Sleep Disorders

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Sleep Disorders Chronic disturbances in the quantity or quality of sleep that interfere with a person's ability to function normally.

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Insomnia

Characteristics:

Characteristics Inability to fall asleep OR stay asleep Sleep loss is so severe that it interferes with daytime functioning and well-being

Frequency (U.S.):

Frequency (U.S.) Most common sleep disorder (Roughly 1 in 10 people; 2/3 of older adults) About 70% of people with insomnia never tell their doctors

Possible Causes:

Possible Causes 1) Psychological: Anxiety, Stress, Depression 2) Physical: Pain, hormonal changes in women, decreased melatonin 3) Temporary Factors

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Narcolepsy

Characteristics:

Characteristics Sudden onset of sleep Irresistible sleep attacks Followed by sleep paralysis Can last a few to 15 minutes No cure

Frequency (U.S.):

Frequency (U.S.) Much more rare than insomnia Affects 1 in 2000 people

Possible Causes:

Possible Causes Unknown (maybe genetic) Often triggered by intense emotion: stress, laughter, anger, or surprise E.g.: Narcoleptic dogs E.g.: Narcoleptic people

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Apnea

Characteristics:

Characteristics Temporary loss of breath during sleep Literally means “cessation of respiration” Up to 500 times a night! (30 or more per hour) Effects and Treatment (CPAP)

Apnea and Snoring:

Apnea and Snoring

Frequency (U.S.):

Frequency (U.S.) Almost as common as insomnia 1 in 15 people

Possible Causes:

Possible Causes Not known how or when it begins (maybe at birth) Connected to S.I.D.S. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Leading cause of death between age 1 month & 1 yr. Most dangerous period 2-4 months

Infants at risk for SIDS are often attached to devices that monitor breathing and heart rate during sleep. An alarm sounds to alert parents if either pulse or respiration falters. SIDS rarely occurs after an infant is 1 year old. Babies at risk for SIDS should be placed on their sides or on their backs. (Photo courtesy of Healthdyne, Inc.) :

Infants at risk for SIDS are often attached to devices that monitor breathing and heart rate during sleep. An alarm sounds to alert parents if either pulse or respiration falters. SIDS rarely occurs after an infant is 1 year old. Babies at risk for SIDS should be placed on their sides or on their backs. (Photo courtesy of Healthdyne, Inc.)

Possible Causes:

Possible Causes Problems in brain Anatomical deformities

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Sleep Walking

Characteristics:

Characteristics A Deep Sleep Disorder – Stages 3 or 4 (capable of mobility here) May appear to be awake Can last a few to 30 minutes Can be nightly! Usually unaware of activities

Meet Andrew Meet Bizkit:

Meet Andrew Meet Bizkit

Frequency (U.S.):

Frequency (U.S.) About 18% of Americans Occurs primarily in children (highest rates between ages 11 & 12) Tends to end by adolescence

Possible Causes:

Possible Causes Unknown Emotional conflict or physiological abnormality? Tends to run in families

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Sleep (Night) Terrors

Characteristics:

Characteristics A Deep Sleep Disorder – Stages 3 or 4 Frightening dreamlike experience Not a nightmare (during REM) May appear to be awake

Frequency (U.S.):

Frequency (U.S.) About 1-6% of children Most common among kids ages 3-12

Possible Causes:

Possible Causes Unknown Emotional conflict or physiological abnormality? Tends to run in families