EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS

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EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS : 

EARLY PREGNANCY SYMPTOMS Bambang Widjanarko, MD, Obstetrics &Gynecologist

EARLY PREGNANCY : 

EARLY PREGNANCY

INTRODUCTION : 

INTRODUCTION Most women equate a missed menstrual period with the possibility of being pregnant. It's important to remember that not all women will experience all of these symptoms Even the same woman can have different types of symptoms in a subsequent pregnancy than she had in previous pregnancies.

MISSED PERIODE ???? : 

MISSED PERIODE ????

MISSED PERIODE ???? : 

MISSED PERIODE ???? A missed menstrual period is most often the first sign of pregnancy. Sometimes a woman who is pregnant may still experience some bleeding or spotting around the time of the expected period. This small amount of bleeding that occurs at the time of the expected menstrual period happens when the fertilized egg attaches to the uterine wall and is referred to as implantation bleeding. A missed menstrual period also does not confirm that a woman is pregnant even if she has regular cycles, since both emotional and physical conditions may cause absent or delayed periods.

Breast swelling, Tenderness, and Pain : 

Breast swelling, Tenderness, and Pain

Breast swelling, tenderness, and pain : 

Breast swelling, tenderness, and pain Feelings of breast swelling, tenderness, or pain. A feeling of heaviness or fullness in the breasts.. A deepening of the color of the area surrounding the nipple (areola mammae) and/or a dark line going down from the middle of the central abdomen area to the pubic area (linea nigra). Linea nigra typically disappears in the months following delivery of the baby.

Nausea and Vomiting : 

Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and Vomiting : 

Nausea and Vomiting Nausea and vomiting are also common in early pregnancy. "morning sickness,“ Its typical onset is anywhere between the 2nd and 8th weeks of pregnancy. Elevations in progesteron that occur early in pregnancy are thought to slow the emptying of the stomach and may be related to the development of nausea. Cravings for, or aversions to, specific foods or even smells. In most women, nausea and vomiting begin to subside by the second trimester of pregnancy.

Fatigue and Tiredness : 

Fatigue and Tiredness

Fatigue and Tiredness : 

Fatigue and Tiredness Fatigue and tiredness are symptoms experienced by many women in the early stages of pregnancy. The cause of this fatigue has not been fully determined, but it is believed to be related to rising levels of the hormone progesterone. Fatigue is another symptom that may be experienced early, in the first weeks after conception.

Abdominal bloating : 

Abdominal bloating

Abdominal Bloating : 

Abdominal Bloating Some women may experience feelings of abdominal enlargement or bloating, but there is usually only a small amount of weight gain in the first trimester of pregnancy. In this early stage of pregnancy a weight gain of about one pound per month is typical. Sometimes women also experience mild abdominal cramping during the early weeks of pregnancy, which may be similar to the cramping that occurs prior to or during the menstrual period.

Frequent Urination : 

Frequent Urination

Frequent Urination : 

Frequent Urination A woman in the early stages of pregnancy may feel she has to urinate frequently, especially at nighttime, and she may incontinence. Once the embryo has implanted in the uterus, it begins to produce the hormone known as human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), which is believed to stimulate frequent urination. Another cause of frequent urination that develops later is the pressure exerted by the growing uterus on the bladder.

Elevated basal body temperature : 

Elevated basal body temperature

Elevated Basal Body Temperature : 

Elevated Basal Body Temperature A persistently elevated basal body temperature (the oral temperature measured first thing in the morning, before arising from bed) is another characteristic sign of early pregnancy. An elevation in the basal body temperature occurs shortly after ovulation and persists until the next menstrual period occurs.

Melasma : 

Melasma

Melasma : 

Melasma Some women may develop a so-called "mask of pregnancy" in the first trimester, referring to a darkening of the skin on the forehead, bridge of the nose, upper lip, or cheekbones. Melasma can also occur in some conditions other than pregnancy. Women who have a family history of melasma are at greater risk of developing this sign of pregnancy.

Mood swings and Stress : 

Mood swings and Stress

Mood swings and Stress : 

Mood swings and Stress Mood swings and stress are common symptoms reported by many women in the early stages of pregnancy. Many women in the early stages of pregnancy describe feelings of heightened emotions or even crying spells. The rapid changes in hormone levels are believed to cause these changes in mood. Pregnant women may also notice more rapid and drastic changes in their moods.

THANK YOU : 

THANK YOU Bambang Widjanarko, MD Obstetrics & Gynecologist

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