TED_HOSE_09-09-14

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Blood Clots, Pulmonary Embolism, DVT’s, and the Use of T.E.D Hose:

Blood Clots, Pulmonary Embolism, DVT’s, and the Use of T.E.D Hose By Manuel A. Gallegos, RN, BSN & Patty Stottlemyer RN

Blood Flow: Heart, Arteries and Veins:

Blood Flow: Heart, Arteries and Veins 2 2

Walking - Muscles Contract:

Walking - Muscles Contract When walking , muscles contract, putting pressure on the veins Pushing venous blood flow from the feet, into the calves, into the thighs, and back to the heart When clients are just sitting all day, the muscles are not putting pressure on the veins Blood is not getting pushed back to the heart as well as when the muscle are contracting with walking 3

Walking - muscles Contract:

Walking - muscles Contract Then the blood just sits (pools) in the lower legs, especially in the sitting position Pooling of blood can cause clots to form, especially after hip, or other leg bone surgery If the clots break off from the vein, they can travel up to the heart and out to the arteries of the lungs This can block blood flow to the lung, the person can stop breathing, and possibly die 4

Blood Flow / Blood Clots:

Blood Flow / Blood Clots

What is an Embolus?:

What is an Embolus? A blood clot is carried through the blood stream into the pulmonary artery or one of its branches, plugging that vessel

PowerPoint Presentation:

7 7

What is a Deep Vein Thrombosis:

What is a Deep Vein Thrombosis A blood clot in a deep vein can break off and travel through the bloodstream Deep vein thrombosis (Throm-BO-sis), or DVT, is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in the body The loose clot is called an embolus (EM-bo-lus) Most deep vein blood clots occur in the lower leg or thigh can cause pain , swelling, or warmth in the leg

Deep Vein Thrombosis:

Deep Vein Thrombosis 9

Examples of DVT:

Examples of DVT 10

What are TED Hose?:

What are TED Hose? Elastic, tight fitting stockings that keep mild pressure on the feet & legs Goal: To prevent blood from “pooling” in lower legs and forming blood clots To prevent fluid from accumulating in feet and ankles in patients with heart problems – Called swelling or edema

TED Hose: :

TED Hose: T hrombo - E mbolic D eterrent Hose Thrombo = Blood Clot Embolic = clogging vein Pressure stockings that squeeze blood back to the heart Goal: To prevent blood clots in the legs

TED Hose: :

TED Hose: Squeezes Blood in leg veins back to the heart

Who wears TED Hose?:

Who wears TED Hose? 1. Patients inactive after surgery, especially hip and leg bone surgery 2. Patients with poor venous (vein) circulation 3. Patients with foot & leg edema 4. Heart problems

What Caregiver’s should know about TED Hose:

What Caregiver’s should know about TED Hose Some people wear TED hose only during the day when out of bed, then take off at night Some clients will wear both day and night Take them off for at least one hour a day Keep TED Hose clean, change if wet or soiled

TED Hose Care:

TED Hose Care Launder/wash frequently Cold or warm wash or hand wash Bleaching TED hose is not recommended

Summary:

Summary 1.Thrombo means Blood Clot 2. An Embolus is something that travels through the bloodstream, lodges in a blood vessel and blocks it 3. A P.E. stands for Pulmonary Embolism A D.V.T. stands for deep vein thrombosis 4. The symptoms of DVT are: pain, swelling, and warmth to leg 5. T.E.D. stands for Thrombo-Embolic Deterrent 6. T.E.D. hose can be hand washed, No bleach

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