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Premium member Presentation Transcript HAND HYGIENE FOR PATIENTS ( what patients should know ) : HAND HYGIENE FOR PATIENTS ( what patients should know ) Dr.T.V.Rao MD Dr.T.V.Rao MD 1PowerPoint Presentation: The 10 Most Common Ways Of Spreading Disease Are The 10 Fingers Hand hygiene is the single most effective way to prevent infection Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2Patients too should practice Hand Hygiene: Patients too should practice Hand Hygiene One of the best ways to stop the spread of Microbes is for PATIENTS and our healthcare providers is to practice good hand hygiene by washing or decontaminating your hands. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 3PowerPoint Presentation: IMPROVING YOUR HAND HYGIENE PRACTICES Important topics: Why should we clean our hands? Barriers to frequent hand washing How do hands become contaminated? Advantages of alcohol-based hand rubs New Hand Hygiene Recommendations Dr.T.V.Rao MD 4PowerPoint Presentation: Does hand washing really reduce the spread of bacteria in healthcare settings? Yes! A scientific study performed in a hospital nursery found that when nurses did not wash their hands between patient contacts, babies acquired Staph bacteria much more frequently than babies cared for by nurses who washed their hands with an antimicrobial soap. Several other studies also show that washing hands between patient contacts reduces the spread of bacteria in healthcare. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 5Patients too become care takers of the Self with Hand Hygiene: Patients too become care takers of the Self with Hand Hygiene Providing patients with the tools and knowledge to perform proper hand hygiene empowers the patient to take charge and be a part of their care and safety while in the hospital Dr.T.V.Rao MD 6PowerPoint Presentation: Hand Facts Artificial fingernails, gel nails or extenders should not be worn Natural nail tips should not be longer than 0.635 cm (1/4 inch) long Nail polish should be removed when chipped Avoid wearing hand jewellery Dr.T.V.Rao MD 7PowerPoint Presentation: Hand Hygiene Definitions Hand washing The application of non-antimicrobial soap and water to the surface of the hands Antiseptic hand wash Washing hands with water and soap or other detergents containing an antiseptic agent Alcohol-based hand rub an alcohol-containing preparation designed for application to the hands in order to reduce the number of viable organisms with maximum efficacy and speed Surgical hand hygiene/antisepsis Hand washing or using an alcohol-based hand rub before operations by surgical personnel Dr.T.V.Rao MD 8PowerPoint Presentation: Evidence of Relationship Between Hand Hygiene and Healthcare-Associated Infections Substantial evidence that hand hygiene reduces the incidence of infections Historical study: Semmelweiss More recent studies: rates lower when antiseptic hand washing was performed Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Health-care Settings. MMWR 2002 ; vol. 51, no. RR-16. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 9When the Patients Wash Your Hands: When the Patients Wash Your Hands Children and adults should wash their hands with soap and water: When hands are visibly dirty Before eating Before preparing food items After contact with any body fluids such as blood, urine or vomit After changing infant or adult diapers After touching animals and pets Dr.T.V.Rao MD 10When you practice Hand Hygiene: When you practice Hand Hygiene After using the restroom After blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing Before and after touching a sick or injured person Before and after visiting a hospital ward Dr.T.V.Rao MD 11How to Wash Your Hands the Right Way: How to Wash Your Hands the Right Way Wet hands with water. Apply soap to hands. Liquid soap is best; germs can live on bar soap, but if used, it should be stored on a rack between uses. Rub hands vigorously together for at least 15 seconds (say the ABCs or sing “Row, Row, Row your Boat” to make sure you’ve washed long enough). Cover all surfaces of hands, fingers and thumbs. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 12PowerPoint Presentation: Dr.T.V.Rao MD 13What patients can practice at Home: What patients can practice at Home Before you wash your hands, take off any jewellery. When you wash with soap, use regular liquid soap. You don’t need antibacterial soap to remove dirt and germs. In fact, using antibiotics when they aren’t needed can lead to antibiotic resistance – that's when germs get stronger and harder to kill. Use moisturizer on your hands. Washing your hands can dry out your skin. If your skin is dry, it can develop small cracks, where germs can hide. So put moisturizer on your hands after cleaning them. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14Drying Hands after Washing: Drying Hands after Washing Rinse hands well to remove soap residue. Dry hands gently using soft paper towels; if using cloth towels, remember that damp towels may harbour germs. Use towel to turn off faucet. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 15Drying Hands Paper Towel in Better: Drying Hands Paper Towel in Better According to a new study released by the Mayo Clinic , drying hands with a paper towel is more effective when compared with cloth towels and electric air dryers (i.e. hot air dryers and jet air dryers). The research, conducted , reviewed 12 studies on the hygienic efficacy of different hand drying methods. This included drying efficiency, the removal of bacteria and the prevention of cross-contamination. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16When to Use Alcohol Hand Rubs: When to Use Alcohol Hand Rubs Perform routine cleaning of hands anytime they are not visibly dirty If you have contact with contaminated objects in the environment Before and after you care for or have contact with someone who is very sick, very old or very young Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17When to Use Alcohol Hand Rubs: When to Use Alcohol Hand Rubs After touching another person’s intact skin (shaking hands, holding hands, especially when the other person has a cold or other illness) When you simply want to decontaminate handsWhen soap and water are not available Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18Why Use ABHR ??: Why Use ABHR ?? Reduces bacterial count on hands More effective for standard hand wash Reduces adverse outcomes and cost associated with HAI’s Requires less time Less irritating Can be readily accessible/ portable Dr.T.V.Rao MD 19PowerPoint Presentation: " How To Use Alcohol Based Hand Rub" Apply 2-3 mls of product to the palm of one hand Rub hands together, covering all hand surfaces, including fingernails, web spaces, thumbs & palms. Ensure hands are dry before performing another task (dries within 15-20 seconds). NB: Alcohol products are flammable. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20How to do it: How to do it Apply product to palm of one hand. Rub hands together. Cover all surfaces of hands and fingers. When using alcohol hand rubs, you have used enough (about 1/2 tsp.) if it takes 25-30 seconds to dry on your hands. Do not wipe off alcohol hand rubs. Let hands air dry. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21PowerPoint Presentation: RUB apply to palm ROLL rub hands together covering all aspects of your fingers & hands until dry SQUIRT one squirt (1-3 ml) to your hands Easy Message Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22Better alcohol rubs: Better alcohol rubs Choose alcohol hand rubs containing at least 60% alcohol, listed as ingredients isopropyl, ethanol or n-propanol. Choose alcohol hand rubs with 1-3% glycerol or other skin conditioning agents. These conditioners are added to alcohol hand rubs to restore moisture to the skin. Alcohol-based hand rubs, rinses or gels that contain conditioners cause much less skin irritation and dryness than plain or antimicrobial hand rubs. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23If You Have Dry Skin: If You Have Dry Sk in It is not necessary, or recommended, to routinely wash your hands after using alcohol-based hand rubs. Use of antimicrobial hand wipes is considered equal to hand washing; BUT not as effective in killing germs as using alcohol hand rubs. When used on dry or chafed skin, alcohol may cause a temporary stinging effect; however, if products are chosen carefully, the chance of this is greatly decreased. Dr.T.V.Rao MD 24Some one sick at Home- All inmates must Practice Hand Washing: Some one sick at Home- All inmates must Practice Hand Washing When someone in your home is sick, it's extra important to wash your hands properly. Make sure everyone in the home washes their hands properly and often. Give the sick person her own hand towel to dry her hands; no one else should use her towel. Put out clean hand towels every day: one for the sick person, another for the healthy people. Or use disposable hand towels Dr.T.V.Rao MD 25PowerPoint Presentation: Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Everyone on the Hand Hygiene Practices Email firstname.lastname@example.org Dr.T.V.Rao MD 26 You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.