Biomedical (Hospital) waste DR b anil kumar

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BIOMEDICAL (HOSPITAL) WASTE MANAGEMENT : 

BIOMEDICAL (HOSPITAL) WASTE MANAGEMENT DR B ANIL KUMAR M.D ASST PROF DEPT OF COMMUNTY MEDICINE (SPM) NRI MEDICAL COLLEGE

Biomedical waste : 

Biomedical waste Waste generated in the diagnosis, treatment and immunization of human beings or animals, in research orin the production and testing of biological products

Classification : 

Classification All hospital wastes can be classified into: _Non hazardous waste-80% _Bio hazardous waste-20%

Bio hazardous waste : 

Bio hazardous waste Infectious waste- 15%(sharps,non sharps, plastics disposables ,liquid waste) Non infectious waste- 5%(radioactive waste, discarded glass, chemical waste, cytotoxic waste, incinerated waste) Any infectious or non infectious Bio hazardous waste mixed with general waste renders the whole waste Bio hazardous

Bio Medical Waste :(Management and Handling) RulesThe Gazette of India : 

Bio Medical Waste :(Management and Handling) RulesThe Gazette of India Extraordinary, Part II-Section3-Subsection(ii) _ MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS NOTIFICATION _ 20th July, 1998

Application : 

Application _ These rules apply to all those persons who _ Generate _ Collect _ Receive _ Store _ Transport _ Treat _ Dispose _ Handle the biomedical waste

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE : 

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE Category No. 1 Human Anatomical Waste (human tissues, organs, body parts) Category No. 2 Animal Waste (animal tissues, organs, body parts carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospitals, colleges, discharge from hospitals, animal houses )

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE : 

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE Category No. 3 Microbiology & Biotechnology Waste (Wastes from laboratory cultures, human and animal cell culture, infectious agents from research and industrial laboratories, wastes from production of biologicals, etc Category No. 4 Waste Sharps (needles, syringes, scalpels, blade, glass, etc. that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps)

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE : 

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE Category No. 5 Discarded Medicines and Cytotoxic drugs (Waste comprising of outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines) Category No. 6 Soiled Waste (items contaminated with blood, and body fluids including cotton, dressings, soiled plaster casts, lines bedding, other material contaminated with blood) Category No. 7 Solid Waste (Waste generated from disposal items other than the sharps such a tubings, catheters, intravenous sets

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE : 

CATEGORIES OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE Category No. 8 Liquid Waste (Waste generated from laboratory and washing, cleaning, housekeeping and disinfecting activities) Category No. 9 Incineration Ash (Ash from incineration of any bio-medical waste) Category No. 10 Chemical Waste (Chemicals used in production of biologicals,chemicals used in disinfection, as insecticides, etc.)

Colour coding-biomedical waste : 

Colour coding-biomedical waste Yellow bag cat1- human anatomical cat2- animal waste Cat5-discarded medicines and cytotoxic drugs cat6-soiled waste.

Colour coding-biomedical waste : 

Colour coding-biomedical waste Red bag Cat3-microbiological waste Cat6- soiled waste Cat7-solid waste

Treatment or Disposal : 

Treatment or Disposal Category no. 1 Incineration /deep burial Category no. 2 Incineration/deep burial Category no. 3 Local autoclaving/deep burial Category no. 4 Disinfection (chem. treatment/autoclaving) and mutilation/shredding

Treatment or Disposal : 

Treatment or Disposal Category no. 5 Incineration Category no. 6 Incineration/ autoclaving Category no. 7 Disinfection by chem. treatment, Autoclaving Category no. 8 Disinfection by chem. method and discharge into drains.

Treatment or Disposal : 

Treatment or Disposal Category no. 9 Disposal in municipal landfills Category no. 10 Chem. Treatment and discharge into drains for liquids and landfills for solids

Points to remember : 

Points to remember Chemical treatment is done by using at least 1% sodium hypochlorite solution and disinfection must be ensured. Mutilation/ shredding should be such so as to prevent unauthorized reuse. No chemical pretreatment before incineration No chlorinated plastics to be incinerated. Deep burial only in areas with less than 5L people