TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH & INFECTIOUS DISEASES by Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH & INFECTIOUS DISEASES by Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH & INFECTIOUS DISEASES :

TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH & INFECTIOUS DISEASES Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1

MICROBIOLOGY IS CHANGING FROM STREAKING TO AMPLIFICATION:

MICROBIOLOGY IS CHANGING FROM STREAKING TO AMPLIFICATION 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2

The Problems with Health and Disease in Developing Countries :

The Problems with Health and Disease in Developing Countries The people of many developing countries are still living in dire poverty with dysfunctional health care systems and extremely limited access to basic medical care. Are there solutions with Technology use . Health information coming to many can have many solutions 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 3

Medicine Before the 20th Century:

Medicine Before the 20th Century From the earliest documentary evidence surviving from the ancient civilizations of Babylonia, China, Egypt, and India, it is clear that longevity, disease, and death are among humanity's oldest preoccupations. From ancient times to the Renaissance, knowledge of the living world changed little, the distinction between animate and inanimate objects was blurred, and speculations about living things were based on prevailing ideas about the nature of matter 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4

MICROBIOLOGY IS CHANGING FROM STREAKING TO AMPLIFICATION:

MICROBIOLOGY IS CHANGING FROM STREAKING TO AMPLIFICATION 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 5

Health Information Technology:

Health Information Technology Health information technology (HIT) is an umbrella term for a wide range of computerized systems that connect individuals, providers, insurers and the government. Health information technology has the potential to transform the health care system by improving quality, effectiveness, and efficiency. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6

Health Information Technology:

Health Information Technology At its most basic level, health information technology combines computer software and hardware to store, share, and use health care information for both communication and decision-making. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7

Technology linked to Infectious diseases :

Technology linked to Infectious diseases While technology has helped to fight disease and provide a comfortable life for many people, it has also created several problems. For example, there has been a resurgence of infectious diseases over the past several decades that may be linked to technological advances. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8

Technology helps to get current information on Health and Disease :

Technology helps to get current information on Health and Disease Medical treatments are continually changing and students writing research papers on the latest treatment for a disease or disorder need to have the most current research. Paper Masters provides the most up-to-date research and references in medical health research papers for nursing students, premed students and healthcare professionals. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 9

Early Use Newer Diagnostic Methods :

Early Use Newer Diagnostic Methods Among the first of the rapid diagnostic approaches was immunoassay detection of group A streptococcal antigen in patients with pharyngitis.14 These systems are intended for use in primary care or other ambulatory care settings; they provide results within minutes and are highly specific. Their greatest drawbacks are cost and lack of sensitivity 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 10

Automated and Semi Automated systems:

Automated and S emi A utomated systems Automated and semi automated systems have been available for some years but without full realisation of their potential for rapid diagnosis. They fall into two main groups: identification and susceptibility testing instruments and blood culture systems 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11

Partial Control of Infectious Disease:

Partial Control of Infectious Disease The control of communicable disease has been the major advance of the 20th century in scientific medicine. It reflects the combination of improved environmental conditions and public health together with the development of immunization, antimicrobial chemotherapy, and the increasing ability to identify new pathogenic organisms. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 12

Partial Control of Infectious Disease:

Partial Control of Infectious Disease Currently, live or killed viral or bacterial vaccines—or those based on bacterial polysaccharides or bacterial toxoids—are licensed for the control of 29 common communicable diseases worldwide. The highlight of the field was the eradication of smallpox by 1977. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 13

Emerging High Technologies shape the Future :

Emerging High Technologies shape the Future Those brief examples of the effect of high-technology practice against completely different backgrounds of the provision of health care reflect the emerging pattern of medical practice in the 20th century. In particular, they emphasize how the rapid developments in high-technology medical practice and the huge costs that have accrued may have dwarfed expenditure on preventive medicine, certainly in some industrial countries and others that have gone through the epidemiological transition 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14

Information Technology in Medicine :

Information Technology in Medicine The explosion in information technology has important implications for all forms of biomedical research, clinical practice, and teaching. The admirable desire on the part of publicly funded groups in the genomics field to make their data available to the scientific community at large is of enormous value for the medical application of genomic research 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 15

Medical technology Shaping the Future of Human Life for Better living :

Medical technology Shaping the Future of Human Life for Better living Medical technology is a broad field where innovation plays a crucial role in sustaining health. Areas like biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, information technology, the development of medical devices and equipment, and more have all made significant contributions to improving the health of people all around the world. From “small” innovations like adhesive bandages and ankle braces, to larger, more complex technologies like MRI machines, artificial organs, and robotic prosthetic limbs, technology has undoubtedly made an incredible impact on medicine. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16

Medical Equipment Technology:

Medical Equipment Technology Improving quality of life is one of the main benefits of integrating new innovations into medicine. Medical technologies like minimally-invasive surgeries, better monitoring systems, and more comfortable scanning equipment are allowing patients to spend less time in recovery and more time enjoying a healthy life. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17

Technology and Medical Research:

Technology and Medical Research Through the use of technology in medical research, scientists have been able to examine diseases on a cellular level and produce antibodies against them. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18

Technology and Medical Research:

Technology and Medical Research These vaccines against life-threatening diseases like malaria, polio, MMR , and more prevent the spread of disease and save thousands of lives all around the globe. In fact, the World Health Organization estimates that vaccines save about 3 million lives per year, and prevent millions of others from contracting deadly viruses and diseases 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 19

Burden of Infection :

Burden of Infection Infectious diseases remain a significant contributor to the burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Leading communicable diseases from AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to diarrheal diseases, measles, and lower respiratory infections claim upwards of eleven million lives in these countries each year 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20

How the World reduces Infections with Technology :

How the World reduces Infections with Technology The attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is closely entwined with progress in reducing the burden of infectious diseases. MDG 6 focuses on combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases while steps towards meeting MDG 4 (reducing child mortality), MDG 5 (improving maternal health) and MDG 7C (improving basic sanitation and sustainable access to safe drinking water) also relate to the treatment of infectious diseases. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21

How the World reduces Infections with Technology :

How the World reduces Infections with Technology MDG 8E (providing access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries in cooperation with pharmaceutical companies) and MDG 8F (making available benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications, in cooperation with the private sector) not only align with these goals, but also suggest instrumental means for accomplishing them. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22

Greatest Technological Advance in Infectious Diseases :

Greatest Technological Advance in Infectious Diseases Greatest advance in the field of diagnostic microbiology has been in the area of nucleic acid probe detection. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) invented by Kary Mullis and other more recently-developed amplification techniques have simplified and accelerated the in vitro process of nucleic acid amplification 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23

Greatest Technological Advance in Infectious Diseases :

Greatest Technological Advance in Infectious Diseases Rapid techniques of nucleic acid amplification and characterization, along with the increased use of automation and user-friendly software, have significantly broadened microbiologists' research and development arsena l 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 24

New Real Time PCR :

New Real Time PCR New real-time PCR, multiplex PCR, and microarray techniques provide relevant and accurate microbial quantification and identification which play important roles in the selection and monitoring of antimicrobial therapy. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 25

Antimicrobial Reference apps use Sanford Guide :

Antimicrobial Reference apps use Sanford Guide The Sanford Guide will be more familiar to physicians as a paperback manual. This guide was developed from the web edition and converted into a smartphone application to provide services . It has earned great confidence due to the sound content that has accumulated over a long period, but personally 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26

Need for Technology for managing Ageing population :

Need for Technology for managing Ageing population 1Chronic Disease is the most important healthcare issue and cost driver in our healthcare system . 2The management of chronic disease requires a fundamental transformation in the way care is delivered 3. To support this business transformation the technology infrastructure needs to evolve to support One-Person-One-Record and Evidence Based Coordinated Care 4. This will require the change from a simple hub-and-spoke platform to a sophisticated ehealth platform that can provide electronic health record, as well as chronic disease data and services 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 27

Electronic Medical Records:

E lectronic Medical Records The electronic medical record, a type of HIT, is supposed to reduce medical errors by tracking such data as prescriptions, tests and medical procedures in a single, accessible system. However, many physicians, especially in emergency rooms, have been reluctant to adopt some HIT due to the lack of user-friendly interfaces. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 28

Medical Technology and The Law:

Medical Technology and The Law As technology in the world of healthcare continues to evolve, rules and regulations concerning its use must be established and adjusted to adapt to the new methods of administering care. Regulations like HIPAA and its Privacy and Security Act target the concerns about the confidentiality of patient information and the steps that must be taken to maintain privacy in our digital world. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 29

A Simple Way to Think of Today’s Technology as nobody is spared of infections :

A Simple Way to Think of Today’s Technology as nobody is spared of infections 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 30

As Medical Technologies Advances :

As Medical Technologies Advances Advancements in medical technology have allowed physicians to better diagnose and treat their patients since the beginning of the professional practice of medicine. Thanks to the continuous development of technology in the medical field, countless lives have been saved and the overall quality of life continues to improve over time. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 31

Emerging Technologies shape the future of Infectious diseases and Medicine :

Emerging Technologies shape the future of Infectious diseases and Medicine Availability of sophisticated and increasingly inexpensive nucleic acid sequencing techniques has revolutionized the fields of genomics resulting in unprecedented advances in medical microbiology. Use of non-genomic technologies such as transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics allows full inventories to be made of bacterial genes, their time- and place-dependent expression 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 32

Future of Technology in Medicine:

Future of Technology in Medicine Technological innovations in the healthcare industry continue to provide physicians with new ways to improve the quality of care delivered to their patients and improve the state of global healthcare. Through technology’s integration with areas like disease prevention, surgical procedures, better access to information, and medical telecommunications, the medical industry and patients around the world continue to benefit. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 33

How Center for Disease Control Shaping the future of Communication :

How Center for Disease Control Shaping the future of Communication The use of IT is now pervasive and critical to virtually all CDC activities, including the support of CDC’s collaborative relationships with partners or vendors in healthcare, public health, life sciences, and information technology . However, since 2005, this rapid growth in spending has levelled off and has remained nearly constant as overall Federal IT spending has continued to increase . 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 34

IT operations and infrastructure :

IT operations and infrastructure Computing and communication assets and services form the foundation of CDC’s information and informatics programs . These services enable CDC’s public health mission and vision of promoting health and the quality of life by bringing the power and advantage of IT infrastructure to the challenges faced by CDC and its public health partners . This goal area addresses robust, reliable, and secure computing and communications . 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 35

The Negative Side of Technology Vision problems :

The Negative Side of Technology Vision problems People who spend hours in front of the computer (either at work or leisure) are prone to asthenopia . Of course, you will say your computer screen is of high quality and I agree: some monitors affect us more than others. If you are still using a CRT type (the one that is not flat and has a large thing behind it), please get rid of it. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 36

Advanced Technology Influents the Future of Microbiology :

Advanced Technology Influents the Future of Microbiology It seems certain is that the advanced techniques will increasingly change and enhance the research and practice of medical microbiology. 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 37

References :

References 1 Science and Technology for Disease Control: Past, Present, and FutureDavid Weatherall, Brian Greenwood, Heng Leng Chee, and Prawase Wasi. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition 2 Technology innovation for infectious diseases in the developing world Anthony D SoEmail author and Quentin Ruiz-Esparza 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 38

Attention of Viewers :

Attention of Viewers I am thankful to many in the world who made me to achieve my desired goals faster than I thought, having > 3-5 million health professionals share and utilize my knowledge for the benefit of mankind, Today I wish to be freelancer to the world to create interest in Medical, Clinical and Diagnostic Microbiology with more emphasis on Infectious diseases and Hospital associated Infection wish to be your partner in educating many millions who know well the importance of Infectious diseases You can visit many web sites of mine www.medmicrobes.com www.slidehsare.com www.authourstream.com www,scribd.com Be a friend on Facebook with tummalapalli venkateswararao access Rao’s Microbiology Rao’s Infection care Microbiology connected Travancore Medical College For any assistance on INFECTION REALTED ISSUES CONTACT ME AT doctortvrao@gmail.com Mob +91 7204113154 22-02-2016 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 39

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