First aid for search and rescue dogs in operation

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www.dominiquegrandjean.com

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By: vinayyads (117 month(s) ago)

Sir, I am a veterinarian from India, working with police dogs. I liked your presentation very much. I request you to please allow me to download your presentation. thank you in anticipation Dr Vinay Yadav

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First aid for search and rescue dogs in operation Dominique GRANDJEAN DVM, PhD, HDR Colonel, Chief Veterinarian, Paris Fire Brigade Professor, National Veterinary School of Alfort Head of Canine Breeding and Sport Medicine Unit

Traumatology : 

Traumatology Syncopes Wounds General rules Feet Stress, Environment

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Avoid bites caused by pain First aid in SAR dogs General rules

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Properly evacuate the dog to a safe area First aid in SAR dogs General rules

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If no veterinarian on site, learn how to make injections First aid in SAR dogs General rules a) Pinch the skin a) Pierce the skin c) Inject the product

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First aid in SAR dogs General rules If no veterinarian on site, learn how to make injections

Traumatology : 

Traumatology Syncopes Wounds General rules Feet Stress, Environment

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Interdigital lesions First aid in SAR dogs Treatment of feet problems « strawberries » « cracks » « crevasses»

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Interdigital lesions First aid in SAR dogs Treatment of feet problems Norway Tar Base Hyperoxigenated Fatty Acid Antibiotic Ointments  Foot ointments

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Plantar pad lesions First aid in SAR dogs Treatment of feet problems Pad cut Pad abrasion Whole pad wound

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Plantar pad lesions First aid in SAR dogs Treatment of feet problems  Moleskin patches

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Plantar pad lesions First aid in SAR dogs Treatment of feet problems  Wound treatment

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Plantar pad lesions First aid in SAR dogs Treatment of feet problems  Protective booties

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Interphalangian luxations First aid in SAR dogs Treatment of feet problems

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Interphalangian luxations First aid in SAR dogs Treatment of feet problems 1. Dog is absolutely needed for work Efficient pain-killer (previcoxND) Bandage

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Interphalangian luxations First aid in SAR dogs Treatment of feet problems 2. Delayed action : surgery

Traumatology : 

Syncopes Wounds General rules Feet Stress, Environment Traumatology

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Osteo-articular traumas First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology Sprains

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Osteo-articular traumas First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology Sprains

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Osteo-articular traumas First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology Luxations

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Osteo-articular traumas First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology Fractures

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First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology Fractures Osteo-articular traumas

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Osteo-articular traumas First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology Fractures

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Osteo-articular traumas First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology Fractures : attention to vertebral problems

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Muscles and tendons problems First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology  Cramp : involuntary permanent contraction of the muscle gradually regresses through stretching  Ache : type of myalgia appearing after inhbitual exertion, with local infalmmation regresses when the muscles is warmed up  Contracture : involuntary contraction of some muscle fibers requires deep massage  Tendinitis : inflammation of the tendon requires spécific treatment

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Muscles and tendons problems First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology  When no lesion

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Muscles and tendons problems First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology  Sprain, pulled muscle, rupture  Dog out of work for weeks

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Muscles and tendons problems First aid in SAR dogs Traumatology  Acute rhabdomyolysis ➙ pain ➙ myoglobinuria ➙ spécific medical treatment

Traumatology : 

Traumatology Syncopes General rules Feet Stress, Environment Wounds

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Simple skin cuts First aid in SAR dogs Wounds treatments  Clean up (Deep wounds ➙ H2O)  Avoid infection (Netadine)  Suture if necessary  Bandage (pressure if veinous blood)

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Important blood losses First aid in SAR dogs Wounds treatments  Vital emergency

Traumatology : 

Traumatology Wounds General rules Feet Stress, Environment Syncopes

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Evaluate life functions First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes  Dog conscious ?

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Evaluate life functions First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes  Dog breathing ? Respiratory frequency : Large dog ➙ 12-15 Small dog ➙ 15-20

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Evaluate life functions First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes  Heart beating ? How ? Large dog ➙ 60-80 bt/minMedium dog ➙ 80-100 bt/min Small dog ➙ 100-120 bt/min Respiratory frequency :

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Evaluate life functions First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes  Heart beating ? How ?

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Dog is not conscious First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes Collar off Explore mouth, tongue out Free upper respiratory apparatus

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Respiratory syncopes First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes Causes - obstruction of upper respiratory apparatus - abnormal air composition - Straight syncope Signs - No thorax or abdomen respiratory movment

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Respiratory syncopes First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes If the dog is unconscious but still breathing - Lay down on the right side - Free upper respiration apparatus as much as possible - Survey ➙ veterinarian

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Respiratory syncopes First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes If the dog is unconscious but not breathing « Mouth to nose » - Blow air 12 to 20 times per minut depending on dog’s size Thorax must move up Respiration must restart spontanously within 2 minuts (…)

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Cardiac syncopes First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes

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Cardiac syncopes First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes

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First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes Cardiac syncopes

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First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes Cardiac syncopes Heart massage technique ▪ Small dog or dog with flat chest : - place one hand on each side of the chest, just behind the elbows - keep the hands flat and press with the heels of the hands

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First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes Cardiac syncopes Heart massage technique ▪ Large dog with round chest or overweighted dog : - lay the animal on its right side - massage behind the point of the elbow (4th-6th intercortal space) - press the heel of your hand behind the dog’s elbow - put your hand on top of first hand

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First aid in SAR dogs Syncopes Cardiac syncopes Rythm 1 nose insufflation for 5 heart massages work for 1 minut then avaluate Redo for 2 minuts if negative result … then find a veterinarian !

Traumatology : 

Traumatology Wounds General rules Feet Stress, Environment Syncopes

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First aid in SAR dogs Stress and environmental problems Heatstroke high body temperature possible coma, syncope convulsions Cerebral oedema

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First aid in SAR dogs Stress and environmental problems Heatstroke fresh air, shadow progressive cooling (back neck first) find a veterinarian Syncope : trinitrine spray under the tongue

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First aid in SAR dogs Stress and environmental problems Frostbites painfull necrosis scrotum, penis mammary glands, vulva never on feet

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First aid in SAR dogs Stress and environmental problems Frostbites warm up (38° Celsius) protect from infection antibiotics (oinment, general)

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First aid in SAR dogs Stress and environmental problems Acute mountain sickness possible agressivity slow work digestive problems pulmonary oedema cerebral oedema

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First aid in SAR dogs Stress and environmental problems Acute mountain sickness antioxidants diuretics (low dosage) karsivanND, previcoxND

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First aid in SAR dogs Stress and environmental problems Venimous bites symptoms depend on type of venimous toxins  local oedema, inflammation, pain  local digestive symptoms  neurologic symptoms  hemorragic symptoms  respiratory and cardiac symptoms

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First aid in SAR dogs Stress and environmental problems Venimous bites Carry the dog Cool down the bite Clean the wound FIND A VETERINARIAN Suck the wound Open or suck the wound Stop blood flow DANGEROUS CONSEQUENCES

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Conclusion : Individual first aid kit

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SAR Dog handlers shoud be Aware of First Aid approach for their dogs Trained by dedicated veterinarians Able to early detect abnormalities on dogs Mandatory knowledge for SAR Missions

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