World AIDS Day

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World AIDS DAY 2012

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World AIDS DAY 2012 Getting to Zero:

World AIDS DAY 2012 Getting to Zero Dr.T.V.Rao MD 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1

World AIDS Day :

World AIDS Day Started on 1st December 1988, World AIDS Day is about raising money, increasing awareness, fighting prejudice and improving education 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2

What AIDS Day Means:

What AIDS Day Means World AIDS Day is celebrated around the world on December 1st each year. It has become one of the most recognized international health days and a key opportunity to raise awareness, commemorate those who have passed on, and celebrate victories, such as increased access to treatment and prevention services. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 3

Beginning of World Aids Day:

Beginning of World Aids Day World AIDS Day was first conceived in August 1987 by James W. Bunn and Thomas Netter, two public information officers for the Global Programme on AIDS at the World Health Organization in Geneva, SwitzerlandBunn and Netter took their idea to Dr. Jonathan Mann, Director of the Global Programme on AIDS ( now known as UNAIDS). Dr. Mann liked the concept, approved it, and agreed with the recommendation that the first observance of World AIDS Day should be 1 December, 1988. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4

UNAIDS Campaigning:

UNAIDS Campaigning UNAIDS took the lead on campaigning for World AIDS Day from its creation until 2004. From 2004 onwards the World AIDS Campaign’s Global Steering Committee began selecting a theme for World AIDS Day in consultation with civil society, organisations and government agencies involved in the AIDS response. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 5

World AIDS Day :

World AIDS Day World AIDS Day on 1 December brings together people from around the world to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS and demonstrate international solidarity in the face of the pandemic. The day is an opportunity for public and private partners to spread awareness about the status of the pandemic and encourage progress in HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and care in high prevalence countries and around the world. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6

What is AIDS:

What is AIDS AIDS is a condition resulting from damage done to the human immune system by HIV. It affects tens of millions of people around the world. The United Nations' (UN) World AIDS Day is held on December 1 each year to honour the victims of the AIDS pandemic and focus attention on the prevention and treatment of HIV and AIDS related conditions . 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7

World AIDS Day:

World AIDS Day World AIDS Day , observed December 1 each year, is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection. It is common to hold memorials to honour persons who have died from HIV/AIDS on this day. Government and health officials also observe the event, often with speeches or forums on the AIDS topics 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8

Global prevalence of AIDS:

Global prevalence of AIDS An estimated 33.4 million people living with HIV globally and 2.7 million newly infected in 2008, countries continue to rank AIDS high on the list of the most important issues facing the world. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 9

Reducing Stigma and Discrimination:

Reducing Stigma and Discrimination Stigma and discrimination are primary barriers to universal access to HIV treatment, care, and prevention. People living with HIV often face discrimination from health providers, employers, family members or friend 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 10

Red Ribbon - Symbol:

Red Ribbon - Symbol A simple red ribbon is one of the most widely recognized symbols of HIV and AIDS and the people who live with these conditions. The symbol was presented by the Visual AIDS Artists Caucus in 1991. The individuals in this group wished to remain anonymous, keep the image copyright free and create a symbol to raise consciousness of HIV and AIDS. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11

Significance of Red ribbon:

Significance of Red ribbon The symbol of the World AIDS Campaign consists of a sketched image of a red ribbon and the words "world aids campaign". The words "world" and "campaign" are in black and the word "aids" is in red. The ends of the ribbon merge into splashes of green, blue, purple and orange. The splashes of colour can be interpreted in a variety of ways, but are often taken to indicate the diversity of people living with HIV and AIDS. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 12

Global theme for 2009 and 2010:

Global theme for 2009 and 2010 The global theme for 2009 and 2010 World AIDS Day is "Universal Access and Human Rights" chosen by The World AIDS Campaign. This theme encourages us to deepen understanding, develop partnerships and challenge discriminatory laws, policies and practices that stand in the way of access for all to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 13

World AIDS Day 2012 :

World AIDS Day 2012 Between 2011-2015, World AIDS Days will have the theme of "Getting to zero: zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS related deaths". The World AIDS Campaign focus on "Zero AIDS related deaths" signifies a push towards greater access to treatment for all; a call for governments to act now. It is a call to honor promises like the Abuja declaration and for African governments to at least hit targets for domestic spending on health and HIV. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14

Some one some where infected in few seconds with aids:

Some one some where infected in few seconds with aids 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 15

Women living with HIV/AIDS face strikingly high levels of stigma :

Women living with HIV/AIDS face strikingly high levels of stigma The online survey, conducted by Harris Interactive for amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research, questioned nearly 5,000 respondents ages 18-44 and covered HIV risk and responsibility, impact of gender-based violence, and women’s access to healthcare and health information, as well as attitudes towards HIV-positive women. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16

Red Ribbon Express’ rides the rails to raise youth AIDS awareness in India :

Red Ribbon Express’ rides the rails to raise youth AIDS awareness in India The aim behind the project is to bring the HIV/Aids-affected persons to the mainstream for socio-economic development then merely showing it as a medical or public health issue, Das said. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17

National HIV Testing Day (NHTD) :

National HIV Testing Day (NHTD ) National HIV Testing Day (NHTD) is an annual campaign coordinated by the National Association of People with AIDS to encourage people of all ages to "Take the Test, Take Control." 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18

Youth contribute for HIV prevention:

Youth contribute for HIV prevention Young people are leading the prevention revolution by taking definitive action to protect themselves from HIV. A change is happening among young people across the world, especially in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 19

High-burden countries that have achieved a 25% reduction in HIV prevalence among young people by 2010:

High-burden countries that have achieved a 25% reduction in HIV prevalence among young people by 2010 1. Botswana ‡ 2. Côte d’Ivoire 3. Ethiopia 4. Kenya 5. Malawi 6. Namibia 7. south Africa‡ 8. Tanzania‡ 9. Zambia‡ 10. Zimbabwe‡ 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20

Declines of more than 25%:

Declines of more than 25% 11. Burundi 12. Lesotho 13. Rwanda 14. Bahamas 15. Haiti 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21

Protection from AIDS:

Protection from AIDS Protect yourself or your partner by using a condom during sexual intercourse If you are a partner are at risk, avoid mouth contact with the penis, vagina, or rectum Avoid all sexual activities which could cause cuts or tears in the linings of the rectum, vagina, or penis 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22

Protection from aids:

Protection from aids If you have been infected with the AIDS virus. Do not share intravenous drug equipment Antiviral medications may be prescribed for unanticipated sexual or injection drug use exposure to HIV. Treatment for the exposed person must begin within 72 hours 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23

Antiretroviral therapy:

Antiretroviral therapy Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the use of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering when use is made of a potent ARV regimen 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 24

New UNAIDS Outlook:

N ew UNAIDS Outlook The new UNAIDS Outlook report outlines a radically simplified HIV treatment platform called Treatment 2.0 that could decrease the number of AIDS-related deaths drastically and could also greatly reduce the number of new HIV infections. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 25

UNAIDS call on countries to implement:

UNAIDS call on countries to implement It calls on countries to implement a comprehensive set of programmes that put young people’s leadership at the centre of national responses, to provide rights-based sexual and reproductive health education and services and to empower young people to prevent sexual and other transmission of HIV infection among their peers 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26

UNAIDS Champion issues on AIDS:

UNAIDS Champion issues on AIDS UNAIDS urges the removal of all punitive laws, policies, practices, stigma and discrimination that block effective responses to AIDS including in the areas of sex work, travel restrictions, homophobia and criminalization of HIV transmission. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 27

HIV breakthrough as scientists discover new vaccine to prevent infection :

HIV breakthrough as scientists discover new vaccine to prevent infection The world's largest HIV/Aids vaccine trial of more than 16,000 volunteers was the first in which infection has been prevented, according to the US army, which sponsored the trial with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. A medical trial in Thailand has raised hopes of a major breakthrough in the fight against Aids after scientists said an experimental vaccine had reduced the risk of HIV infection by a third. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 28

Swedish Study of HIV Vaccine :

Swedish Study of HIV Vaccine A Swedish HIV vaccine study conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet (KI), Karolinska University Hospital and the Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control (SMI) has produced surprisingly good results. Over 90 per cent of the subjects in the phase 1 trials developed an immune response to HIV. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 29

New HIV Vaccine hope :

New HIV Vaccine hope A team of scientists in the US has discovered two new antibodies that could lead to an HIV vaccine. Researchers from the Scripps Institute in California, the International Aids Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) and US-based biotech companies Theraclone Sciences and Monogram Biosciences discovered these two broadly neutralising antibodies using high-throughput screening of serum from patients infected with HIV. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 30

AIDS space connects the patients:

AIDS space connects the patients AIDS space is an online community for connecting people, sharing knowledge, and accessing services for the 33.4 million people living with HIV and the millions who are part of the response. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 31

FACEBOOK and AIDSDAY:

FACEBOOK and AIDSDAY On World AIDS Day, we're asking these people to come together to show their support in the fight against AIDS in Africa. Let's turn Face book (RED) — you can change your profile picture to any of the (RED) images at our Face book. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 32

Google, Twitter call attention to World AIDS Day :

Google, Twitter call attention to World AIDS Day 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 33

We all should be united to control AIDS:

We all should be united to control AIDS 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 34

Bill Gates Remains Optimistic About AIDS Fight :

Bill Gates Remains Optimistic About AIDS Fight “We all celebrate the five million people receiving antiretroviral treatment, up from just half-million just 6 years ago.  We all celebrate that since 2001 the rate of infection has fallen 17 percent.  It’s not enough, but it’s certainly a move in the right direction.” 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 35

The best gift to AIDS Patient Be kind:

T he best gift to AIDS P atient Be kind Sometimes I have a terrible feeling that I am dying not from the virus, but from being untouchable. Amanda Heggs 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 36

Current Global Trends 2012 on AIDS:

Current Global Trends 2012 on AIDS Global prevalence of HIV rose slightly in 2011, according to figures published today in the 2012 edition of the UNAIDS Global Report, but the number of new infections showed a slight decrease . Last year 0.778% of the world's adult population was recorded as suffering from HIV, up from 0.775% in 2010. New infections fell year-on-year from 2,588,840 to 2,498,754. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the worst-affected region by some way, although adult prevalence there fell from 4.91% to 4.85%. 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 37

PowerPoint Presentation:

Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Universal Awareness on AIDS Email doctortvrao@gmail.com 29-11-2012 Dr.T.V.Rao MD 38