EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AT WORK : EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AT WORK Vishal Jain
www.schoolofeducators.com ARE YOU EMOTIONALLY INTELLIGENT? : ARE YOU EMOTIONALLY INTELLIGENT? OR
YOU STILL THINK (not feel) THAT IQ MATTERS MORE THAN EQ Before we move ahead please note that: : 3 Before we move ahead please note that: IQ means intelligence quotient
EQ means emotional quotient
EI means emotional intelligence www.schoolofeducators.com WHAT ARE EMOTIONS ? : 4 WHAT ARE EMOTIONS ? Happiness, fear, anger, affection, shame, disgust, surprise, lust, sadness, elation, love, frustration, anxiety, failure, achievement etc.
The above are the emotions which directly affect our day-to-day life. There are TWO dimensions of emotions:
Physiological side: ‘Emotion’ is a complex state of human mind, involving bodily changes of widespread character such as breathing, pounding heart, flushed face, sweating palms, pulse rate, gland secretions, etc.
Psychological side, a state of excitement or perturbation marked by strong feelings. www.schoolofeducators.com Emotions And Their Blends: : 5 Emotions And Their Blends: Anger: fury, outrage, resentment, annoyance, hostility.
Love: acceptance, friendliness, trust, kindness, infatuation.
Shame: guilt, remorse, humiliation, regret.
Fear: anxiety, nervousness, apprehension, terror.
Enjoyment: happiness, joy, relief, contentment, pleasure.
Sadness: Grief, sorrow, cheerlessness, gloom.
Surprise: Shock, astonishment, amazement wonder. www.schoolofeducators.com Examples of Use Of Emotions: : www.schoolofeducators.com 6 Examples of Use Of Emotions: She is too sensitive.
He takes everything too personally.
He is jealous of his colleagues.
My boss is always in a hostile mood.
She does not understand the feelings of others.
He is always nagging others.
The HOD blurts things out without thinking of others.
Nobody understands/listens to me.
The management is way out of touch with employee’s emotions.
Why does it happen with me only in life.
I am always nice with the people around me.
The above statements refer to various emotions we experience in our day to day life. What Exactly Is EQ : www.schoolofeducators.com 7 What Exactly Is EQ Emotional intelligence or Emotional Quotient is simply defined as:
knowing what feels good, what feels bad,
and how to get from bad to good.
Knowing your emotions and knowing emotion of others.
It refers to emotional management skills which provide competency to balance emotions and reason so as to maximize
long term happiness. Slide 8: www.schoolofeducators.com 8 Emotional Intelligence is “the capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well in ourselves and in our relationships. Emotional intelligence describes abilities distinct from, but complementary to, academic intelligence.” Daniel Goleman (1998) The Indian Perspective : www.schoolofeducators.com 9 The Indian Perspective “Emotional intelligence is the ability of an individual to appropriately and successfully respond to a vast variety of emotional inputs being elicited from inner self and immediate environment. Emotional intelligence constitutes three psychological dimensions such as emotional competency, emotional maturity and emotional sensitivity, which motivate an individual to recognize truthfully, interpret honestly and handle tactfully the dynamics of human behaviour”. Are we giving EQ education in schools /colleges : www.schoolofeducators.com 10 Are we giving EQ education in schools /colleges NO. Our educational system gives stress on IQ and not on EQ. We are taught History, Hindi, English, Geography, Physics, anthropology, Botany, Computers, Medicine, Engineering etc.
We are not TAUGHT how to handle frustration, anxieties, stress, failure, depression, burnout, inferiority complexes, ego problems
We are not told to learn how to manage emotions i.e.; interaction, coordination, Adjustment, communication
We are expected to learn all these from our parents, peer group of other role models
At the later stages of our lives we are told to master emotional competencies to be successful. IQ v/s EQ(Intelligence Quotient v/s Emotional Quotient) : www.schoolofeducators.com 11 IQ v/s EQ(Intelligence Quotient v/s Emotional Quotient) The research shows that IQ can help you to be successful to the extent of 20 percent only in life. The rest of 80 percent success depends on your EQ 80% EQ 20% IQ WHAT IS “SUCCESS” : www.schoolofeducators.com 12 WHAT IS “SUCCESS” Is it your IQ: Exams passed, competitions cleared, percentage of marks in schools and colleges,academic qualifications etc
Earning fat salary, top positions in workplace, being rich and wealthy, powerful,dominating, being influential etc OR SUCCESS IS SOMETHING ELSE : www.schoolofeducators.com 13 OR SUCCESS IS SOMETHING ELSE The word "success" is a relative term
Living a healthy and happy married life may be an indicator of success for some.
Reaching a top position in carrier may be an indicator of success for others
For some having a satisfying job life or personal satisfaction may be an indicator of success
Only the tangible achievements may not be indicators of success in life. Many a times non-tangible performance or achievements may be termed as successful. Slide 14: www.schoolofeducators.com 14 GETS YOU HIRED GETS YOU FIRED/PROMOTED THE PROFESSIONAL SUCCESS What experts say : www.schoolofeducators.com 15 What experts say Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Management consultants and Medical Doctors have been proving that there are personal characteristics called emotional intelligence which are responsible for the ways how we behave, how we feel, how we relate to others, how well we do at our jobs, and how healthy we are. Conted….. : www.schoolofeducators.com 16 Conted….. Emotional Intelligence tendencies can result in being uncomfortable with other people, not being happy with your job, not succeeding at your job, and even being physically and psychologically unhealthy - with stress-related problems, or not having satisfactory interpersonal relations Slide 17: www.schoolofeducators.com 17 EQ IQ THE PERSONALITY The HEAD The HEART THE PERSONALITY : www.schoolofeducators.com 18 THE PERSONALITY EQ Thinking Part Feeling Part Characteristics of a High EQ Person : www.schoolofeducators.com 19 Characteristics of a High EQ Person A time to wait and a time to watch,
A time to be aggressive and a time to be passive,
A time to be together and a time to be alone,
A time to fight and a time to love,
A time to work and a time to play,
A time to cry and a time to laugh,
A time to confront and a time to withdraw,
A time to speak and a time to be silent,
A time to be patient and a time to decide. Characteristics of a low EQ Person : www.schoolofeducators.com 20 Characteristics of a low EQ Person “If only I had a different job … …”
“If only I had finished graduation … …”
“If only I had been handsome/beautiful …”
“If only my spouse had stopped drinking …”
“If only I had been born rich and famous…”
“If only I had good contacts…”
“If only I had better friends …”
“If only I had married someone else …” TWO VIEW POINTS ABOUT EQ : www.schoolofeducators.com 21 TWO VIEW POINTS ABOUT EQ EMOTIONAL SKILLS MANAGERS SHOULD LEARN : www.schoolofeducators.com 22 EMOTIONAL SKILLS MANAGERS SHOULD LEARN EMOTIONAL COMPETENCY
EMOTIONAL SENSITIVITY I. EMOTIONAL COMPETENCY : www.schoolofeducators.com 23 I. EMOTIONAL COMPETENCY Tackling Emotional Upsets
Handling Inferiority Complex II. EMOTIONAL MATURITY : www.schoolofeducators.com 24 II. EMOTIONAL MATURITY Self-Awareness
Adaptability and Flexibility III. EMOTIONAL SENSITIVITY : www.schoolofeducators.com 25 III. EMOTIONAL SENSITIVITY Understanding Threshold of
Improving Inter-personal Relations
Communicability of Emotions The Empirical Research : www.schoolofeducators.com 26 The Empirical Research A study of 80 Ph.D.’s
A study of Insurance Sector
A study of IAS officers
A study on stress and burnout
A study of different professions Slide 27: www.schoolofeducators.com 27 A study of 80 Ph.D.’s by EQ Consortium
A study of 80 Ph.D.’s in science who underwent a battery of personality tests, IQ tests, and interviews in the 1950s when they were graduate students at Berkeley.
Forty years later, when they were in their early seventies, they were tracked down and estimates were made of their success based on resumes, evaluations by experts in their own fields, and sources like American Men and Women of Science.
It turned out that social and emotional abilities were four times more important than IQ in establishing professional success and prestige.
(EQ CONSORTIUM) A STUDY OF INSURANCE SECTOR : www.schoolofeducators.com 28 A STUDY OF INSURANCE SECTOR In another research it has
been found that Insurance
salespersons who were
sold 37 percent more
insurance policies in
their first two years
pessimists. A STUDY OF IAS OFFICERS : www.schoolofeducators.com 29 A STUDY OF IAS OFFICERS After studying 60 IAS officers of Assam Cadre it was found that 77 % of them fall in the category of Average EQ.
Only 15 % showed High EQ
(Prof NK Chadha, Psychology Dept, Delhi University) A STUDY OF STRESS AND BURNOUT : www.schoolofeducators.com 30 A STUDY OF STRESS AND BURNOUT The managers High on EQ were low on ‘burnout’ implying that they can cope up better with stress.
(Prof NK Chadha, Psychology Dept, Delhi University) Do different professions require different Levels of EQ? : www.schoolofeducators.com 31 Do different professions require different Levels of EQ? CLUSTER I: EXTREMELY HIGH
Artist, Insurance, Advertisement, Social Work
Teaching, Legal, Tourism, Politics, Business/ Entrepreneurship, Police
Judiciary, Administration, Information Technology, Medicine, Banking, Engineering, Accountancy, Nursing SOME MYTHS/FACTS ABOUT EQ : www.schoolofeducators.com 32 SOME MYTHS/FACTS ABOUT EQ Being EI does not mean a weak, submissive or defensive personality.
Being highly EI does not not mean being extra nice, polite or sugar coating your language
The females are NOT superior to males in expressing/experiences emotions as most of us tend to believe incorrectly. In fact, the research shows that males are equally emotional when compared to females.
There is no direct evidence to prove that EQ is dependent upon heredity.
However, the environment does seem to influence the EQ. Myths….. : www.schoolofeducators.com 33 Myths….. Advocating EQ does not mean that we are promoting low scorers or average IQ people.
Having average EQ is not bad or undesirable
Having high EQ is always welcome.
We are not negating the IQ. In fact a combination of high EQ and high IQ would be a most ideal personality. It would be a win win situation. CAN EQ BE DEVELOPED? : www.schoolofeducators.com 34 CAN EQ BE DEVELOPED? YES. You can develop your EQ by upgrading your emotional skills. The popular thinking that EQ is entirely inherited is incorrect. Emotional Intelligence is not fixed at birth. There is no emotional intelligence genes as such that we know of today. It is something one has learned. Conted…….. : www.schoolofeducators.com 35 Conted…….. Can EQ be developed at any stage/age of personal or professional life. The answer is YES. You can upgrade your emotional skills at any stage of your life. In fact, age and maturity are positively correlated with the EQ.
Same is not true about IQ which is more or less static. Can EQ Be Measured? : www.schoolofeducators.com 36 Can EQ Be Measured? YES. Though some critics may argue that emotional traits can not be measured accurately the psychologists have shown that EI can be measured by using standardized scientific tools. Slide 37: www.schoolofeducators.com 37 APPLYING EQ IN BUSINESS ORGANISATIONS
Leadership Slide 38: www.schoolofeducators.com 38 CONCLUSION: Applying EQ makes you feel comfortable within your own skin and with people around you. You can also understand what makes you incompatible with certain people or jobs and learn ways to deal with the emotional difficulties ease. You can also understand the specific feelings that cause you stress and learn ways to become more at peace. QUOTES : www.schoolofeducators.com 39 QUOTES “Anyone can be angry—that is easy. But to be angry with the right person, to the right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose, and in the right way — that is not easy.”