Historical Context_lesson 1

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Pythagoras Theorem:

Pythagoras Theorem Historical Context

Pythagoras:

Pythagoras Pythagoras was born in Samos Greece between 580 – 572 BC and he died between 500 – 490 BC He was considered one of the great mathematicians, philosophers, scientists and mystics of Ancient Greece. He has been called “The Father of Numbers”

The father of numbers:

The father of numbers As a young man he left his home to escape a dictator. Pythagoras traveled to many places, including Egypt and Phoenicia, studying local knowledge and impressing people with his ideas. Later he settled in Calabria (Italy) where he established a secret society that followed his teachings. His followers were called “Pythagoreans”

Pythagoreans:

Pythagoreans Pythagoreans demanded that his followers lead lives of virtue based on his teachings. He gave equal opportunity to males and females Pythagoras and his school went on to make many discoveries about the nature of the world and the relationships hidden in all things, not only in mathematics, but in science, music and religion

Pythagoreans:

Pythagoreans None of Pythagoras’ writings survive, so we don’t know which discoveries were made him personally. Over time, many interesting stories about him were told which became part of the legend of Pythagoras. Some of these include the belief that he had a golden thigh, an indication that he was related to the gods. Other believed that he could travel thorough time and space and communicate with plants and animals Later in life, a noble family attempted to assassinate him. He escaped and lived to the age of 90.

The pythagoreans:

The pythagoreans The Pythagoreans were a very secretive group that followed the teaching of Pythagoras They used the pentagram as their emblem believing it to be an example of mathematical perfection. They believed that numbers were the foundation of the world and that all relationships could be explained mathematically

The pythagoreans:

The pythagoreans Pythagoreans lived together, shared their belongings and followed a mainly vegetarian diet. They were divided into groups based on the work they choose. All discoveries were credited to Pythagoras, as the leader of the school. The only people to actually see Pythagoras were his closest students

The pythagoreans:

The pythagoreans Pythagoreans followed a code of silence. They believed that if you didn’t know what you were talking about, then you should say nothing. The punishment for breaking this rule was death. Pythagoreans also believed that their souls would return to Earth after they died. Their behavior in life would dictate whether their souls would return in a better or worse position than before.

Your Tasks – groups of 3:

Your Tasks – groups of 3 Each group is a particular school that follows the teachings of a scholarly master 1. Create a name for your group. This name may be based on an actual historical figure or can be made up 2. Develop a sentence group philosophy regarding the nature of the world and the relationships contained within it 3. Create an emblem or a symbol for the group, like the pentagram for the Pythagoreans. Explain its significance 4. Make a list of 5 peculiar guidelines or rules that each member of your group must follow, including possible punishments for braking the rules 5. Choose a mathematical formula or concept that your group claims to have discovered. Examples include: area of a shape, pi, volume , etc…

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