50 ­L¢S/q¡yp, 8V¡L¡/­L¢S) = 4,00,000.00 V¡L¡ * Jo¤d, nË¢jL CaÉ¡¢c (8V¡L¡/q¡yp) = 8,000.00 V¡L¡ ­j¡V= 4,08,000.00 V¡L¡ ­l¡SL¡l: *2,80,000 ¢V ¢Xj (280¢V ¢Xj/q¡yp, 1.50V¡/¢Xj) = 4,20,000.00 V¡L¡ *40Ve p¡l (400V¡/ Ve) = 16,000.00 V¡L¡ *q¡yp ¢h¢œ² L­l (40 V¡/ q¡yp) = 40,000.00 V¡L¡ ­j¡V= 4,76,000.00 V¡L¡ ­j¡V m¡i = (4,76,000-4,08,000.00) = 68,000.00 V¡L¡ 15 na¡wn p¤¤c j§md­el (1,82,800 V¡) Efl =27,420.00 V¡L¡ fËL«a m¡i = 68,000-27,420 V¡L¡ = 40,580.00 V¡L¡

PowerPoint Presentation:

HLn My¡¢L LÉÇf­hm q¡y­pl ej¤e¡ fËLÒf (j¤š²¡‰e fÜ¢a­a) j§mde MlQ: (L) Ol h¡hc = 5,000.00 V¡L¡ (M) k¿»f¡¢a (5 V¡L¡/ q¡yp) 5*100= 500.00 V¡L¡ (N) q¡yp h¡µQ¡ 100 (10 V¡L¡/ q¡yp) 10*100= 1,000.00 V¡L¡ (O) M¡h¡l MlQ*0-4 pç¡q (1.5 ­L¢S/ q¡yp, 8V¡/­L¢S) =1200.00 V¡L¡ *5-20 pç¡q (20 NË¡./q¡yp/¢ce, 8 V¡/­L¢S) = 1800.00 V¡L¡ (P) Jo¤d, V£L¡, nË¢jL (5 V¡L¡/ q¡yp) = 500.00 V¡L¡ ­j¡V= 10,000.00 V¡L¡

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BhÑa MlQ ( fË¢a hRl ): * M¡h¡l (50 NË¡./q¡yp/¢ce, 8V¡L¡/­L¢S) = 14,600.00 V¡L¡ * ¢iV¡¢je, Jo¤d, CaÉ¡¢c (10V¡L¡/q¡yp) = 100.00 V¡L¡ ­j¡V= 14,700.00 V¡L¡ ­l¡SL¡l: (fË¢a hRl) *225¢V ¢Xj/q¡yp, 2V¡/¢Xj) = 45,000.00 V¡L¡ *q¡yp ¢h¢œ² L­l (40 V¡/ q¡yp) = 4,000.00 V¡L¡ ­j¡V= 49,000.00 V¡L¡ ­j¡V m¡i= (49,000-14,700.00)= 34,300.00 V¡L¡ 15 na¡wn p¤¤c j§md­el (10,000 V¡) Efl =1500.00 V¡L¡ fËL«a m¡i = 34,300-1500 V¡L¡= 32, 800.00 V¡L¡

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