VITAMIN DEFICIENCY : VITAMIN DEFICIENCY Presented by-
Shruti Mishra INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION Most of the vitamins are not synthesized inside the body, so they need to be supplied via diet. Vitamins also act as co-factor in many enzyme systems so essential for various body functions.
Any type of lowered supply of vitamin may lead towards the various diseases. CAUSES OF VITAMIN DEFICIENCY : CAUSES OF VITAMIN DEFICIENCY It occurs in alcoholic persons
It occurs in aged persons
Due to prolonge dieting or improper intake of nutritive foods
In ill persons DEFICIENCY OF FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS : DEFICIENCY OF FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS VITAMIN-A
Inability to see in dim light
Cunjuctiva becomes dry and wet Slide 5: BITOT’S SPOTS-
Triangular,pearly white,foamy spot on the conjunctiva
Cornea appears dry and sometime corneal ulceration
Cornea become soft and bursts, leads towards blindness Slide 6: VITAMIN D
Occurs in young children.Retarded bone growth due to reduced calcification
Occurs in adults, mainly in women. Back pain, pain in limbs,muscular weakness. Slide 7: VITAMIN E
Damaged cell membranes
leakage of cell content.
Hypothrombinaemia- Increased bleeding tendency WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS : WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS VITAMIN B COMPLEX
Mental disorder(dry beri beri)
Heart disease (wet beri beri)
Often seen in alcoholics, leads towards mental is disorder Slide 9: RIBOFLAVIN (B2)
1-Glossitis- Sore, red mucosa
2-Chelosis- Cracking at the angle of the mouth Slide 10: NIACIN (B3)
Hyperirratibility Slide 11: PANTOTHENIC ACID
Adrenocortical insufficiency lead towards fatigue, headach etc.
Burning sole sensation
Due to reduced cell division.
Diarrhoea Slide 12: BIOTIN
RETT’S SYNDROME- Genetic defects.
Lesions in spinal chord
Infertility in animal species Slide 13: VITAMIN C
Bleeding of gums
Higher tendency of local haemorrhage
Decreased immunity CONCLUSION : CONCLUSION Vitamin deficiency is very harmfull. It can be reduced by proper diet intake or by following balanced diet. Slide 15: THANKS