logging in or signing up Swine Flu divyaveerabhadra Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 2343 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (4) Dislike it (0) Added: May 04, 2009 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 2 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... By: mohamadobedat (44 month(s) ago) Dear Dr Divya, Thank you very much for a nice PPT on swineflu. If you can send me a copy of the same to my email address, I will remain grateful to you. I have been associated with teaching and training viral diseases. With thanks Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: snandi211963 (51 month(s) ago) Dear Dr Divya, Thank you very much for a nice PPT on swineflu. If you can send me a copy of the same to my email address, I will remain grateful to you. I have been associated with teaching and training viral diseases. With thanks ( S. Nandi) Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: batul.netz (52 month(s) ago) hii...can u send me the ppt on email@example.com ...i wana share wid my colleagues..in a mass meeting Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: drbvramana (54 month(s) ago) hello sir, i am drbvramana, from SVIMS Tirupati, i want your presentation .please send to my email. thank you sir. firstname.lastname@example.org Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close By: altinholta (55 month(s) ago) it is possible to have this presentation on email@example.com Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close loading.... See all Premium member Presentation Transcript SWINE FLUby DivyaVeerabhadra : 5/4/2009 1 SWINE FLUby DivyaVeerabhadra What is Swine Flu? : 5/4/2009 2 What is Swine Flu? Swine influenza virus (referred to as SIV) refers to influenza cases that are caused by Orthomyxovirus endemic to pig populations. SIV strains isolated to date have been classified either as Influenza (virus C or one of various subtypes of the genus Influenza virus A). Swine Influenza (Flu) : 5/4/2009 3 Swine Influenza (Flu) Swine influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza among pigs. Swine Flu viruses do not normally infect humans, however, human infections with swine flu do occur, and cases of human to human spread of swine flu viruses has been documented. Pigs can harbor influenza viruses can be adapted to Human : 5/4/2009 4 Pigs can harbor influenza viruses can be adapted to Human Facts & Symptoms of Swine Influenza : 5/4/2009 5 Facts & Symptoms of Swine Influenza Caused by a reassortant swine influenza A (H1N1) virus with gene segments from swine, avian and human strains. Clinical illness range from mild flu symptoms to severe viral pneumonia. Deaths have occurred in Mexican cases. 24 hours presymptomaic infections period. Peak infections period at start of development of symptoms. Upto 1/3rd cases are asymptomatic SWINE FLU 2009 : 5/4/2009 6 SWINE FLU 2009 In late March and early April 2009, cases of human infections with Swine Influenza A (H1N1) viruses were first reported in southern California and near San Anthonio,Texas. Other U.S states have reported cases of swine flu infection in humans and cases have been reported internationally as well. Swine Flu in Mexico : 5/4/2009 7 Swine Flu in Mexico In Federal District of Mexico, surveillance began picking up cases of ILI starting 18th March. The number of cases has risen steadily through April and as of 23rd April there are more than 854 cases of pneumonia from the capital. Of those, 59 have died. In San Luis Potosi, in central Mexico, 24 cases of ILI, with three deaths have been reported. WHO emergency meeting 25th & 27th April 2009 : 5/4/2009 8 WHO emergency meeting 25th & 27th April 2009 Issue taken as public health emergency of International concern. Pandemic Alert Gaps in knowledge of clinical features, epidemiology and virology. Source: Ministry of Health Singapore Update 29th April 2009 The Director-General raised the level of influenza pandemic alert from the current phase 3 to phase 4. The change to a higher phase of pandemic alert indicates that the likelihood of the pandemic has increased, but not that a pandemic in inevitable. Status confirmed till date across the world : 5/4/2009 9 Status confirmed till date across the world Confirmed Cases *USA (65) *Mexico (26) *Canada (6) New Zealand (3) Scotland (2) Spain (2) Israel (2) Costa Rica (1) * Affected Areas Suspected Cases America, Colombia, Chile Peru Europe [Ireland, Czech Republic, France, Italy, UK, Belgium, Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland, Germany,] Asia & Oceania [Australia, Hong Kong, South Korea, Thailand]. Source: Ministry of Health Singapore Update 29th April 2009 Swine Flu differs from Human Flu : 5/4/2009 10 Swine Flu differs from Human Flu The H1N1 swine flu viruses are antigenically very different from human H1N1 virus and, therefore, vaccines for human seasonal flu would not provide protection from H1N1 swine flu viruses. Out breaks amongst Pigs : 5/4/2009 11 Out breaks amongst Pigs Outbreaks amongst pigs normally occur in colder whether months and sometimes with the introduction of new pigs into susceptible herds. Studies have shown the swine flu H1N1 is common throughout pig populations worldwide, with 25% of animals showing antibodies evidence of infections. How Humans are exposed : 5/4/2009 12 How Humans are exposed Most commonly, these cases occur in persons with direct exposure to pigs. Symptoms of Swine Flu : 5/4/2009 13 Symptoms of Swine Flu Fever Lethargy Lack of appetite Coughing Running nose Vomiting Diarrhea Sore Throat How long can an infected person spread swine flu to others? : 5/4/2009 14 How long can an infected person spread swine flu to others? People with swine influenza virus infection should be considered potentially contagious as long as they are symptomatic and possible for up to 7 days following illness onset. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer period. How long can the virus live outside the body? : 5/4/2009 15 How long can the virus live outside the body? Virus or bacteria can live up to 2 hours or longer on surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs and desks. Frequent hand wash will help you reduce the chance of getting contamination from these common surfaces. Measures of GOI : 5/4/2009 16 Measures of GOI Counter to screen arriving air travelers. Medicines like “Tamiflu, Amantidine, Rimantadine, Osltamivir etc have been stocked by GOI. Proving immediate attention to all who are suspected to have swine flu. What U should do? : 5/4/2009 17 What U should do? Wash your hands Avoid crowded places Keep off flu-affected people Drink plenty of water. What you shouldn’t do? : 5/4/2009 18 What you shouldn’t do? Shake hands or hug in greeting Spit in public Take medicine without doctor’s guidance If you are sick! : 5/4/2009 19 If you are sick! . Stay home take rest Limit contact with others Cover your mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing Seek medical advice if needed You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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