logging in or signing up Stereotypes & Prejudice dkirchner Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 844 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: March 21, 2012 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 1 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript PowerPoint Presentation: The Psychology of Stereotyping & PrejudicePowerPoint Presentation: EQ 10-1. How do people form, change, or react to attitudes ? Attitude : An enduring mental representation of a person, place, or thing that evokes an emotional response and related behavior.Targets:: Targets: Define stereotypes, prejudice, & discrimination. Explain the social and cognitive sources of stereotypes and prejudice.Stereotypes: Stereotypes Oversimplified generalizations of people who belong to a particular social group. Can be negative or positiveStereotypes: Most often applied to: Gender Race Ethnicity Age Occupation Physical appearance Place of residence Membership in a group or organization Can lead to prejudice StereotypesPrejudice: Prejudice Negative feelings toward people who belong to a particular social group. A negative evaluation of the group Can lead to discriminationEthnocentrism: Ethnocentrism A special kind of prejudice The belief that one’s culture is superior to others. Seeing one’s culture as the norm , judging other cultures that are “different”Discrimination: Discrimination Negative actions toward people who belong to a particular social group.How Prejudiced are People?: How Prejudiced are People? Over time, people have become gradually more accepting of interracial marriage.How Prejudiced are People?: How Prejudiced are People? Americans today express much less racial and gender prejudice, but prejudices still exist.PowerPoint Presentation: Prejudice works at the conscious and [more at] the unconscious level. Therefore, prejudice is more like a knee-jerk response than a conscious decision.Race: Race 9 out of 10 white respondents were slow when responding to words like “peace” or “paradise” when they saw a black individual’s photo compared to a white individual’s photo (Hugenberg & Bodenhausen, 2003).PowerPoint Presentation: The Roots of Stereotypes and PrejudicePowerPoint Presentation: Social RootsSocial (Observational) Learning: Social (Observational) Learning Stereotypes & prejudice are learned through modeling. Kids who live in environments with prejudicial parents, peers, etc. are more likely to have prejudices as well.PowerPoint Presentation: Prejudice can be learnedSocial Inequality: Social Inequality Prejudice develops when people have money, power, and prestige, and others do not. Social inequality increases prejudice. Scarcity of resources = fearSocial Divisions (In-group vs. Out-groups): Social Divisions (In-group vs. Out-groups) In-group: People with whom one shares a common identity. Out-group: Those perceived as different from one’s in-group. In-group Bias: The tendency to favor one’s own group.Scapegoating: Scapegoating Prejudice provides an outlet for anger [emotion] by providing someone to blame . After 9/11 many people lashed out against innocent Arab-Americans. Frustration-Aggression Hypothesis: People who are frustrated in their goals may turn their anger away from the proper target toward another, less powerful target. (Scapegoat)Scapegoating: ScapegoatingPowerPoint Presentation: Cognitive Roots We have a tendency to categorize & simplifySocial Categorization: Social Categorization Our tendency to organize all things into categories: “Good” and “Bad” “Familiar” and “Foreign” “Us” and “Them”Gestalt Law of Similarity: Gestalt Law of Similarity The tendency to group objects together that are similar in appearancePowerPoint Presentation: The tendency to group objects together that are near one another Gestalt Law of ProximityPowerPoint Presentation: Combating PrejudiceContact Theory: Contact Theory Contact between groups will reduce animosity, but only if the groups are made to work together to achieve a goal Called a superordinate goalSherif’s (1966) Robbers Cave Study: Sherif’s (1966) Robbers Cave Study Summer campers divided into 2 groups for competitions Negative feelings established between groupsSherif’s (1966) Robbers Cave Study: Sherif’s (1966) Robbers Cave Study Sherif staged several camp emergencies that required inter-group cooperation. The superordinate goal (solving crises) improved relations between groups. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.