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Articles:

Articles Research project by: S.Dhilip , B.T.Assistant (English), Panchayat Union Middle School, Melpappampadi .

Q: What is an article?:

Q: What is an article?

A: There are only two articles in the English language: 1.Definite artice:“the” and 2.Indefinite artice:“a”/ “an”. Articles are kinds of adjectives that give information about a noun. :

A: There are only two articles in the English language: 1.Definite artice:“the ” and 2.Indefinite artice:“a ”/ “an”. Articles are kinds of adjectives that give information about a noun.

Q: When do I use which article?:

Q: When do I use which article?

A: It depends on what kind of noun is being modified.:

A: It depends on what kind of noun is being modified.

Kinds of Nouns:

Kinds of Nouns Nouns are singular or plural Nouns are count or noncount Nouns are generic, indefinite, or definite

Q: What is the difference between a count and a noncount noun?:

Q: What is the difference between a count and a noncount noun?

A: A count noun is a noun that can be counted. A unncount noun is a noun that, grammatically, cannot be counted.:

A: A count noun is a noun that can be counted. A unncount noun is a noun that, grammatically, cannot be counted.

Some Examples::

Some Examples: Count Nouns Couch Machine Mountain Earring Medal uncount Nouns Furniture Machinery Scenery Gold Confidence

Some Common uncountable Nouns::

Some Common uncountable Nouns: Whole groups made up of similar items : baggage, clothing, equipment, food. Fluids, Solids, Gases, or Particles : water, glass, oxygen, rice Abstractions : courage, information, time Languages : English, French, Cantonese Fields of Study : literature, history, math Recreation : baseball, poker, basketball Activities (gerunds): studying, learning Natural Phenomena : weather, sunshine

Note: Noncount nouns have no plural form.:

Note: Noncount nouns have no plural form.

Q: What are generic nouns?:

Q: What are generic nouns?

A: A generic noun represents a whole class of things; it is not a specific, real, concrete thing, but rather a symbol of a whole group.:

A: A generic noun represents a whole class of things; it is not a specific, real, concrete thing, but rather a symbol of a whole group.

Examples of Generic Nouns::

Examples of Generic Nouns: A horse has four legs. An apple is red. A bird lays eggs.

Article Rules for Generic Nouns::

Article Rules for Generic Nouns: Use “a” / “an” before a generic singular count noun: An apple is red . Do not use an article before a generic plural count noun: Apples are red . Do not use an article before a generic noncount noun: Fruit comes in many different colours .

Q: What is an indefinite noun?:

Q: What is an indefinite noun?

A: An indefinite noun is an actual thing (not a symbol), but it is not specifically identified.:

A: An indefinite noun is an actual thing (not a symbol), but it is not specifically identified.

Examples of Indefinite Nouns::

Examples of Indefinite Nouns: I ate an apple. The man on the subway took out a book. The student was wearing a hat.

Article Rules with Indefinite Nouns::

Article Rules with Indefinite Nouns: Use “a” / “an” with indefinite singular count nouns: I ate an apple . Use nothing or “some”, “two”, “a few”, “several”, etc… with indefinite plural count nouns. I ate some apples . Use nothing or “some”, “a little”, “a lot of”, etc… with indefinite noncount nouns. I ate some fruit .

Q: What is a definite noun?:

Q: What is a definite noun?

A: A noun is definite when both the speaker and the listener are thinking about the same specific thing.:

A: A noun is definite when both the speaker and the listener are thinking about the same specific thing.

Examples of Definite Nouns::

Examples of Definite Nouns: Thank you for the apple you gave me. I want to pass the car that is going so slow ahead of us. The monkey we saw at the zoo last Tuesday was really funny.

Article Rules with Definite Nouns::

Article Rules with Definite Nouns: Use “the” with definite singular count nouns: Thank you for the apple you gave me . Use “the” with definite plural count nouns: Thank you for the apples you gave me . Use “the” with definite noncount nouns: Thank you for the fruit you gave me .

General Guidelines for Article Usage::

General Guidelines for Article Usage:

1. Use “the” when you know or assume that your listener is familiar with and thinking about the same specific thing or person you are talking about.:

1. Use “the” when you know or assume that your listener is familiar with and thinking about the same specific thing or person you are talking about.

Examples::

Examples: Open the door! The sun is awfully bright. Tell the doctor what is wrong with you today.

2. Use “the” for the second mention of an indefinite noun.:

2. Use “the” for the second mention of an indefinite noun.

Examples::

Examples: Yesterday I saw some dogs. The dogs were chasing a cat. The cat was chasing a mouse. The mouse ran into a hole. The hole was very small.

3. Do not use “the” with a plural count noun or a noncount noun when you are making a generalization.:

3. Do not use “the” with a plural count noun or a noncount noun when you are making a generalization.

Examples::

Examples: Incorrect: The horses are my favorite animals. (horses=plural count noun) Incorrect: The ice is a beautiful substance. (ice=noncount noun) Incorrect: The courage is a virtue. (courage=noncount noun)

4. A singular count noun is always preceded by: a) an article (a/an or the); OR b) this/that; OR c) a possessive adjective:

4 . A singular count noun is always preceded by: a) an article (a/an or the); OR b) this/that; OR c) a possessive adjective

Examples::

Examples: I ate an apple. / I ate the apple. I ate that apple. I ate my apple.

Self-Test::

Self-Test:

1. The classrooms are my favorite places to learn. :

1. The classrooms are my favorite places to learn.

2. A luggage can be heavy.:

2. A luggage can be heavy.

3. I ate two fruits yesterday.:

3. I ate two fruits yesterday.

4. I rode a horse yesterday. A horse was brown.:

4. I rode a horse yesterday. A horse was brown.

5. Pentagon has five sides. :

5. Pentagon has five sides.

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