Taekwondo project

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By S ophie O ehlmann Passion project 2011 Taekwondo


history The origin of Taekwondo in Korea can be traced back to 37B.C . since mural paintings found in the ruins of the royal tombs built by that dynasty show scenes of Taekwondo practice . Korean culture and martial arts of the period were strongly influenced and enriched by the Hwarangdo, a military, educational and social organization. The code of honour on which the Hwarang was based was loyalty to the nation, respect and obedience to one's parents , faithfulness to one's friends, courage in battle and avoidance of unnecessary violence and killing. Koryo and Yi Dynasties In the history of Koryo, Taekwondo which was then termed "Subak" was practiced not only as a skill to improve health and as a sport activity but it was also encouraged as a martial art of high value. Subak is believed to have gained its highest popularity between 1147 and 1170 A.D. This period roughly corresponds to the era during which the Chinese "Kungfu" became widely popular. This is worth noticing as it further shows that Taekwondo is not only of a pure Korean origin, but it has achieved independent development throughout the long history of Korea.


speech Romanization Hangeul Meaning Cha-ryeot 차렷 Attention Gyeong-nye 경례 Bow Hyoo-shik 휴식 Rest period (break) Gi-hap 기합 Yell (shout) Jwoon-bi 준비 Ready Shi-jak 시작 Begin (start) Gal-lyeo 갈려 Break (separate) Gyeh-sok 계속 Continue Geu-man 그만 Finish (stop) Hae-san 해산 Dismiss

Time line:

Time line Taekwondo in the first half of the 20th century: Along with the deterioration of national fortunes, the fall of the military was accelerated by the dismantling of the army; finally Japanese imperialists colonised Korea through an oppressive forceful invasion. The oppression of the Korean people by the Japanese imperialists worsened, and the practicing of martial arts, which could have been used as a means of revolt, was forbidden. However, Taekwondo persisted in the spirit of the Korean people as a physical and spiritual training method of anti-Japanese organizations such as the Independence Army and the Liberation Army, and as a legacy which had to pass on to the younger generation.

Time line:

Time line 1945-1970s: After liberation from the Japanese invasion in 1945 , those with an aspiration to revitalize the traditional art of Taekwondo taught their followers, and at last in 1961 , the Korea Taekwondo Association was established. In 1962 , the Korea Taekwondo Association became the 27th group to join the Korea Amateur Sports Association . In 1963 , Taekwondo became an official event for the first time in the 44th National Athletic Meet. Its great leaps in the development of competition rules and protective equipment started with that meet. Korean instructors began going abroad to teach Taekwondo in the 1960s, which could be called a turning point in the history of Taekwondo. Taekwondo made its way to the world sport through the 1st World Taekwondo Championships held in Seoul, Korea in 1973 with participation of 19 countries. At the Seoul meet held in 1973 on the occasion of the championships, representatives of those countries established the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF).

Time line:

Time line 1980-1996: In 1996, member countries of the WTF totalled 144 and the global Taekwondo population is estimated at 30 million people. Encouraged by the recognition of Taekwondo by the IOC at its 83rd General Session in 1980, Taekwondo has been rapidly developing an international sport. It was adopted as a demonstration sport of the 24th Seoul Olympics in 1988 and the 25th Barcelona Olympics in 1992. Taekwondo was adopted as an official sport of 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. Taekwondo has consolidated its position in the world sport as fast as any other martial art. Continental championships are hosted by four member regional unions of the WTF. There is World and Women's World Championships, World Cup Taekwondo, CISM Taekwondo Championships and FISU World University Championships. Taekwondo is being played as an official sport in most international multi-sport games such as World Games, Pan American Games, All Africa Games, Southeast Asian Games and Central American Games.

References to the chinse kung-fu and the Japanese karate.:

References to the chinse kung-fu and the Japanese karate. Some people believe that Korean Taekwondo was originated from Kungfu, the Chinese self-defence art. According to a Chinese document, the Chinese art of self-defence is believed to have been initiated as a sort of physical exercise. However , if we recall that the mural paintings of Taekwondo in the ancient tombs of Koguryo belong to the period 3 A.D. to 427A.D, it cannot be said that the Korean Taekwondo owes its origin to the Chinese Kungfu. No detailed record is available when Karate, the Japanese self-defence art equivalent to Taekwondo, was initiated. There are two-fold explanations about it. One explanation is that a Chinese named Chen Yuanpin, who lived in the late Ming dynasty, was naturalized as a Japanese and imparted the Chinese "Kungfu" to the Japanese people. The other explanation says that Karate is a developed form of "Okinawate," a self-defence art indigenous to Okinawa. However, when the Okinawate itself began is not known either .

References to the chinse kung-fu and the Japanese karate.:

References to the chinse kung- fu and the Japanese karate. At that time in Korea, "Subak", an old name of Taekwondo, has gained great popularity among the people, and therefore it is not unlikely that the envoys from Okinawa learned that game and introduced to their people. This speculation is not too absurd when we recall the fact that "Nul", the Korean see-saw, was also adopted by the people of Okinawa from Korea.

The belts:

The belts White belt Yellow belt Yellow 1 Yellow 2 Yellow 3 Blue belt Blue 1 Blue 2 Blue 3 Red belt Red 1 Red 2 Red 3 Cho Dan B o Black belt Dan 1 Dan 2 Dan 3 Dan 4 Dan 5 Dan 6 Dan 7 Dan 8 Dan 9

Taekwondo Poomase:

Taekwondo Poomase Poomase is used to level up in Taekwondo. It is where you perform a series of blocks, punches and kicks. To grade you may also have to perform self defence, sparring and maybe the blocks, punches and kick by them self. To grade for your black belt you also have to know some Koran words and brake boards. This is the performance you must do to grade for your black belt.

Black belt grading:

Black belt grading PUMSEI / FORMWORK : TAEGUK 1 - 8 GORYO HANBON GYORUGI / STEP SPARRING - HAND TECHNIQUES Attack in Front Stance, Defender must use required technique along with 3 additional Hand Techniques a Block is counted as a technique. Attack - Defence 1. Right Body Punch - Spear Hand 2. Left Body Punch - Palm Strike 3. Right Face Punch - Elbow / Back Fist 4. Left Face Punch - Knife Hand Strike / Reverse Knife Hand Strike HANBON GYORUGI / STEP SPARRING - KICKING TECHNIQUES Defender must use required techniques along with 2 additional Kicking Techniq Attack - Defence 1. Right Front Kick - Jumping Front Kick 2. Left Front Kick - Continuous front / Round House Kick 3. Right Side Kick - Jumping Turning Back Kick 4. Left Side Kick - Jumping Side Kick 5. Right Roundhouse Kick - Spinning Heel Kick 6. Left Roundhouse Kick - Spinning Crescent Kick 4 Boards - (Hands/Feet) (own choice)

PowerPoint Presentation:

HOSHINSUL / SELF DEFENCE 1. Belt Front 2. Underarm Front 3. Throat Front 4. Both Lapels 5. Full Nelson 6. Shoulder Side 7. Under Arm Behind 8. Throat Back 9. Headlock 10. Over Arm Behind KNIFE ATTACK 1. Knife Attack Under 2. Knife Attack Slashing Across 3. Knife Attack Front Chest CLUB ATTACK 1. Over Head 2. Swinging Across the Body SPARRING 4 / 5 Rounds (Light Contact Only) GENERAL TERMINOLOGY From all previous Grading's KORYO TERMINOLOGY (You must show all formwork moves individually and say each move in Korean for both Stances and hand / kicking techniques) PHILOSOPHY (Refer to Schembri's Taekwondo & Self Defence - Information Booklet) BOARD BREAKING 4 Boards - (Hands/Feet) (own choice)

Black belt pattern:

Black belt pattern

Sparring (fighting):

Sparring (fighting) To fight you need all the gear  You will fight in divisions For example my division would be: 9-11 years old, Black belt, 29-31 kg. Points Normal kick and punches = 1 point Back kick and spinning kick = 2 points Head kick = 3 points You can only do head kicks when you are over 14.

Sparring video:

Sparring video Dad please put my nationals fight on.

Questions and answers :

Questions and answers What origin is taekwondo from? Korea When was taekwondo first Olympic appearance? 2000 Sydney Olympic games How many black belt dans are there? 9 In sparring how much point is a back-kick? 2 points



Why I choose taekwondo:

Why I choose taekwondo I choose taekwondo because I learn it and I wanted to know more history on it.

Bibliography :

Bibliography http:// www.taekwondoaustralia.com.au/history.php http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=RTU0jnGs4G0 http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taekwondo http://www.teamtaekwondo.com.au / http:// www.google.com.au/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi I got the sparring video from my own camera. ( I ts me fighting.)

The end:

The end Thank you for watching and I hope you enjoyed it. 그만 (finish)

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