VITAMIN DEFICIENCY

Views:
 
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

VITAMIN DEFICIENCY : 

VITAMIN DEFICIENCY Presented by- Shruti Mishra

INTRODUCTION : 

INTRODUCTION Most of the vitamins are not synthesized inside the body, so they need to be supplied via diet. Vitamins also act as co-factor in many enzyme systems so essential for various body functions. Any type of lowered supply of vitamin may lead towards the various diseases.

CAUSES OF VITAMIN DEFICIENCY : 

CAUSES OF VITAMIN DEFICIENCY It occurs in alcoholic persons It occurs in aged persons Due to prolonge dieting or improper intake of nutritive foods In ill persons

DEFICIENCY OF FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS : 

DEFICIENCY OF FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS VITAMIN-A NIGHT BLINDNESS- Inability to see in dim light CUNJUNCTIVAL XEROSIS- Cunjuctiva becomes dry and wet

Slide 5: 

BITOT’S SPOTS- Triangular,pearly white,foamy spot on the conjunctiva CORNEAL XEROSIS- Cornea appears dry and sometime corneal ulceration KEROTOMALACIA- Cornea become soft and bursts, leads towards blindness

Slide 6: 

VITAMIN D RICKETS- Occurs in young children.Retarded bone growth due to reduced calcification OSTOMALACIA- Occurs in adults, mainly in women. Back pain, pain in limbs,muscular weakness.

Slide 7: 

VITAMIN E Damaged cell membranes leakage of cell content. Neuropathies Myopathies Reduced absorption VITAMIN K Hypothrombinaemia- Increased bleeding tendency

WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS : 

WATER SOLUBLE VITAMINS VITAMIN B COMPLEX THIAMIN (B1) BERI BERI- Mental disorder(dry beri beri) Heart disease (wet beri beri) WERNICKS SYNDROME- Often seen in alcoholics, leads towards mental is disorder

Slide 9: 

RIBOFLAVIN (B2) ARIBOFLAVINOSIS- Symptoms are- 1-Glossitis- Sore, red mucosa 2-Chelosis- Cracking at the angle of the mouth

Slide 10: 

NIACIN (B3) PELLAGRA- Diarrhoea Dermetitis Dementia PYRIDOXIN (B6) Nausea Anemia Seberheic dermetitis Hyperirratibility

Slide 11: 

PANTOTHENIC ACID Adrenocortical insufficiency lead towards fatigue, headach etc. Burning sole sensation FOLIC ACID MEGALOBLASTIC ANEMIA- Due to reduced cell division. GI DISTURBANCE- Diarrhoea

Slide 12: 

BIOTIN RETT’S SYNDROME- Genetic defects. DERMATITIS GLOSSITIS COBALAMIN(B12) Megaloblastic anemia Lesions in spinal chord Infertility in animal species

Slide 13: 

VITAMIN C SCURVY- Bleeding of gums Higher tendency of local haemorrhage Decreased immunity

CONCLUSION : 

CONCLUSION Vitamin deficiency is very harmfull. It can be reduced by proper diet intake or by following balanced diet.

Slide 15: 

THANKS

authorStream Live Help