Assessing the Unconscious: Rorschach: Assessing the Unconscious: Rorschach Rorschach Inkblot Test the most widely used projective test a set of 10 inkblots designed by Hermann Rorschach Hermann Rorschach
Assessing the Unconscious: Rorschach: Analyst asks the client: “What might this be?” Assessing the Unconscious: Rorschach Used to identify people’s inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots
Assessing the Unconscious: Rorschach: Assessing the Unconscious: Rorschach No correct answers, but likely (common) answers Integration of many features = high intellectual functioning Used to help identify emotional problems and mental disorders like depression, schizophrenia, & anxiety disorders
Assessing the Unconscious: TAT: Assessing the Unconscious: TAT Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) – developed by Henry Murray people express their inner motives through the stories they make up about ambiguous scenes Analyst might ask: What is happening? What is the person thinking? What will happen next?
Projective Tests: Criticisms: Projective Tests: Criticisms Critics argue that projective tests lack both reliability (consistency of results) and validity (predicting what it is supposed to). When evaluating the same patient, even trained raters come up with different interpretations (reliability). 2. Projective tests may misdiagnose a normal individual as pathological (validity).