improving public perceptions on antibiotic use ANTIBIOTIC STEWARDSHIP

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improving public perceptions on antibiotic use ANTIBIOTIC STEWARDSHIP by Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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Improving public perceptions on antibiotic use ANTIBIOTIC STEWARdSHIP :

Improving public perceptions on antibiotic use ANTIBIOTIC STEWARdSHIP Dr.T.V.Rao MD Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1

Antibiotics: Are most essential part of modern medical care ?:

Antibiotics: Are most essential part of modern medical care ? Antibiotics are important medications. It would be difficult to overstate the benefits of penicillin and other antibiotics in treating bacterial infections, preventing the spread of disease and reducing serious complications of disease. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2

The importance of education about antibiotics, :

The importance of education about antibiotics, The importance of education about antibiotics, antimicrobials and alternatives. In the wide ranging discussion on drug resistant bacteria there are two commonly used terms which sound very similar: ‘antibiotic’ and ‘antimicrobial’. While they appear much the same, there are differences between them which it is important to educate people about. If we are to successfully tackle the problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) it is essential that people understand as much about it as possible. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 3

Public misconceptions defined by who:

Public misconceptions defined by who A 2015 WHO survey found that 76% of respondents thought that antibiotic resistance referred to the human body’s resistance to the drug, rather than bacteria’s resistance to the drug. It is clear that discussions about antibiotic resistance have a long way to go to ensure people are not confused. The use of terms such as ‘drug resistant infection’ and ‘drug resistant bacteria’ have been proposed as a replacement to ‘antibiotic resistance’ to give people a better understanding of the causes of the problem Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4

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Misuse of antibiotics a global problem need attention and everybody to be educated :

Misuse of antibiotics a global problem need attention and everybody to be educated The misuse of antibiotics has contributed to one of the world’s most pressing public health problems today -- antibiotic resistance. FDA has teamed up with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other health care professional, government, academic, international and industry partners to support Get Smart About Antibiotics Week as part of a joint effort to encourage the appropriate use of antibiotics Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6

What is antibiotic resistance :

What is antibiotic resistance When an antibiotic no longer has an effect on a certain strain of bacteria, those bacteria are said to be antibiotic resistant. Antibiotic resistance is one of the world's most pressing health problem Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7

What causes antibiotic resistance?:

What causes antibiotic resistance? Any bacterium that survives an antibiotic treatment can multiply and pass on its resistant properties. Also, some bacteria can transfer their medication-resistant properties to other bacteria — as if passing along a cheat sheet to help each other survive. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8

Overuse of antibiotics:

Overuse of antibiotics The overuse of antibiotics — especially taking antibiotics even when they're not the appropriate treatment — promotes antibiotic resistance. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, up to one-third to one-half of antibiotic use in humans is unnecessary or inappropriate. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 9

common viral infections that don't benefit from antibiotic treatment include::

common viral infections that don't benefit from antibiotic treatment include : Cold Flu (influenza) Bronchitis Most coughs Some ear infections Some sinus infections Stomach flu Dr.T.V.Rao MD 10

taking an antibiotic for a viral infection::

taking an antibiotic for a viral infection : Won't cure the infection Won't keep other people from getting sick Won't help you or your child feel better May cause unnecessary and harmful side effects Promotes antibiotic resistance Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11

Consequences of antibiotic resistance:

Consequences of antibiotic resistance Approximately 2 million infections from antibiotic-resistant bacteria occur in the United States each year, resulting in 23,000 deaths. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 12

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Other consequences of medication-resistant infections include::

Other consequences of medication-resistant infections include : More-serious illness Longer recovery More-frequent or longer hospitalization More doctor visits More-expensive treatments Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14

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Antibiotic stewardship The appropriate use of antibiotics — often called antibiotic stewardship — can help to::

Antibiotic stewardship The appropriate use of antibiotics — often called antibiotic stewardship — can help to: Preserve the effectiveness of current antibiotics Extend the life span of current antibiotics Protect people from antibiotic-resistant infections Avoid side effects from using antibiotics inappropriately Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16

The public also plays a role in antibiotic stewardship. You can help reduce the development of antibiotic resistance if you::

The public also plays a role in antibiotic stewardship. You can help reduce the development of antibiotic resistance if you: Avoid pressuring your doctor to give you an antibiotic prescription. Ask your doctor for advice on how to treat symptoms. Practice good hygiene, to avoid bacterial infections that need antibiotic treatment. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17

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Protecting individuals with vaccination is topic of great importance :

Protecting individuals with vaccination is topic of great importance Make sure you and your children receive recommended vaccinations. Some recommended vaccines protect against bacterial infections, such as diphtheria and whooping cough (pertussis). Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20

Food born infections to be prevented :

Food born infections to be prevented Reduce your risk of getting a foodborne bacterial infection. Don't drink raw milk, wash your hands, and cook foods to a safe internal temperature. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21

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Use antibiotics with caution follow the physicians advice :

Use antibiotics with caution follow the physicians advice Use antibiotics only as prescribed by your doctor. Take the prescribed daily dosage, and complete the entire course of treatment. Never take leftover antibiotics for a later illness. They may not be the correct antibiotic and would not be a full course of treatment . Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23

Never take antibiotics prescribed for another person. :

Never take antibiotics prescribed for another person. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 24

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Many infections and drug resistant bugs can be put to halt with a simple and dedicated hand wash :

Many infections and drug resistant bugs can be put to halt with a simple and dedicated hand wash Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26

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Concerns on hand washing:

Concerns on hand washing Dr.T.V.Rao MD 28

Hand washing a great choice :

Hand washing a great choice Dr.T.V.Rao MD 29

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Program Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for benefit of public perceptions on Antibiotic use Misuse and Consequences with Resources from Mayo Clinic / CDC / Google resources Email doctortvrao@gmail.com Dr.T.V.Rao MD 30

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