QUALITIES OF A GOOD DEBATE

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Three types of Persuasion Speeches:

Three types of Persuasion Speeches 1. Question of Facts This is convincing your audience that something happened or that it will happen. It can be proven or not proven; it can use information which is documented or speculated. A speech that tries to convince the audience that the economy will improve this year would be a speech on a question of fact. Lawyers always use speeches on a question of fact. They present the “facts” and help the jury see them in the manner to prove their clients innocent. The speech on the existence of Big Foot or the Loch Ness monster would be a speech on a question of fact.

2. Question of value:

2. Question of value This is convincing your audience on the value of something. A speech that tries to convince us the importance of good health or that euthanasia is morally justifiable would be a speech on a question of value. It is persuading us of the worthiness or unworthiness of something. It uses both a question of fact and a question of value.

3. Question of Policy:

3. Question of Policy This is convincing us to take an action. Given this information and the importance of it, we must do something about it. There will be a “should” (or implied should ) in the thesis statement. “We should allow our dogs to eat at the dinner table with us” is a thesis statement on a question of policy. It will use all three types of argument: facts, value, and policy.

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Abortion is economically sensible. Abortion is a right of all women. Abortion should be legal Question of fact Question of Value Question of Policy

Supporting your Ideas :

Supporting your Ideas 1. Facts and Statistics 2. Testimony 3. Examples

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Facts are statements that can be verified by independent observers. Most students at our college take five years to earn their degree. Television ads often rely on emotional appeals. Statistics are facts expressed in numbers. The Environmental protection agency is saying that secondhand smoke causes 3,000 lung cancer deaths a year and 35,000 heart disease deaths a year, and contributes to 150, 000 to 300,000 respiratory infection to babies, mainly bronchitis and pneumonia, resulting in 7,500 to 15,000 hospitalizations.

Techniques in Presenting Facts and Statistics:

Techniques in Presenting Facts and Statistics A. Definition Translates unfamiliar or technical terms into words your listeners will understand. “According to an article in Scientific magazine, genetic testing is co-relating the inheritance of a distinctive segment of DNA; it looks at people’s DNA to see if they have a genetic condition or disease.”

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B. Explanation Helps clarify a topic or demonstrates how things work. OnStar System combines the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite network with wireless technology to link the driver and vehicle to the OnStar Center. It has been used to assist subscribers in everything from emergency services to tracking stolen vehicles; getting the indoors opened when the keys are accidentally locked inside; guiding the driver to locate addresses or gasoline stations; arranging dinner reservations or even theater ticket purchases. If an airbag deploys in a car accident, the car itself automatically calls the Center for assistance.

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C. Descriptions It is a “word picture” that helps listeners visualize what you are talking about. Two red brick columns topped with a decorative iron arch and a small metal cross from the entrance to the grave site. The column to the right is in bad shape: Cinder blocks from the base are missing; the brick work near the top has deteriorated and tumbled to the ground; graffiti on the columns proclaim an attitude we found repeatedly expressed about the Bureau of Indian Affairs: “BIA sucks!” Crumbling concrete steps lead you to the mass grave.

2. Testimony:

2. Testimony It is citing the words or ideas of others. A. EXPERT TESTIMONY Comes from people who are qualified by training or experience to speak as authorities on a subject. Dr. Lee Gonzales, chair of our Criminal Justice Department and former member of the Presidential Task Force on Inner-City Violence, said that a law requiring licensing of handguns would……”

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B . Lay Testimony Represents the wisdom of ordinary people. There was a cabbie in New York named Youssef Jada. He came here from Morocco 6 years ago..Youssef kept his car radio tuned to National Public Radio all day and his television set at home on Channel 13. He said, “I’m blessed by these stations. My son was born in this country. I will let him watch Channel 13 so he can learn how to be an American.” Think about that…Why shouldn’t public television be the core curriculum of the American experience?

C. Prestige Testimony:

C . Prestige Testimony Associates your message with the words of a respected public figure. The great American poet Langston Hughes talked about a dream deferred, and he said, “What happens to a dream deferred? Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Does it stink like rotten meat or crust and sugar over like a syrupy sweet?Maybe it just sags, like a heavy load. Or does it explode?” For too many teenagers, that dream deferred does sag like a heavy load that’s pushing them down into the ground…As we see too often, it does explode in violence, in youngsters falling dead, shot by other youngsters…

3. Examples:

3. Examples Serve as verbal illustrations for an oral message. “I contracted polio when I was 2 years old. I don’t remember it but I do remember my parents telling me about the advise of the doctor that I’ll be staying on bed for the rest of my life. In my first job as a secretary, I remember my boss nearly didn’t hire me because he worried that I couldn’t carry a coffee to him every morning. Talk about the double barrel insult! I never spilled coffee on the boss’s lap, although the temptation was real.”

Activity: “Hot Seat”:

Activity: “Hot Seat” Develop an argument that would high light your stance on the given questions. Is love blind? Are men emotionally stronger than women? Are women better drivers than men? Is suspension from classes effective in disciplining students?

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