Drug Addiction 2014

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Drug Addiction وبئس المصير:

Drug Addiction وبئس المصير

Addiction ??:

Addiction ?? Addiction the continued use of a substance despite its detrimental effects, impaired control over the use of a drug (compulsive behavior), and preoccupation with a drug's use for non-therapeutic purposes (i.e. craving the drug). Its may be associated with tolerance, physical dependence & withdrawal syndrome Other social & behavior disturbances may exist usually involve alterations in CNS neurotransmission.

Most addicting drugs affects CNS neurotransmittion:

Most addicting drugs affects CNS neurotransmittion

Habituation:

Habituation is a mild form of drug dependence It describes the emotional or psychological dependence (psychic craving) for a drug . If the drug is stopped, the individual might develop some emotional stress for a relatively short period of time but finally recover e.g. tobacoo smoking, coffee and tea habit

Withdrawal syndrome:

Withdrawal syndrome The withdrawal or abstinence syndrome produces specific manifestations according to the type of drug and does not occur as long as adequate dosage is maintained. Some of these symptoms are the reverse of the normal pharmacological actions of the drug and may sometimes be very severe

Physical dependence:

Physical dependence involves physiologic adaptation to chronic use of a drug so that unpleasant symptoms occur when the drug is stopped or its action is antagonized by another drug. . .

Tobacco dependence:

Tobacco dependence Nicotine is the active ingredient in tobacco. . In combination with the tars and carbon monoxide found in cigarette smoke, nicotine represents a serious factor for lung and cardiovascular various cancers as well as other inllnesses. .

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السجائر بداية الادمان

Nicotine withdrawal syndrome:

Nicotine withdrawal syndrome Irritability, impatience, restlessness anxiety, dysphonria depressed mood, difficulty concentrating,, decreased heart rate increased appetite or weigh gain.

Effects of chronic smoking:

Effects of chronic smoking These are only examples Cancer of mouth ,throat and oesophagus etc Coronary heart disease Women who smoke are more likely to be infertile.

We should avoid Passive Smoking :

We should avoid Passive Smoking Many nonsokers are exposed to tobacco smoke.. Substances are found in greater concentrations in in sidestream smoke than in mainstream smoke include nicotine (x2.7),carbon monoxide (x2.5),ammonia (x73) and some carcinogen (e.g. benzo-a-pyrene x3.4).

Oral cancer:

Oral cancer Thorax cancers

Ethyl alcoholام الخبائث :

Ethyl alcohol ام الخبائث The acute effect is to block N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors for which glutamate is the normal agonist (main excitatory transmitter)

Organ Toxicity:

Organ Toxicity Chronic heavy alcohol use is associated with : hepatic cirrhosis deteriorating brain function (Psychotic states, seizure)

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.Myopathy (including cardiomyopathy) .Cancer of upper the upper alimentary and respiratory tracts .Hepatic carcinoma .Breast cancer in women .Chronic pancreatitis .Bone marrow depression .Hypertension

Withdrawal of alcohol:

Withdrawal of alcohol Sudden withdrawal of alcohol may lead to .agitation .anxiety .Psychotic attack .seizure .sympathetic over activity

seizure:

seizure

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS:

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS is a birth defect caused by a mother's alcohol intake during pregnancy. The symptoms of FAS are mental retardation, poor growth, facial defects, and behavioral problems. It is one of the leading causes of mental retardation in children.

الغر غرينا نتيجة جلطات القدم *:

الغر غرينا نتيجة جلطات القدم * ادمان الكحوليات يزيد من نسب الاصابه بالسكرى ويكون من نتائجه مع الاهمال

Cannabis: :

Cannabis: Cannabis is obtained from the annual plant cannabis sative. The preparations that are smoked are called marijuana (leaves and flowers). Resin that is scraped off the plant is known as hashish.

Features of smoking cannabis :

Features of smoking cannabis Psychological reactions commence within minutes of starting to smoke and last 2-3 hrs.. Euphoria is common With pointless laughing. size of objects and distance are distorted. Sense of time disappear. Reddening of the eyeball

Amphetamine:

Amphetamine Dextroamphetamine & Methamphetamine may be smoked,

Undesirable side effects:

Undesirable side effects insomnia, irritability, weakness, dizziness, tremor and hyperactive reflexes. confusion and succidal tendencies. . palpitation ,cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension and anginal pain. nausea, vomiting ,diarrhea .

الايدز اكثر انتشارا بين المدمنين و؟؟؟؟؟:

الايدز اكثر انتشارا بين المدمنين و؟؟؟؟؟ فم لمريض مصاب باليدز

References:

References مجموعة محاضرات :الادمان وآثاره – جامعة الملك عبد العزيز- اد سميرة اسلام الادمان د محمد البار مواقع دعوية وتربويه متفرقة اهمها www.ncnc.org.sa الهيئة الوطنية السعوديه لمكافحة المخدرات الجمعية  العربية  للتوعية  من العقاقير  الخطرة  و  المخدرات   www.ASPADD.web.jo

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