UNDERSTANDING BASIC NEEDS_rev9-23-12

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UNDERSTANDING BASIC NEEDS:

UNDERSTANDING BASIC NEEDS BY MANUEL A. GALLEGOS and Donna Price

Tell your partner 4 basic needs Example: food (we all need to eat to stay alive):

Tell your partner 4 basic needs Example: food (we all need to eat to stay alive)

Basic Introduction to Basic Needs Theory:

Basic Introduction to Basic Needs Theory Psychology is the study of mind and behavior to understand behavior and mental processes Over fifty years ago, Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) theorized that a specific series of needs must be met before any child could learn Current brain research confirms his theory This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other needs

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This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other needs. (see next slide or p. 18 for answers!) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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Maslow’s Hierarchy

Important concept to know:

Important concept to know A person’s needs must be satisfied at one level prior to moving upward in a step-by-step progression

Further Explanation of Needs (see p. 18 in the book):

Further Explanation of Needs (see p. 18 in the book) 1. Physical: These include the needs we have for oxygen, water, food, excretion, sexual activity, sleep Safety: Safe surroundings, maintain confidentiality, keep call light accessible Belonging: Love, family, friends

Further Explanation of Needs (continued—p. 18):

Further Explanation of Needs (continued—p. 18) 4. Self-esteem: Confidence, dignity, respect, independence, pride 5. Self-actualization: creativity, problem solving, acknowledge accomplishments, encourage plans and projects

Conclusion:

Conclusion Important to recognize that everyone has basic needs that must be met prior to focusing on other needs Understanding this concept could help caregivers prioritize care May give insight into client’s responses such as anxiety, fear, anger, hostility, withdrawal Understanding Maslow’s theory can help caregivers understand his or her clients